samedi 3 décembre 2016

France: The Beninese Sister Louise-Marie de-Sainte-Thérèse, adulterine daughter of King Louis XIV.

 
The King Sun, Louis XIV cocufied by his wife, queen Marie-Thérèse!

         At the court of King Louis XIV, manners were so relaxed that the most beautiful stories always revolved around sexual relations between men and women. Only those which came from the reports of the Sun King were secrets for no one. The courtiers were eager to surround the elected with a certain respect borrowed from jealousy. Maria Theresa of Austria, the Infante of Spain, Infante of Portugal, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of France, wife of King Louis XI since June 9, 1660, was respected for her uprightness and devotion. Had she not married her first cousin on the recommendation of Cardinal Mazarin? But alas for the French monarch, she was not a woman of the world. She was good to give heirs to the throne of France. Small, timid and judged foolish, greedy, disgraceful and bigoted, she was quickly abandoned by her husband who hastened to deceive her with many favorites. Conscientious husband, Louis XIV and she gave birth to six children in ten years. The elder Louis, the great dauphin, filled Louis XIV with happiness.

Scandal at the court, the birth of the "Mauresse de Moret".

        
On November 16, 1664, Queen Marie-Thérèse gave birth to a Metis. Felix, the surgeon of the queen, assisted him in his work. At their side, the Abbot de Gordes, now Bishop of Langres, his first chaplain, accompanied them with his prayers. At the sight of the baby, Felix, the doctor could not believe his eyes. The child had the color chocolate, probably due to the immoderate love of the queen for chocolate. When the Abbé de Gordes approached the baby to bless him, he became uneasy. He had to be supported. Worse still, like breathless or stupefied, he faints from affliction. While the courtiers were jostling to be sure of seeing the little black ball, the Prince de Conde burst out laughing and exclaimed: "My God, but he is black! Does not he look like a little Moor? ". Voltaire, who later visited him at the Convent of the Benedictines of Notre Dame-des-Anges, at Moret. Wrote in "The Century of Louis XIV," that she was very tight and besides resembled her.

Louis XVI orders an inquiry!

         A great silence ensued when the king finally came to the bedside of his wife and daughter. In presence of some ladies of the entourage of the queen, his surgeon and confessor, whom the salts had brought back to him. The time had come to provide joking pretexts but explanations. In a tasty mixture of Castilian terms and French words, the queen's camarera mayor evoked before the king the sin of gluttony of his mistress and his culpable inclination for chocolate which, by dint of abuse, a thick layer had lined the The bowels of the sovereign to the point of altering the complexion of the child she wore. His majesty did not appear convinced, and inquired of the surgeon of his own interpretation. Without excluding the reasonableness of this reasoning, M. Felix mentioned the intimacy of the Queen and her favorite dwarf, Little Nabo, brought back some years ago from Dahomey by Admiral de Beaufort.
         The queen had indeed been infatuated with the Dahomean dwarf Osmin nicknamed "Nabo" who, fascinated by this attachment, venerated her return with affectionate glances. Annoyed, the king shrugged his shoulders and, staring darkly at the doctor, let loose those heavily skeptical words: "Should he have a penetrating look?
". Whereupon the king added that he wondered whether the surgeon was well instructed in the mysteries of conception. Then he withdrew, and begged the lieutenant of police of the kingdom, Mister de La Reynie, to investigate diligently and, if it should, to push it to the extremities.
         It seems that the queen's heart wanted to split, but she received this order with all the respect, firmness, and humiliation which such a heavy suspicion deserved, but which was altered by the purity of her conscience. Scarcely did she add that this birth was a mortification which God made her suffer, but that her dear husband would soon strip the article of infidelity upon the memory of her faults. Then she ordered her company to reply frankly to the questions of Mr. de La Reynie.
        
Nabo disappeared from the court and ended his life either embassy or murdered. The malicious rumors did not disappear. The evil tongues of the kingdom of France now insinuated that the queen, deceived abundantly by her husband, with Mrs Henriette of England, his sister-in-law, and Mademoiselle de La Valliere. Despite the disappearance of the dwarf Nabo, La Reynie's report did not in any way affect the fidelity of Queen Maria Theresa.
        
Relieved by such odious discredit, the queen was soon overwhelmed with another grief, when her little daughter, Princess Marie-Anne, was declared dead forty days later, on 26 December 1664, not without having been baptized. Thus ended our article about the birth of Princess Marie-Anne some forty years ago, and it seemed as if history had turned the page. The character of the queen judged for her and attracted to her all confidence. At his sudden death on July 30, 1683, when his Majesty paid him homage by admitting that it was the first time she had caused him grief, the scandal of the black child seemed buried in the depths of his memories.

At twenty, the young Beninese girl was sent to Notre-Dame de Meaux.

         Until a black teenager appears in the churches of the Notre-Dame de Meaux abbey. Unknown but very well educated, she came from a village near Cahors, where she had been brought up by a former servant of the court. No one paid much attention to this novice. Hence the general amazement, about ten years later, when she took the veil under the name of Sister Louise-Marie de Sainte-Therese at the Benedictine convent of Moret-sur-Loing, near Fontainebleau . Not that these three first names surprised particularly. But several high personages did her the honor of attending the ceremony. If the effect was considerable in the small religious community, no one at the court expounded in explanation of this mystery, and the sudden fall of silence. Forgetfulness would soon have recovered their usual ease at the convent so princes of blood and members of the court had not continued to make brief visits to the recluse of Moret-sur-Loing.
         What were they looking for? Everyone was asking the question, and each one. And to reply that Sister Louise-Marie of Sainte-Therese doubtless had gifts in occultism. In the last years of the reign of the Great King, a taste for astrology and divination seemed to carry society to such an extent that his Majesty had become annoyed and gave Versailles a hunt for turntables. The passages of Madame de Maintenon herself near the nun finished intriguing. Never had the first lady of the kingdom contravened the wishes of her sovereign. She therefore came for other mysterious motives. No doubt Christians. The king, a good father to all his children, was perhaps not resigned to abandon the daughter of Maria Theresa, a victim with Nabo of a passing weakness to which he himself had for years 'to abandon.

The place of the enigma and the legend!

         The mystery surrounding the origins of Louise-Marie de Sainte-Thérèse gave birth to three hypotheses, the common feature of which is that she is "the daughter of the royal couple", without knowing if it is the adulterine daughter of Queen Maria Theresa, a hidden child of King Louis XIV with a black actress or, more simply, a young woman baptized and sponsored by the king and queen. None of these assumptions was supported by irrefutable evidence. The enigma of the Beninese, an adulterous daughter of Louis XIV gave birth to the "Mauresses de Moret", melting squares of dark chocolate.
         The Dahomean dwarf Nabo,  had given rise to the legend of the disproportionate male sex of the Negroes and a lesson of humility to the Sun King. Was this what made King Behanzin of Dahomey a special treatment on the part of the French colonists?

jeudi 10 novembre 2016

Democratic Republic of Congo / Tanzania: Origin of the Mai-Mai Rebellion Movement!

 
Congolese young people who are involved in the wild jacquards that have bloodied the Democratic Republic of Congo are often unaware of the origin of Mai-Mai (or Maji Maji), that is to say "Water-Water" which is now a political party in the D.R.C.. In reality, it comes from Tanzania (then Tanganyika). It was the name of the rebellion carried out between 1905 and 1907 by the Medium Kinjikitile "Bokero" Ngwale, against the German colonialists.

Who was Kinjikitile Ngwale aka Bokero?

         Kinjikitile Ngwale was born in Ngarambe, Matumbi, Tanzania, before the arrival of the Germans in East Africa. In 1904, he disappeared mysteriously from his village of Ngarambe. Returning to the village a few days later, he claims that during his disappearance he was possessed by the spirit of a medium named Hongo, which had turned into a snake, and that he had received the deity “Bokero” through the spirit of Hongo. He tells his followers that he had received from their ancestors the mission of fighting the German colonial empire. He tries to unify the men and women of different tribes to fight the Germans. He distributes to the fighters of the holy water (Maji) supposed to immunize them against the German bullets and bombs. In July 1905, the first rebels attacked crying "Maji Maji" Marumbi's colonial post and the residence of the German official. Kinjikitile is arrested by the German military troops. On August 4, 1905, he was sentenced for high treason and hanged publicly. This hanging instead of ending the rebellion, it excites it. His brother takes the head of the rebellion now called "Maji Maji" which continues the guerrilla until its total extension in 1907. The guerilla maji-maji makes hundreds of deaths in the German troops and 75,000 deaths among the rebels. The terrible German repression caused more than 100,000 deaths among Africans. A unique lesson of this anti-German revolt, the Tanzanians understood that they can together over tribal barriers, overthrow a foreign power and build a nation around a single leader. Professor Julius Nyerere Kambarage (1922-1999) assimilated the lesson and was this unifier of Tanzania without recourse to mystical fireworks!

When Laurent Désiré Kabila resurrected “Mai Mai” in R.D.C..

         While Tanzanians regarded Kinjikitile Ngwale as the country's first nationalist, the former maquisard who became president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Laurent-Désiré Kabila (1937-2001), to get rid of his Allies (Rwanda and Uganda) and display his nationalism outdated, resessed the old rebellion "Muleliste" in 2008. Between 1963 and 1970, it had bloodied the Democratic Republic of Congo from the Kwango. Under the cry of “Mulele Mai”, the maquisards ragged without faith or law conquers ¾ of the Democratic Republic of Congo. After drinking breastmilk from the old witch Mama Onema, they sprinkle themselves with mystical water and expose their breasts to the bullets of the Congolese National Army of General Jéseph-Désiré Mobutu. Stuffed with drugs and adorned with fetishes, their resistance to bullets sows the blue scum in the ranks of the soldiers of the Congolese Army. The Mulelism made over 500,000 deaths among the Congolese and the many Belgian victims.

“Maji maji” or “Mai Mai”, a same utopian dream!

         Today Congolese rebels use practically the same ancestral rituals and above all the ablution with this famous mystical water, base of their identity "Mai Mai" before throwing themselves into the barbaric battle. As Kinjikitile Bokero Ngwale whose Tanzanians claim a street name in Berlin, the German capital, Laurent Désiré Kabila was the victim of his rebellion and is considered a nationalist hero by his followers. His son Joseph Kabange Kabila is the only true beneficiary of this bloody and absurd epic against Mobutu Sese Seko's (1965-2007) 32-year-old dictatorship. 
Is not history an eternal beginning?
References:
-Mapunda O.B. & Mpangara G.P., The Maji Maji War in Ungoni, East African Publishing House, dar es-Salam, 1969.
-Giblin James Leonard and Monson Jamie (eds), Maji Maji: Lifting the Fog of War, Briil., Leiden, Boston, 2010.
Kanyarwunga I.N. Jean, R.D.C.. Les générations condamnées. Déliquescence d’une Société capitaliste, www.NENA.Sen.

vendredi 21 octobre 2016

U.S.A. : Presidential Election to United States on November 8, 2016.

 

For who will vote the Americans?

         No,
I will not vote for Mrs Hillary Clinton nor for Mr Donald Trump, because I'm not American. But after following the most pathetic presidential campaign of History, that I have ever seen in the United States of America and especially after reading the editorial by Nicholas Kristof in the New York Times (which reads in part), I am convinced that Americans, Democrats and/or Republicans and others, who think as I, know now for who they will vote without hesitation.
         The foreigners must be aware of the important role the U.S. A. will play in the world, in Africa and in Switzerland (in particular). The decisions of the 45th president (or the new First Female president) will affect them directly or indirectly.

Imagine :
A piece of journalism anthologiston the air of John Lennon!

        
"Imagine that Hillary Clinton had five children with three husbands, she told her daughter that she" had a nice ass ", she participated in a radio interview on oral sex in a hot tub, she notes the men on their body plastic, she showed in Playboy videos of porn 'light'.

        
Imagine 15 men accusing Hillary Clinton of having abused or violated, and the account grows every day.

        
Imagine Hillary Clinton organized the competition of 'Mr teenager U.S.A.' and at that time she was slipped in the locker room to ogle young bodies, some were naked, having done the same when Mr U.S.A., and marveling at a radio show to have been authorized to do so.

        
Imagine that at the first election debate, Hillary Clinton is touted by stating that there was no problem with the size of her vagina.

        
Imagine Hillary  Clinton less government or military experience that no other person ever elected 'president of the United States'.

        
Imagine she says of one of his opponents in the primaries: 'look at his face! Does anyone want to vote for that? '
        
Imagine that Hillary Clinton is touted to have fired from his job a married man who refused to yield to his advances.
        
Imagine Hillary Clinton touted to be 'able to stand in 5th Avenue, to shoot someone, and not lose any voter'.

        
Imagine Hillary Clinton has taken the mouth into the microphone trying to evoke the male genitals in a degrading manner and to congratulate her social status allow it to catch people by their balls.

        
Imagine that she is touted to have committed adultery - and that she later fired from his job a married man who refused to yield to her advances.

        
Imagine that Hillary Clinton was accused of sexual assault by her first husband (before it shrinks) and then again once accused of harassment at trial by one of her business partners.

        
Imagine Hillary Cinton will be defended on a charge of violence against a young man explaining to his defense, "I can assure you he was not my first choice."

(... / ...)

        
Imagine Clinton, cited by one of the team members said that "laziness was a feature of Black" and she retweeted white supremacist, even including a message honoring the American Nazi Party.

        
Imagine that Clinton went bankrupt in its business to five times, "entubant" a long list of contractors, plumbers, painters, through lawyers.

(... / ...)

        
Imagine that Clinton denounced globalization while she is making shirts in Bangladesh, China ties, costumes Mexico and crystal glasses in Slovenia.

(... / ...)

        
Imagine Hilary Clinton refuses to show his tax forms.

        
Imagine Clinton demolish an ancient king of beauty and invites via tweeter to go check on the "sextape" type - even if this video does not exist.

(... / ...)

        
Imagine that Clinton is completely ignorant of nuclear strategy or that of N.A.T.O., and she says she 'knows more about the Islamic state that the general.'

        
And Nicholas Kristof concluded that long list of subsidiary question: "So are there no double standard in American politics, in American society, subjecting women to greater pressure? To you, to decide ...! "
_________________________________________

*Nicholas Donabet Kristof (b. 1959), journalist, author is a winner of two Pullitzer Prizes.  He has been described by Archibishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa as an « honorary African ». Haut du formulaire




lundi 10 octobre 2016

Rwanda/South Africa : Can power Genes resurface after one or more generations?

 The Rwandese Symbols of Royalty.

        
In the kingdoms of Rwanda and Burundi, the ritualists (Abiru) knew how to detect in a child, at birth, genes and symbols of royalty. For simplicity, we told to lay the child-king was born with in his right hand the symbols of royalty: a drop of milk (amata) and sorghum seeds (imbuto). These were the signs "obvious" to one that will bring prosperity to the kingdom by the livestock and agriculture, basic economic activities. Upon discovery of these symbols in the baby, his family had to do everything to keep him away from the court and avoid the intrigues of the other contenders for power. Even exile and ensure his military and royal training away from Rwanda. These symbols were only a simple representation of Rwandan power genes. And if the last pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Rwanda, Jean Baptiste Ndahindurwa, Kigeli V (June 25, 1936 - October 16, 2016), had less royal genes predisposing him for power in Rwanda than Paul Kagame (born on October 23, 1957)?
        
Beyond this simplistic explanation and considering actual cases, there is probably a scientific explanation: genetics.
Why some people, distant descendants of kings, come to power or have the facility to exercise power without necessarily prepared for it?
Do not they have a "special" gene which predisposes them to be attracted to the exercise of power?

A descendant of Richard the Lion Heart, John Lackland, Blanche of Castile and Louis IX, aka St. Louis in South Africa.

        
We chose the case of the Afrikaner, Francis William Reitz, distant descendant of Blanche of Castile (1188-1252) and King Louis IX Capet alias Saint Louis (born on April 25, 1214 at Poissy and died on August 25, 1270 at Tunis) to illustrate this reflection. After the regency assured by his queen mother Blanche of Castile, born on March 4, 1188 at Palencia, Castilla, died on November 27, 1252 at Melun in France. She was the daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile (1156-1214) and Eleanor of England, queen of Castilla (1215-1214), herself the daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II (1154-1189). She was the niece of the kings Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) and John Lackland (1166-1216).
         Here the genetic of Reitz Francis William, who was born and lived centuries later in the Orange Free State (now South Africa), which was not a kingdom for the Afrikaner and other European immigrants (Afrikaner, British and others).
Haut du formulaire

Who was Reitz Francis William, the Afrikaner, holder of a quadruple royal embarrassment?

           
Distant descendant of King Louis IX Capet alias Saint Louis and Blanche of Castile, born on October 5, 1844 at Swellendam in the Cape Colony. He was educated at Cape Town and at London. In 1868, he enrolled at the Cape bar but after a year he tried unsuccessfully to get into diamond exploration in the Griqualand (Cape Colony). He takes his job as a lawyer and in 1872, he was elected in the riding of George.
         In 1874, he was appointed President of the Court of Appeal of the Free State of the Orange. On January 4, 1889, he was elected president of the Orange Free State, succeeding the late John Henry Brand (1823-1888). He is similar to President Paul Kruger (1825-1904) of State Transvaal with whom he signed an agreement on economic cooperation in Potchefstroom in March 1889. He also maintains good relations between the Orange Free Republic and the British colonies of the Cape and Natal.
         In 1895, he resigned from his duties for health reasons and went to Europe for appropriate treatment. In July 1897, he resumed his legal career in Pretoria, the capital of Transvaal. Six months later, he was appointed judge of the Criminal Court of the Transvaal. In 1898, he was appointed Secretary of State, replacing Willem Johannes Leyds (1859-1940). On October 10, 1899, he announced that communicates the Transvaal Boer War the British representative to the ultimatum. During the Anglo-Boer War, he was with Paul Kruger for the evacuation of Pretoria. On May 31, 1902, he oversaw the signing of the peace treaty of Vereeniging but refused to swear allegiance to the British crown.
         He moved to the Netherlands and then to Texas in the United States, before returning to the Netherlands for medical care. In 1904, he returned to South Africa cured. In 1910, he was elected Senator and President of the South African Senate. In 1921, he retired and moved to Gordon's Bay in the Western Cape. He died on March 27, 1934 at Cape Town.

Bibliography:
-Reitz Francis William, Outobiografie (Autobiography), Tafelberg, 1978.
-Reitz Francis William, Ein Jahrhundert Voller Unrecht : Ein Ruckblick Auf Die Sudafrikanische Politik Englands (A century full of injustice: A Look Back At The South African policy of England), Nabu Press, 2010.
-Smuts Jan Chritsiaan, Reitz Francis William, A century of wrong: The Boer-British case stated, Ulan Press, 2012.