samedi 27 septembre 2014

Malaysia: Prohibited to use "Allah" for God of Christians!

 
The Muslim world in turmoil.

         At a time when fundamentalist brutally trying to establish caliphates (Organization of Islamic state in Syria and Iraq, Boko Haram in Nigeria and Cameroon) at the same time the Sunni Sudan accuses Iran of spreading Shiism and since September 2014 ordered the closure of all Iranian cultural centers in its territory under pressure from the Wahhabis of Saudi Arabia.

         Christians are made ​​sandwiches in these conflicts from another age. Khartoum has gone further by simply banning the construction of new churches on its territory (which are absent in Saudi Arabia). In Asia, there is a real step backwards with the introduction of sharia in the rich sultanate of Brunei Darussalam Hassanal Bolkiah very respectable Sir Muizzadin Waddaulah.

A war between Shiites and Sunnis threatens the Muslim world.

         As the conflict between Protestants and Catholics tore Europe in the seventeenth century, war between Shiites and Sunnis is redrawing the map of the Middle East at the beginning of the twenty-first century and to define the future of Islam policy worldwide. Shiism and Sunnism today are political models and geographical areas, rather than religious beliefs, as Salafism and Jihadism.
         By overthrowing Saddam Hussein, the Americans have largely ignored the religious dimension of the conflict they had new again. Today, there he was somewhere another Lawrence of Arabia to unify the Muslim world to end this conflict from another age?

MoreInch'Allah Sunday” in Malaysia!

         A Muslim country that seemed advanced, marking time with a retrograde legislation. The Supreme Court has banned Malay Christians to use the dull Allah for God in the Malay texts!
On 23 October 2013 the Court of Appeal rejected a decision by the trial court, which had been favorable to the position of the Catholic Church.
         "The Court of Appeal has applied specific reasons and it is not for us to interfere",
said the president of the Supreme Court, Arifin Zakaria. The Church had begun its legal campaign after having been threatened in 2007 by the local authorities to suspend the publication of the weekly of the diocese of Kuala Lumpur, The Herald, if its Malay edition had not removed the term Arabic "Allah" to mean the Christian God.
         For Christians in the country, the use is nevertheless so spontaneous and rooted in tradition for centuries that it can be considered that by virtue of its origin or only for the exclusive use of the Muslim community. Counsel for the Catholic Church also argue that a total ban will affect all minority religions and all walks of life, not just the media, but also, for example, as part of the celebrations and religious liturgical texts.
         "Allah is great"
screaming Islamists gathered around the court after the judges' decision to despair of the small Christian minority in the country (representing nearly 10% of the 26 million Malaysians).
Will we speak of one God, if we can not give him the same name in the Torah, the Bible and the Koran?
         The twenty-first century will be or will not be spiritual! André Malraux predicted!

mardi 16 septembre 2014

Equatorial Guinea : If you think this one’s bad you should have seen his uncle*.

 
A surprising candidate to the head of the Francophonie in Dakar: Augustin Nze Nfumu of Equatorial Guinea!

          Hispanic, former ambassador of Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo firmly believes in a divine opportunity fueled by oil and corruption.
"With the political and social trajectory of Equatorial Guinea in the context of the African continent and the international community, we have all the capacity"
to represent the Francophonie, said the candidate in a statement from the Ministry of Communications.
         Third sub-Saharan oil producer, Equatorial Guinea, is considered by the NGO Transparency International as one of the most corrupt countries in the world, ranking 163rd on the 175.
         The Equatorial Guinea as competitors including: Former Governor General of Canada Michaëlle Jean, former Burundian President Pierre Buyoya, former Foreign Minister of Mauritius, Jean-Claude Estrac of the island and the novelist Henry Lopez, former Prime Minister of Congo and Congo's ambassador to Paris.
         Also to understand Equatorial Guinea where the rare French Speakers  (including President Obiang Nguema himself) speak the "language of Molière" as "Spanish Cows", here an excellent old article by Anthony Daniels appeared in "The Telegraphy " in 2004. Uplifting.

The « Democrature » of Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo.

         There is no leader in the world who more deserves to be overthrown than Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, the President of Equatorial Guinea for the last quarter of a century. By rights, his brutality, corruption and venality should not go unpunished; yet I doubt that the mercenaries who planned to overthrow him, and whom Sir Mark Thatcher is accused of having backed financially, were motivated by a burning ambition to bring democracy and clean government to the volcanoes of Fernando Poo and the jungles of Rio Muni.
         On the contrary: I am sure that they knew that one venal dictator in Equatorial Guinea would be replaced by another: one who would owe his position to them. Since Equatorial Guinea is now the third largest oil exporter in Africa, there were wonderfully lush, quick fortunes to be made by mercenaries and their backers.

Bizarre than his uncle Macias Nguema.

         Equatorial Guinea is one of the least-known countries in the world, because of its small size and its insignificant population. It was, however, the scene of one of the greatest disasters to befall any country in the 20th century, proportionately as great as that which befell Cambodia, caused by the first president after its independence, Francisco Macias Nguema.
         When I visited in 1986, it had not recovered from the trauma. Macias Nguema had killed or driven into exile a third of the population. His successor was his nephew, Teodoro Obiang Nguema, who is still president 25 years after his coup. He is less bizarre than his uncle, but is certainly no man of the people. In those days, they turned the electricity off whenever the President left the capital, as being no longer necessary. The telephone directory, a slim volume, had a fulsome, and obligatory, dedication to him.
         He was not a friend of free speech: I was told by an expatriate in no uncertain terms that I had better not let on that I was a journalist, or they would cut me into pieces and throw me into the sea. People disappeared in Equatorial Guinea and no one dared ask any questions.
         The only imported goods available in the market at the time were tinned sardines and pink champagne, of which there was a strangely plentiful supply, presumably left over from a summit of West African presidents that had just taken place in Malabo. Foreign aid at the time had reached 90 per cent of the gross national product of the country. It paid for the pink champagne, of course. I spent a pleasant and instructive afternoon in Malabo counting the different international aid agencies whose Toyota Land Cruisers passed me in the otherwise dead streets: I got up to 27 before I abandoned my count.

The only Spanish colony in sub-Saharian Africa.

         Equatorial Guinea had been the only Spanish colony in sub-Saharan Africa, and consisted of two parts: Rio Muni, on the mainland of Africa, and Fernando Poo (renamed Bioko), a volcanic island off the Cameroonian coast. For a time, the British occupied the island, and the original name of the capital was Clarence, later (under the Spanish) Santa Isabel and now (after independence) Malabo. The famous explorer and linguist Sir Richard Burton was consul there for a time, and detested it, calling his office "a plank-lined coffin containing a dead consul once a year". Before the advent of modern medicine, Fernando Poo really was a white man's grave.
         In the last few decades of Spanish colonial rule, Equatorial Guinea flourished. By the time the world prevailed upon Spain to decolonise, it had the best medical services, the lowest death rate and the second highest per capita income of any sub-Saharan African country. The first president of the newly independent country soon changed all that. Macias Nguema, who in 1968 was democratically elected turned into a paranoiac monster. The government and economy became a family affair, with most of the ministers coming from the same village; young Teodoro, the head of the National Guard, was only one of Macias's relatives among many to hold high office.

Teodoro overthrow his uncle for money to pay his men of the National Guard. 

         Macias, who had failed the entrance exams to the colonial civil service three times, was distinctly uneasy around educated people. Before long, he had killed everyone who wore spectacles, a sure sign, in his peculiar opinion, of superior educational accomplishment, and it was dangerous for any Guinean to own so much as a page of printed matter. Under Macias, forced labour akin to slavery was re-introduced, though it did not prevent cocoa production (the main export at the time) from declining by five sixths.
         Declaring himself President for Life and the Unique Miracle, he also acted as chief judge who sentenced thousands to death. Trusting no one, he spent most of his time in his ancestral village of Mongomo, where he kept the national treasury under his bed or in suitcases in his hut. Half Pol Pot, half Mobutu, he insisted that all Guineans Africanise their names.
         Teodoro did not overthrow his uncle, subsequently try him in a cinema in Malabo and have him executed, because he had a tender conscience, for he himself was a well-known torturer. Rather, he realised that a terrible fate would befall him if he did not act. In 1979, six members of the National Guard that he commanded, including one of his brothers, had gone to Macias in Mongomo to ask him to release some of the money in his suitcases to pay the men and officers of the National Guard, who had gone without wages for some time. Infuriated by their impertinence, Macias had them shot, whereupon Teodoro decided that a coup was the best form of defence. It was a case of execute lest thou be executed.
         In 1992, 13 years after the coup, oil was discovered offshore, and suddenly Equatorial Guinea - or more precisely, the family of Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo - was rich. Equatorial Guinea now produces more than one barrel of oil per day per inhabitant. But the president has remained more or less faithful to the political principles bequeathed to him by his uncle.

A West African tyrant in permanent communication with God !

         It was stated officially in 2003 that he was in permanent communication with God, and that he could therefore kill anyone he chose without having to answer to anyone. It is true that the rest of the world has forced him to have elections now and again, but he usually wins them with handsome majorities, gaining somewhere between 98.3 and 99.99 per cent of the votes. Perhaps the fact that one opposition leader, Severo Moto Nsa, was sentenced to 101 years' imprisonment helped voters decide which way to vote, especially as the ballot was not secret. And, as the nephew of the Unique Miracle put it with admirable forthrightness, "Anyone who doesn't vote for me is low class.".
         It is ironic that the president should be so morally outraged by the attempt upon his regime by mercenaries. His presidential guard is composed entirely of Moroccans, because he does not trust Guineans: and the Moroccans guard him not from idealism, but because they are paid to do so. Indeed, Moroccan mercenaries guard more than one West African tyrant. Obiang Nguema doesn't object to mercenaries as such: only to those who would overthrow him and deprive his family of the spoils of the Ministry of Mines and Petrol.
         Equatorial Guinea is a concentrated distillate of all the woes of post-colonial Africa. It is all there: the corruption, the nepotism, tribalism, brutality, megalomania and - underlying everything else - the wounded "amour propre" and brittle self-esteem. And indeed, it must be a sign of the marginal importance of Africa to the rest of the world that a country, a third of whose population either fled or was killed by a presidential maniac, should be so completely unknown even to the well-informed.
_________________________________
*Article of Anthony Daniels, in «The Telegraph» of 29 August 2004.

For More information:

-Liniger-Goumaz Max, La Démocrature : dictature camouflée. Démocratie truquée (The Démocrature: camouflaged dictatorship. Democracy rigged), L’Harmattan, Paris, 2000.

-Ayang Ondo Luis, Bokesa Camo, Liniger-Goumaz Max, Nguemismo: 33 años de auto-golpes y torturas. Corrupción nacional e internacional. Guinea Ecuatorial Cultural (Nguemismo: 33 years of self-beatings and torture. International and national corruption. Equatorial Guinea Cultural), Editorial Tiempos Proximo, Suiza, 2002.



mardi 9 septembre 2014

Brazil: Bin Laden, Obama, Batman and Hitler, candidates in 2014 elections.

 
Nicknames "surprises" for an election campaign show.

         In Brazil, they love nicknames especially when one is a public figure. Footballers give a perfect example: Pélé, Kaka, Hulk, Bebeto or Vagner Love?
         Candidates in general elections are such that footballers to attract the attention of their citizens and for the polls. And sometimes a pseudonym is "curious", the more it attracts people and their ballots. Thus, a journalist who want to have fun elected mayor of Sao Paolo, the Rhinoceros "Caracero"?, Peaceful pachyderm of the zoo!

Flowering pseudonyms unusual for the elections of October 5, 2014
.

         Like many Brazilians, politicians are dressed nicknames they ended up simply add their name. Who knows Edson Arantes do Nascimento? All lovers of footbal in the world know "Pélé", the legend of the Brazilian Selecao "? And some politicians invent "unusual" pseudonyms to create the "buzz", but some decide together to enjoy the campaign to get rid of bulky nicknames to be more presentable.

The example that comes from above: Lula, simply means "squid".

         Very few people do not know that former President Luiz Inacio da Silva Ferreira took political career include in his family name the nickname of "Lula" which simply means "squid".
         José Raimondo Jesus dos Santos, candidate for the Workers Party in Bahia is very proud to display a name that seems to fall right from the sky and pose alongside the President of the Republic Dlima Rousseff, smiling on posters with his unusual nickname of  "Hamburger Head".

"I have a round face, and it's been over twenty years since everyone calls me like that,"
said the unionist of 45 years on the site of the "BBC Mundo."
         By searching on the site "eleicoes2014.com.br",
the reference site of 2014 elections in Brazil, you come across real gems especially surprises: this is how we come across three "Bin Laden" and four "Obama" . The imagination of candidates beyond the mere physical setting: A Parana, brown square jaw Ewerson Alves da Silva, 33, and candidate for the social Christian party under the name of -Creme Clark either "Clark believes ", playing on a sound close to that of Clark Kent, aka" Superman. "

 Superhero movies are popular in Christian-Social Party!

         Thus the party he has in Bahia, a professor Moises, "O Homem-Arenha (Spider Man"). In Brasilia, a 36 year old candidate nicknamed herself as "Mulher Marhavila” or "Wonder Woman". And in Minas Gerais, a candidate is prsented under the nickname of Batman.
         While some candidates opt for poetic names, others choose more obscure nicknames. This is the case of a candidate who is in the nickname "Eu amo to (I love you)"
or squarely under that of "Chuppa Cabra", a mythical creature that decimated the herds.
Even more obscure, a candidate appears on a list of electors in the name of Hitler Vagner Oliveira and in his case, it is not a pseudonym.

While in Tropical Africa!

         While in Brazil, politicians parent nicknames in Black Africa, many dictators choose to add at midterm a post-name to better make history, but this will be our next story ...