mercredi 22 novembre 2017

CHAD: The Infernal Circle of Bad Governance.

 
Recently, Chad managed to raise over $ 20 billion for a National Development Plan, while it was expecting $ 7 billion only
The goal of this plan is to reduce poverty and drive development. However, will these funds that will be collected contribute to the development of the country or is it a counterpart of geopolitical services that Idriss Deby will give to Westerners?

"Vision 2030, the Chad we want"

         Since 2003, Chad has initiated two National Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (N.P.R.S. 1 and 2), four National Development Plans (P.N.D. 2003-2006, P.N.D. 2008-2011, P.N.D. 2013-2015 and P.N.D. 20017-2021). To this must be added the P.N.Ds 2022-2026 and 2027-2030 contained in the document "Vision 2030, the Chad we want", for which, it will still be necessary to raise funds. These documents, which were supposed to pave the way for harmonious development, proved to be fiascos. Worse, they were opportunities for enrichment for the rulers, without any real impact on the lives of the Chadian people.

According to the I.D.H. the country ranks 186th out of 188 in 2016.

         In fact, the country ranks 186th out of 188 countries according to the 2016 Human Development Index. In addition, only 52% of the population has access to drinking water compared to 3% of the population to electricity according to the Bank. African Development. More than 3.7 million people are food insecure in 2016 according to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Certainly, progress is being made in the field of infrastructures. But, they do not obey the standards of achievement because the owner is required to wet the beard of a whole chain of command.

Fiasco of the elitist approach to development!

         The failure of Development Strategies and Plans is linked to the adoption of a "top-down" approach to development. Elitist approaches therefore, disconnected from the real needs of the people "from below"; irresponsible because of lack of transparency and accountability, favoring the bureaucrat over the entrepreneur. But only the latter can create wealth and jobs. Also, with such a dirigiste approach of the economy, one could only create corruption, mismanagement, rent instead of creating businesses, wealth and jobs. In other words, the donors, in addition to the dictatorship bonus, give a premium to bad governance and bad economic policies.

Nepotism, corruption and tribalisation of the administration.

         Nepotism, corruption, mismanagement, the "tribalisation" of the administration, ..., are the evils that undermine the Chadian state. The country ranks 40th out of 59 African countries and 159th out of 176 countries according to the Transparency International 2O16 ranking. In addition, the 2016 Mo Ibrahim index, which assesses governance, ranks the country 51st out of 54 countries. In his report, "Chad S.A", the NGO SWISSAID, clearly castigates the patrimonial management of oil revenues. The country has garnered more than $ 13 billion in oil revenues since 2003. Yet, 50% of the population still lives below the poverty line. The reason is that "Deby would have made Chad a true family S.A."

Chad became the "Déby S.A."

         Finally, Chad is one of the countries where the business climate remains the most hostile in Africa, thus discouraging entrepreneurship. The Doing Business 2017 Index credits the country 48th out of 53 African countries, while according to the Fraser Institute's Economic Freedom Index, Chad is ranked among the 11 countries on the continent that repress economic freedom. If Chad is a failing state, how then explain the enthusiasm of the Western partners who continue to bet on the soldier-Deby?

The West needs the soldier  Idriss Déby!

         The strong infatuation of donors is explained by the importance that Chad represents in their security and power projection device. Thus, as part of the fight against terrorism, Chad is at the forefront with its contingents in Mali, Nigeria and Cameroon. In addition, about 3,000 Chadian soldiers are expected to participate in the G5 Sahel force, 5,000 are engaged in the Multinational Joint Task Force (M.N.J.T.F.) in the fight against the Boko Haram sect. 1150 operate in Mali within the framework of MI.N.U.S.M.A.. The country has also intervened in the Central African Republic as part of peacekeeping operations.

Strategic ally in the fight against terrorism and immigration.

        
These soldiers who should be used to ensure the safety of the people have become, in a way, a means of blackmail and exchange to drain donations and funding. President Idriss Déby Itno demonstrated this during his interview with the journalists of Radio France Internationale, on the "International" show, threatening to withdraw his forces in the fight against terrorism, if his Western partners did not come to him. help. The strong mobilization for the financing of this P.N.D. therefore responds to the logic of preserving a strategic ally in the fight against terrorism.
         As regards the fight against illegal immigration, Chad is one of the transit countries of migrants. Cooperation with France in the context of securing borders to fight against migrants is under way. Migrant sorting centers (hotspots) are envisaged as part of this cooperation. The country therefore benefits from a rent linked to its geographical position. To get funding, he agrees to do the thankless work.

Strategic subcontracting against bad governance and economic malpractices.

         At the military-strategic level, many initiatives are based on the country's positioning. The operational command of the Barkhane Force, the Headquarters of the Multinational Joint Task Force of the L.C.B.C., is in Chad. The country is part of the U.S. anti-terrorism (T.S.C.T.P.), it houses a French base of projection and attack that are advanced positions for indirect control of the country. Chad therefore provides strategic outsourcing to the Powers while sacrificing the supreme interests of the Chadian people. The country will offer its services to these powers, in return, we will close our eyes to the abuses, financial and economic malpractices. The big loser in this haggling is the Chadian people.
         In short, the N.D.P. can only benefit the Chadian people if the donors make funding conditional on true democratization and good governance. Otherwise, the funding will only strengthen President Déby's hold on the country by giving him even more means to enslave his people.
___________________________________________

Alfred Ndegoto, Chadian researcher. Article published in collaboration with Libre Afrique, published in Info-Afrique on October 2, 2017

lundi 6 novembre 2017

PUBLICATION OF THE FIRST BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF AFRICAN.



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         These personalities are not only bridges between generations, but are true lighthouses for future generations. When they are not lighthouses, they shine in the sky like stars that brighten the monotony of the time they live. Sometimes they pass very quickly like comets that mark history or shooting stars that see a minority of observers.Whether they attract our sympathy or arouse the antipathy of the majority of us, they become our benchmarks or references.
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samedi 4 novembre 2017

The Chimeric vaccine "curative" against V.I.H./.S.I.D.A. of Drs Lurhuma Zirimwabagabo André (R.D.C.) and Daniel Zagury Shawfik (Egypt).



Lurhuma André: Ordinary youth, classical training.

        
Born at Bukavu in the province of South Kivu, he attended primary and secondary school in this town. With a scholarship, he obtained a doctorate in medicine at the Catholic University of Louvain and specializes in Immunology. He becomes a professor at the University of Kinshasa. First Zairian immunologist, he became head of department of internal medicine, then director of University Clinics of Kinshasa. He conducts research on Trypanosomiasis, Tuberculosis, Malaria and especially Cancer. As soon as V.I.H./S.I.D.A appeared in Kinshasa in 1983, he developed a rapid test to detect H.I.V. in H.I.V.-positive people.

The mirage of the healing vaccine "Mubarak / Mobutu 1"

         Dr. Daniel Zagury Shawfik, Egyptian doctor, professor at the University Marie Curie of Paris was a friend of the American professor Robert Charles Gallo with whom he had written his thesis in immuno-virology between 1987 and 1990.
         A few months later the Congolese musician Luambo Makiadi "Franco" released in collaboration with Sam Mangwana, the song "Attention na S.I.D.A" which challenges the African and World Society. Alas, he was a victim of this pandemic on October 12, 1989.
         In December 1994, Dr. Zagury met in Kinshasa, Dr. André Lurhuma Zirimwabagabo, professor at University Clinics in Kinshasa and director of the Center for Medical Research. He suggests that he prepare together a preventive vaccine against V.I.H./S.I.D.A. But Zairian begins with research on a curative vaccine. They go to the hospital to take blood samples from the H.I.V. on two affected patients. The Egyptian reports them to the Parisian laboratory. He separates white blood cells that he processes with formaldehyde to inactivate the A.I.D.S. virus. The first A.I.D.S. vaccine was born according to Zagury. He returns the inactivated virus to Dr. Zirimwabagabo L. who obtains permission from the Department of Health to inject this inactivated virus into two patients.
         Dr. Z. Lurhuma reassures Dr. Zagury Shawfik, "All is well, one of the two patients even left the hospital to go to work."

"A news of a nature to overthrow Africa and the world".

         The next day, Zairian immunizes eight other patients whose results will never be known. This does not prevent Dr. Zirimwabagabo from moving to the manufacture of a vaccine candidate by inserting the gene that encodes the V.I.H. envelope protein (called GP160) plays a determining role in cell infection, because it allows the virus to bind to the target cell receptors, an essential step for the virus to enter the cells and multiply there. The genetic construction is carried out in the United States by Dr. Bernard Moos, of the National Institutes of Health (N.I.H.) and addressed to Zagury. This is a classic method that pose in scientific arguments.
         Dr. Zagury, who is H.I.V.-negative, agrees to receive this preventive vaccine. Thirty days after being injected by this vaccine candidate, he produced neutralizing antibodies. Several other public health doctors, as well as patients, had agreed to receive the vaccine candidate. Apart from this experience, he decided to continue the experiments in Zaire.

A fatal ethical omission and a "scientifically" unacceptable secret!

        
In 1987, the journal "Nature" presents his results, including his own immunization and data obtained in Zaire.
         In the presentation of his data, Dr. Zagury fails to mention that tests were carried out in Zaire in nine children aged two to twelve whose fathers died from S.I.D.A. and the mothers were infected by the V.I.H .. To justify himself, he claims that he got the green light from the Zairian Ethics Committee! Which committee? What scientific ethics?
         As soon as he learns, Dr Bernard Moos, of the American Health Authorities (N.I.H.) who carried out the vaccine construction and provided significant quantities to Dr. Shawfik Zagury is quick to point out that he produced them for animal experiments and not for human trials. Especially since Dr. Lurhuma had just claimed that the virus H.I.V. was mainly transmitted to contacts of foreign persons or abroad. One of his great wrongs was to absolutely keep secret the formula of his remedy at the moment when all the pharmaceutical companies are riveted on the Pandemic!
         In the United States, critics become harsh and even violent. The Mobutu regime is at the bottom of the scale and this fake vaccine affair gives the American press the opportunity to make fun of Zaire. He becomes virtually the author of a bad hoax of which he is accustomed. The "Wall Street Journal" writes, "It's like a brave B-movie, but it pays nothing."
In December 1988, the "Los Angeles Times" speaks squarely of fraud of which Dr. Lurhuma is entirely guilty. In Paris, the newspaper "Le Monde" title on "The dangers of wild trials".
         In the scientific community, opinions are divided. It is obvious that this pioneering work, carried out in a country with no expertise in the field of clinical studies and with a vaccine whose qualification is far from meeting international standards, poses problems of medical ethics.

"If A.I.D.S. existed, Bomboko ** would already be dead, is not it, doctor?" then joking Mobutu!

         Furious at the American reaction, President Mobutu, who had helped finance Professor Lurhuma's work and hoped to gain some prestige, would have ordered seropositive soldiers to vaccinate themselves at M.M.1. and serve as guinea pigs. No scientific journal had the courage to follow the results.
         Despite the harsh criticism of the American Press, Dr. Daniel Zagury Shawfik was the star of the third conference on the V.I.H./S.I.D.A. in Washington in June 1987. In the evening of November 1987, at the Zaire Trade Center (C.C.I.Z.), Dr. Lurhuma and Zagury were welcomed as heroes. Dr. Lurhuma spoke first: "We have just developed a treatment for S.I.D.A. called Mr.M.1, from the names of our two respective heads of state, Mr. Mobutu and Mr. Mubarak. The results of the first tests allow us to hope that an inexpensive remedy will be quickly put on the market ".

         Four years later in 1991, at the Saint-Antoine hospital in Paris, three patients with S.I.D.A. in the terminal phase have died following the injection of a vaccine virus preparation given by Dr. Zagury. Meanwhile, Mobutu offers Dr. Lurhuma a beautiful villa at Mandariniers Avenue 4, at Kinshasa/Gombe, as a reward for his "brilliant" discovery.

From the formal prohibition of the vaccine to the stigma of its authors!

        
Professor Luc Antoine Montagnier, discoverer of S.I.D.A. in 1983, wrote: "The administration of preparations containing potentially infectious vaccinia virus to seropositive subjects should be suspended", vaccinia is a dangerous virus in immunocompromised individuals. In 1992, the doctor  Zagury is found not guilty by France.
         In Kinshasa, the vaccine that took the name of Mobutu-Mubarak 1 (M.M.1.) becomes a subject of mockery. The two doctors Egyptian and Zairian become subject of taunt. A very popular French beer then in Kinshasa brand "Castel" is translated by: "C
ure anti AIDS Tested and Experienced by Lurhuma". The episode of M.M.1. was a snub for Mobutu until his death in September 1997. While denying the existence of A.I.D.S., he had to deplore the death of A.I.D.S. of his eldest son Niwa Mobutu Jean-Paul in September 16 1994. His younger son Kongulu Mobutu, also dead of A.I.D.S., followed him on  September, 24, 1998.
         Become the laughingstock of Radio-Sidewalk in Kinshasa, Dr. André Zirimwabagabo Lurhuma died unexpectedly in Kinshasa on June 1, 1995. A foundation that bears his name, created in 1996 by his friend, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs
, Mushobekwa Kalimba wa Katana (1943-2004) in Kinshasa is administered by his son Patrick Lurhuma ... while the Catholic University of Bukavu (U.C.B.) created in November 1989 in Karhale has quickly erase his name from the medical laboratory that had once worn him proudly.
---------------------------------
** Justin-Marie Bomboko Lokumba Iselenge (1928-2014), Congolese politician, hot rabbit, occupied almost all prestigious positions in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 1960.

Filmography:
-NGANGURA Mweze (ex D.), MM1 and the AIDS VACCINE. the discovery of MM1 by Dr. Lurhuma of the University of Kinshasa, Documentary.
Haut du formulaire


jeudi 5 octobre 2017

Democratic Republic of Congo: What rationality behind the refusal to leave power?

 
The topical issue that is corroding the minds of the Congolese population and the Euro-American lobbies is why Kabila and the tenors of the regime want to retain power and refuse any proposal that would force them to yield power. The justifications are many and deserve attention.

Explanation 1: A.F.D.L. regime = military regime.

         In my opinion, the first explanation that justifies the suicidal attitude of Kabila and all those around him is the military character of the A.F.D.L. regime. Indeed, when the A.F.D.L. came to power in 1997, it conquered power by force of arms and not by democratic means. In essence, this "liberation" is based on a power that is defined as military and which, progressively and cleverly, will be structured around the control of the army, the police, the security services, democratic institutions (Senate, National and Provincial Assemblies, Justice and C.E.N.I.), the international community, of corruption as the only means of reward those who animate and protect the regime, the impunity and immunity that tetanizes the entire judicial system of the country, voluntarily transforming this space into Far-West without Sheriff and a false promise to reform the institutions and democratize the diet. The “Afdelian power” has never been a civil power or sought to become one. And contrary to the false impressions of a desire to "civilize" through truncated elections, the reforms military, police, security services, the justice, etc., the Afdelian power has cleverly hidden complicity of the Euro-American lobbies, its permanent refusal to promote a civil power as an alternative to its military power. Moreover, in the deep world of the Afdelian power, the slogan remains: "tozuaki yango na mbuma, bakozua yango na buma", we mean "we have conquered it by the force of cannon; we shall only be taken back by the force of the cannon. " Dreamers are all those who, both national and foreign, speak of "the peaceful transition of
governance "in this context!

Explanation 2: fear of losing everythin.g

         The second explanation for the refusal to leave power is the protection of the fortunes accumulated by the regime's tenors during the 18 years of power. Leaving power; is to put at risk the assets accumulated during these years of reign. This is not only true for the President and his family. This situation is also of concern to all those around him who came to power
empty hands and leave the pockets full to the detriment of
the whole nation. Fear of the revival of the Office of poory acquired goods (O.B.E.M.A.). is real as if to say that it does not happen to others. This undoubtedly explains all the debates on the guarantees to be offered to the current President and his the protection of all such property. To this fear of being dispossessed of all its assets, one must add the permanent anxiety caused by future investigations that mark this disrespectful power of human rights. In this world where victims know their rights and can beat for several years for justice to be done, the parliamentary immunities are very weak in the face of the criminal law.
        
Like yesterday, in the time of Mobutu, during his last moments of power, the nights of those who have to leave power are haunted
by the shadows of odious crimes against humanity, numerous illicit trafficking in weapons and raw materials, ignoble assassinations of journalists and other human rights activists, unacceptable acts of corruption, embezzlement, rape, desecrates the life-giving woman of our future generations, etc. It is also at this particular moment that the victims of numerous atrocities and justice restore faces to the many affairs that have enamelled these tumultuous years in power.
        
The nights of the last days in power are nights nightmares haunted by faces and other groans that have the names: Chebeya, Bazana, Franck Ngykie and his wife, Bapua Muamba, Serge Maheshe, Didas Namujimbo, Munzihirwa, Kataliko, Mbuja Mabe, Mamadou Ndala, Bahuma, Boteti, Tungulu, victims of Operation Likofi, heroes and heroines from 16 February 1992, from 19 to 21 January 2015, Beni, Butembo, Kasai, Kongo Central, Upper Katanga and many others.

Explanation 3: Anger against sponsors of all kinds and
all origins.

         The effort at this stage of this reflection is to do as
theater: entering the heads of those who must abandon everything in order to living a new life where no one clearly determines the
contours. In all the speeches of the moment, those who leave
the power to read only hypothetical titles: "Father of democracy", "being rare and appearing only every 25 years", "status of old political sage like Mandela and so many others", "parliamentary immunities" ; "There is a life after the presidency", etc.
         But in all these beautiful speeches, no one defines, with precision, the outlines of this life. No one tells you that this life resembles that after the death of a Christian. Indeed, heaven as political life settled after the mandate are dependent on the life we ​​have led here or during our mandate at the head of the State! Heaven is like a peaceful end of mandate! Who can leave 18 years of juicy power with only guarantees of the false metaphors of those to whom one has delivered his country and sacrificed all his youth?
         At the end of this reign, there is an aftertaste of treason, abandonment and desire for vengeance. There is a refusal to die alone because it is together that we have governed without elegance, and it is together that without elegance we will leave this power. He acceded to a single refusal to carry the cross of a facade democracy to the service of the external predatory powers and who had progres- sively erected him as a strong man instead of helping him to build a democracy that respected humanity and built on strong institutions.
         Finally, on leaving this regime, there is a desire to sanction all this hypocrisy through an act of suicide which, like a piece of domino will bring down others and will unveil to the future marionnettes in quest of power, the mistake that accompanies this democracy of facade that creates slave leaders and throw them in the trash like oranges sucked up to their last drop of juice. At the end of each reign of dupes, the Euro-American lobbies have good back. All are playing the innocent and demanding of the battered people of this land to get rid of the new leader who they brought to power by manipulation and electoral fraud.

Explanation 4: Fear of Exile.

          Today, yesterday, the exile at the end of the reign, becomes hypothetical especially on African, Euro-American and tomorrow earth wherever Congolese Diaspora will certainly mobilize as the Jews do against Nazi criminals throughout the world, to track down members of this predatory regime and to bring them before national and international courts and tribunals. The world is no longer the same and the right to political exile meets an ethic of respect for humanity that the global world puts in place for all and everywhere.
          No state today wants to house ex-leaders of a regime, responsible for more than six million dead in their country! The actors of civil society in this state will not allow it in the name of the principle more than ever operational of the solidarity of the victims of violence and other injustices throughout the world. No state wants to lose economic privileges in a partner country by protecting ex-leaders to whom these nations blame criminal justice claims. Clearly, margins of maneuver are narrowing for asylum seekers political at the end of the facade democracy. They will be treated like the dictators of yesterday, they to whom we have nevertheless worn the robe of democrats.

Explanation 5: leaders end mandates between the hammer and the anvil.

          For all observers of the Congolese political scene and for the Congolese people, it is difficult to imagine how any of the scenarios of the slip, concocted to date, could offer a new mandate to President Kabila. All believe that the preservation of power will not bring anything solid. On the contrary, it will trigger a violent chain reaction of abuse, a spiral of protests and violent repression throughout the country. It will give the outgoing president the image of a man who will have planned and executed the intensification of brutality against the population. The current President should not rely on the impression of power and control the situation that many known and opportunistic thrifrists are trying to give to convince him to deride. In reality, all these discourses and stratagems offer only a hypothetical margin of maneuver. As in the past, the fox lives only at the expense of the listener. And at the end of his reign, what could be more profitable than the profession of courtiers? And as always, such flies, all these foxes are the first to leave the ship in case of shipwreck. Follow my look! Today there is no longer any doubt. A broad consensus has emerged in the country and within the community of nations to consider that a third official presidential mandate is constitutionally impossible! The current president has no choice. He must pass the hand because any refusal on his part would only his person and those of his entourage; but especially the predatory neocolonial system that governs this space.
         The Euro-American lobbies that have sponsored him so far will not allow him to put the system in danger through an uprising of this unpredictable people whose uncertainties they do not know. This explains the pressures of all kinds that are exerting on the current president and his entourage. The cunning politicians of the current regime who, within its majority, have understood, turn, without making noise and each in his own way, towards his own political future. Is it not so to understand the numerous political declarations of others? When speeches in the living room are becoming more and more different from public speeches, treason is not often very close! For Kabila and all his clan, it is necessary to leave power and tomorrow will depend on how one leaves this power: by a resignation, a coup d'état palace or a popular uprising? In the present context and after all these unfortunate attempts at slippage, only the official announcement of his wish not to run for a third term would be an act of political courage. Indeed, his transparency as regards his refusal to run for a third term will be favorably received by the Congolese people and will help to safeguard the semblance of stability that the country is experiencing.
         He could thus count on the clemency of the justice and the Congolese people and on the possible support of a successor well disposed towards him. But it is unrealistic to think that one can leave power today, and have immunities of the penal order. Rule of law obliges! And as the President himself affirmed at the opening of the conference for peace in Kasai: "there is no peace without justice". So the souls of all these victims of institutional violence of these 20 years of rule A.F.D.L. will never rest in peace if justice is not done!
-------------------- -------------------------------------------------- ------------- *Pr. Thierry Nlandu Mayamba, article published in "Le Phare" of 29 September 2017.

vendredi 29 septembre 2017

Syria: First Arab astronaut Mohammed Faris is a refugee in Turkey!

 
Mohammed Faris is a national hero in Syria.

         Streets, schools and airports bear his name as national hero in Syria. Yet he left Syria and lives in exile in Turkey and has turned into a political opponent of the al-Assad regime "with words, not arms."
          In 1987, he was the first Arab professional cosmonaut to go into space. Today, and while the war has raged for nearly five years in Syria, the one who was the pride of his country no longer lives there. At 64, the former cosmonaut must "face one of the most challenging challenges of his busy life, during which he played the roles of fighter pilot, cosmonaut, military advisor to the regime of el -Assad, "writes The Guardian.
        
Mohammed Faris left Syria - where streets, schools and airports bear his name - to exile in Turkey, from which he militates against the government al-Assad, "with words, not arms."
        
Born on May 26, 1951. Two years before he flew to space, he was one of four young Syrians selected to join the Russian training program devoted to the allies of the Soviet Union, Interkosmos. At that time, the Syrian-Russian ties were very strong: the U.S.S.R. had supported the coup of Hafez al-Assad, the father of Bashar al-Assad, in 1970. In exchange, the Soviets were allowed to establish a naval base at Tarous, which still belongs to Russia today. As a colonel in the Syrian army, he was chosen as a cosmonaut on September 30, 1985.  On board the Soyuz TM-3, he made a single flight on July 22, 1987 as an experimenter spending 7 days, 23 hours and 5 minutes in space. After his flight, he returned to the Air Force. Married, he lives with his three children in Aleppo.

The whole world through his window.

         Among the four Syrians selected to be able to go into space, Mohammed Faris was the only one to be Sunni, a religious group "that represents more than 80% of the population of the country and that poses a threat to the regime", which is Shiite confession, according to The Guardian. Despite the reluctance of the delegation dispatched from Syria "to help the Russians choose their man", it is Mohammed Faris who will join Mir station to take pictures and scientific experiments with Russian colleagues in July 1987:
"These seven days, twenty-three hours and five minutes have upset my life," he told the Guardian. When we see the whole world through its window, there is no more "us" or "them", "no more politics. "

First Time Protestant

         Upon his return from mission, Mohammed Faris plans to create a Syrian institute devoted to science and space but the president of the time opposes a "non-categorical". Instead, he is promoted to teaching at a university that trains the Air Force:
"Hafez el-Assad wanted to keep his people in ignorance and divided, with a limited understanding of things," recalls the former cosmonaut. That's how dictators stay in place. The vision that such an institute could have given to people was dangerous. "
        
At the death of Hafez al-Assad, Mohammed Faris was one of the first to meet his successor, Bashar al-Assad. "Like his father, Bashar was an enemy of the people," he said. He became a military adviser until civil war broke out in 2011. Despite the threats of the regime's supporters, he joined the peaceful ranks of the early protesters with his wife.

"The Russians are assassins"

        
Then came the violence, growing ... Mohammed Faris watches, helplessly, his pupils join the military forces of the regime. He plans to escape with his wife and three children. But, not anywhere. His former colleagues and Russian friends offered him their help, but the idea of exile in Russia disgusts him:
"Putin has nothing to do with the U.S.S.R.. Russians are assassins, criminals who support other criminals. They have the blood of more than 2,000 civilians on their hands. "
        
Nor are the asylum proposals in Europe suitable. He is persuaded that they are motivated by political intent. "They did not intervene when they were needed, and they are opposed to my ideals so I could not live there," he says. At the Associated Press, he also said: "If Europe does not want refugees, then they must help us get rid of this regime."

mardi 12 septembre 2017

Democratic Republic of the Congo: * "Métis Republic" *



Kikaya Bin Karubi, which fly stung him ?

         For those who, like me, have known him since he was a talented member of the South African Broadcasting Corporation (S.A.B.C.) microphone in Johannesburg, and have followed him closely in his various posts - ambassador, minister, private secretary of Joseph Kabila and henceforth his very close adviser on diplomatic matters - two words spoken in an interview at the "World" have the effect of a cold shower. The danger facing the Democratic Republic of the Congo, if the opposition prevailed, would thus be to become a "Métis Republic", a clear allusion to the phenotypical mixing of some of the leaders of the Anti-Kabila Rally: Moses Katumbi, Sindika Dokolo, Olivier Kamitatu, José Endundo ...
        
Our friend "Kiki", a distinguished Boston university graduate, father of a former 400-meter continental champion, a specialist in English literature and multicultural at heart, identity to his native Maniema to the point of becoming "racist," as the social networks now accuse? he came to Young Africa on September 5, 2017 to explain - and the remedy was worse than the evil. His excuses "to all those whom this little phrase has frustrated", broadcast on our site youngafrique.com, accompanied by ethno-sociological considerations and a "it was just a spicy little pike" have only revived the controversy to Internet users. Tweet from Kamitatu: "Just a platform for a racist who assumes. "
         For an opposition that, for a long time and part still today, did not deprive itself of surfing the xenophobic wave and of castigating "Kabila the Rwandan", the opportunity to offer a scalp was too beautiful. Especially since, all with his "spicy" salutation, Kikaya Bin Karubi did not realize that he was also shooting on his own side. Kengo wa Dondo, president of the Senate and second personage of the State, was born Léon Lubicz, son of Polish immigrant. And the first lady herself, Olive Lembe Kabila, is a quarteron.

Responsibility positions

         Still, if suggesting that a Métis clan is about to preempt the DR Congo is at least a reprehensible slippage, to note the overrepresentation of Métis personalities at the head of the Rally of the opposition is obvious. An obvious (and a taboo) quite explainable besides.
        
Forming a readily elite community, if not elitist, "educated", as it was called at the time, globalized and with a strong tendency to lived between oneself, for a long time confined to business, the "Creoles" of the Congo, like those of Central Africa, naturally occupy positions of responsibility when they engage in politics. In a country such as Angola, where the mestiços have made the opposite path - to the political leadership at the head of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (M.P.L.A.) before independence, become symbols of the petro-tropical oligarchy - rejection reactions. Mid-real, half-fantasized, this caesura has always been the business of Jonas Savimbi and U.N.I.T.A..

Being a Métis is as much (if not more) a handicap than an asset.

        
Africa is not a world of Bisounours. Relations between races, ethnic groups and communities are often harsh, even if it is not appropriate to say so. Karim Wade knows, Moses Katumbi also: being a half-breed is as much (if not more) a handicap than an asset when you are seeking the supreme magistracy. Only so far, Ghanaian Jerry Rawlings and Botswana's Ian Khama have succeeded.
Not white enough, not black enough.
        
Envied, often jealous when they succeed, victims of ambiguous clichés (frivolous women, superiority complex, "off-shore" mentality), the mestizos of Africa are far from all privileged. It is enough to make a tour in the suburbs "colored" of Johannesburg or the Cape to realize it. Not enough white under apartheid, not black enough under the ANC, the 5 million South African half-breeds - 9% of the population - hardly lived their marginalization in ghettos plagued by gangs and drug trafficking. And they do not deprive themselves of saying it.

The DR Congo does not need polemics as polluting as that.

         Is Kikaya Bin Karubi "racist"? No. (Very) awkward, inopportune? Certainly. All those opponents who denounce the Republic of the Katangese, the Republic of the Dioulas, the Republic of the Betis, the Peul peril, the Kikuyu power, Zaghawa dictatorship "or the Zulu's control over the A.N.C.. Above all, the D.R. Congo does not need polemics as polluting as this one.
        
For, as everyone knows, his real problems are elsewhere. If Joseph Kabila repeats to some of the few confidants that he will never leave power in the hands of Moses Katumbi is not because the latter was born of a Congolese mother and a Greek father. It was because he believed that he had betrayed him and that, consequently, if he had acceded to the presidency, he would pursue him from his vengeance to the bottom of his Kingakati farm.
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 *Article by François Soudan, editor of Jeune Afrique, published on September 11, 2017.

samedi 25 mars 2017

Switzerland, that little poor …and rich country!

 
A rough economic paradox!

         The economy of the Swiss Confederation lives a rough paradox. On the one hand, its health is striking: thanks to the competitiveness of its pharmaceutical industry, watchmaking, commodity trading and financial services, the Swiss National Bank's (B.N.S.) foreign exchange reserves are equivalent to The gross domestic product of Switzerland. Who says better ?
        
On the other hand, the Swiss franc is too strong and penalizes other sectors. The end of banking secrecy inexorably reduces the attractiveness of local banking institutions and forces them to squeeze their numbers and freeze wages. The announced growth rate for 2017 could reach 1.5%. As in 2016. It is not really the frank recovery that would erase the years of crisis and stagnation lived since 2009.

Immigrants and domestic consumption.

         In Switzerland, immigrants account for a quarter of the growth in consumption. Another threat: Switzerland does not have enough immigrants, which goes against the Swiss common sense. Credit Suisse Bank experts have developed five immigration scenarios, and in all cases labor force growth will be stalled in 2020 because immigrant arrivals are falling. These contribute to a quarter of the growth in consumption, and the growth of the country will be affected.

What about major international organizations?

         Add to these dark clouds the fact that the protectionism expected of the "America First" of Donald Trump and Theresa May's Brexit does not announce anything good for the world economy. Very hostile to multilateralism, does the U.S. president risk jeopardizing one of the pillars of globalization based in Geneva, the World Trade Organization (W.T.O.)?
        
Not to mention the United Nations, which has an office on the ground, and the plethora of international organizations which have flourished on the shores of Lake Geneva and which could suffer from the return of each nationalist for itself: International Labor Organization, World Health Organization, the International Telecommunication Union, etc..
        
The populist outbreaks of the National Front in France, of the A.f.D. in Germany or the Freedom Party in the Netherlands confirm the renewed identity reflexes on the Old Continent too, which does not bode well for a nation devoted to commercial and financial free trade.

Focus on Africa?

         What to do in the short term? Looking to lower the franc? The United States, which has already placed Switzerland on its list of countries suspected of manipulating their currency, could take retaliatory action at the instigation of their fiery president. Reforming corporate taxation, as requested by the international community? The Swiss have just said "no" by referendum. Back on the anti-migratory measures adopted in 2014? Random.
        
Perhaps salvation would consist in putting more vigorously on Africa. For a long time, this continent, far from international trade, in which it weighs only 3% or 4%, is returning to the world game, not only because of its raw materials. It offers tremendous opportunities both in terms of health, finance, tourism, trading, agri-food industries and business services, where Switzerland excels.

Poor little Switzerland, rich and anxious!

         While awaiting this new impetus, the Confederation is condemned to take the back burner. At the very most, it can be argued today that the Brexit will have limited effects ... In 2017, its franc will remain strong, its wages will hardly increase, its inflation rate will return positive and its exports will continue to prosper.
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*Article by Alain Faujas, specialist in global macroeconomics, published in Jeune Afrique on 23 March 2017.

dimanche 5 mars 2017

Mozambique: The fabulous story of Rosita, the girl born in the tree!

 
Born by chance anywhere ...!

         The Frenchman Maxime Forestier sings "that one is born somewhere, that one does not choose his place of birth, Are the people born equal in law, in the place. To be born somewhere for the one who is born is always a chance ... ".

The mystery of our birth!

         There are children who are born in unusual places, such as in the sky at ten thousand meters or in the open sea, in a field of potatoes under a volcano or on a pebble or in the middle of a desert in a miserable camp of refugees. The essential thing is to survive this extraordinary birth.

The Folivora or the Lazy and her acrobatic childbirth!

         Among the mammals that give birth as our mothers is an animal whose delivery is spectacular and original: the Lazy or Folivora. Its body is original as it has only two long grids on each leg and its mouth has only 18 teeth. Its lower metabolism than other mammals gives it a temperature varying between 23 and 32 ° C. He lives, hanging in his tree sometimes upside down. He moves so cautiously that he is rightly called "Lazy."
         It is therefore normal that his childbirth is so spectacular that observing it one says that God has afflicted him of the evils that to avoid to humans. Aside from the pains of childbirth, she gives birth hung on her branch of tree and must be very careful to recover her baby with the free arm with this slowness characteristic of all her gestures.
         When one witnesses this birth, one is seized with terror by imagining that an unfortunate sound of wind or the break of its branch can be worth a deadly fall to its baby. Such acrobatics for a mother exhausted by pain is a true miracle of nature!
For the chameleon mother climbs to the top of a shrub to give birth. When its baby falls to the ground, her exhausted mother falls dead again a moment later! There is no miracle for her.

The seasonal deluge of Mozambique.

         This year 2017, Mozambique's extreme southern Malawi are as every astral summer, drowned under water. This year tropical cyclone Dineo has caused more than 55 wounded and more than 650,000 victims on the southern coast of Mozambique. More than 20,000 houses were destroyed by strong winds and precipitation. The flooding of rivers is on a scale that young Mozambicans have never seen. Floods in Mozambique are so sudden that people do not have time to escape the flood. They are obliged to cling to and perch on the trees.

An image erases apartheid from my head on March 1, 2000.

        
This day, I quietly watch the African news at Télévision Suisse Romande. It shows images of the floods in Mozambique. A parturient had taken refuge with 14 members of her family to escape the rising waters that submerged southern Mozambique. The poor woman stuck in a branch of a small tree, gives birth acrobatically. The swirling waters of muddy waters prevent rescue workers from helping her from the ground. She has just given birth as a "lazy" mum, the animal that I speaks to you at the beginning of this article. Unheard of in my life. I am seized with terror and swim amidst wonder and admiration of the courage for this mother! How can God let this produce such an accident? If he wished to give a lesson of his power to man, it was successful! Meanwhile, white South African rescuers come by helicopter take the baby wrapped in an old loincloth and take it out of danger. I turn off the television, I was afraid to see the sequel. A miracle had just happened in the eyes of all mankind. South African apartheid has just been erased from my head. These whites in uniform who usually shoot without a soul at the Mozambican immigrants in South Africa had just boldly saved a little black girl!
         They were all of a sudden, to show a humanity, exemplary "African Ubuntu"! For me, these two rescuers had just erased racial discrimination forever in southern Africa. The whites of southern Africa were members of an African tribe like the Zulu, the Xhosas,  the Khoisans or the Khoi-Khoi. Moreover, this birth and rescue trigger an unprecedented humanitarian aid campaign for thousands of victims of the disaster.

Rosina Manguingo "The girl born in the tree".

         After clinging to the branches for three days, the mother, Carolina Chirindza, known at the time as Sofia Pedro, felt the first contractions. Her mother-in-law had then collected the baby in a "capulana", a loincloth, to prevent it from falling into muddy waters and crocodile infested. South African rescuers arrived by helicopter just after the baby was expelled. She is known only as "the girl born in the tree"
. Rosita Mabuiango was born 17 years ago, perched on a branch above the flood waters of the Limpopo, infested with crocodiles, during the deadliest floods of the astral 2000.Today, the young woman born on the 1st March 2000 is reluctant to evoke this celebrity.
         "I'm normal,"
she told the AFP reporter who had been watching her helicopter from an aircraft of the South African armed forces. "I'm just born in a somewhat original way," she smiled shyly.
"I think it was God who decided to give me birth like that,"
she said timidly, sitting in the cream sofa of her godmother's salon in a neighborhood of the capital Maputo.
         The miracle is named Rosita, as her mother-in-law and improvised midwife. "I was not prepared for this, but that's what God wanted,"
says Carolina Chirindza, the pious mother in front of her house in Chibuto, about 300 kilometers northeast of Maputo. "Yes, it changed my life, because today I have a home and I have work," she continues.
Soon 40, she lives in a house offered to her family by the municipality of Chibuto, who also hired her as a housekeeper.
         A fair return of things, she suggests, both her acrobatic childbirth has mediated the distress of the victims of the floods - which have caused nearly 800 deaths. Mozambique's international donors raised some $ 450 million in international aid at a donors' conference in Rome in May 2000.
         The mother had even been received with her four-month-old daughter at the Congress in Washington to plead the cause of the refugees.
"Rosita is our local glory, her birth brought us a national and international celebrity. We have visitors who come here to see her, "
explains Joao Adriano, who lives in the nearby village of Chimundo. "Even the bus stop near his house was renamed his name", he adds with a smile.
         Seventeen years later, Rosita is relieved that she is no longer the center of attention. Only a small plate screwed into the trunk of the mahogany where she was born, about ten kilometers from Chibuto, comes to remind the curious that it was the setting for an extraordinary birth.

A fabulous destiny?

         This sudden celebrity and the many gifts that accompanied it have caused friction within the family.
Especially with the father of Rosita, Salvador Mabuiango, separated from the mother after a dark history of resale of land. He had also sold some of the furniture to buy alcohol. Justice has since deprived him of his parental rights.
         Far from all that, the young woman now wants to concentrate on her studies. She wants to be a petrochemical engineer, a probably wise choice after the recent discovery of large off-shore gas reserves along the coast of Mozambique.
         When she does not repeat her lessons, Rosita Mabuiango plays football on the team of her Catholic school. A passion she says of her brother Benedito, who spent four days in the tree where she was born, tied to her mother's back.

An alcoholic father, an aunt chosen by the minister ...

         During the school year, Rosita lives in Maputo with her godmother. She, Ruth Valera, has earned a reputation as a fashion model and fashion designer, but this 49-year-old woman is not actually part of the Rosita's family: it was a minister who asked her to take the "daughter of the tree"
under her protection, three weeks after her birth.
"It was amazing, I did not even know if it was a boy or a girl,"
recalls Mrs. Valera. "It was a choice of God, surely."
         The improbable godmother took her role very seriously and watched gradually the education and life of her goddaughter. "When you have to lecture her or tell her to spend less time on her cell phone," she says, "I do it."