dimanche 23 février 2014

Guinea: The untold Jekyll and Hyde, Story of Moussa Dadis Camara!*

 
A Capitain out of nothingness and from anywhere?

         Born on Janvier 1, 1964 or December 28, 1968 at Koulé, near Nzérékoré, guinean officer, he created National Council for Democracy and Development (C.N.D.D.), which seized power after the death of Lansana Conté in Guinea on December 24, 2008. Head injury on December 3, 2009, he was hospitalized in Morocco and Burkina Faso, and must leave office next month. A mysterious ball, badly drawn, which saved Guinea from diseaster.
         A year of nightmare for Guineans who had barely two dictatorships: the bloody dictatorship of Sekou Touré Ahmed (1958-1984) and grotesque of Lansana Konte (1984-2008).
         After donning the clothes of savior of the country after  the death of Lansana Conté, the head of state shifts to an autocratic regime and grotesque: uncontrolled slippage, permanent improvisation, authoritarianism,... What worry, when he longer hides his desire to be a candidate in the presidential election of January 2010.

Moussa Dadis Camara invented the "non- governance".

        
While all the time to praise the 'good governance', Moussa Dadis Camara invented the "non- governance". The leader of the National Council for Democracy and Development (C.N.D.D.), the junta that seized power in Guinea on December 23, 2008, after the death of Lansana Conté is undoubtedly the only head of state in the world not have cabinet in working order or secretariat. No record of the hearing either for the many visitors waiting for hours for a hypothetical interview. Worse, the coup captain did not participate once in a Council of Ministers, he left before the end of the session. After wandering for months through the aisles of  Alpha Yaya Diallo camp, members of the presidential cabinet failed in a palace annex of Sékhoutouréya, in the city center, several kilometers from the military enclave, where the boss is installed. Most of them never see him. And they are not alone.

Disorder in the Alpha Yaya Diallo camp

        
Prime Minister Kabiné Komara, and his government colleagues can do the heels for days without being received. The Schedules of "Dadis" are for something. Persistence of a habit in the first hours of the coup, when he had to stay awake to thwart any attempt against  coup, the junta leader opens only at night the doors of two small rooms that serve as office and waiting room. His working day begins at dusk.
        
He has head-to-head with anyone. Any visitor who enters in his office, there is a group of soldiers or civilians sometimes anonymous function without officially came to chat. A merry disarray at Alpha Yaya Diallo camp. So that the notions of secrecy and discretion have totally disappeared from the operation of the Guinean state. Every doings of "Dadis" feed continuously in the Gazette and are at the heart of conversations salon in Conakry.

And here is the Dadis Show!

        
The head of the junta chose outing as a method of government. Any questions, including the most sensitive, are set in the waiting room, under the eye of cameras of Guinea Broadcasting (R.T.G.). The result is a series that Guineans have called, not without humor and derision "Dadis Show"-a sort of quarter of an hour of laughter which is a box in the capitals of West Africa, where the log R.T.G. is monitored on the cable. Extracts available on the Internet beat attendance records (30.000 visitors on YouTube). Exercise of catharsis punctuated by anger, beatings and blood moralistic tirades, the "Dadis Show" allows the main actor to romp on suspected drug traffickers, officials suspected of embezzlement, diplomats or businessmen established in his country, but also on his own employees. Revocations and updates are delivered early retirement before the cameras. Better than the reality.

"If you talk to me like that, I will return to your country”

        
If the facts were not as serious and harmful to the image of Guinea, a few selected pieces of this series would be to shake with laughter. "I am not your equal", he says to Karl Prinz, German Ambassador to Guinea, who calls on his possible candidacy for president. "If you talk to me like that, I will return to your country," he serves as kindness to Anatoly Panchenko, Ukrainian businessman, former head of the mining company Rusal Guinea.
        
But, he who holds the record of humiliation is undoubtedly the prime minister, Kabiné Komara, 59 years, debauched from the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank), based in Cairo. On September 9, when he hosted a press conference at the premises of the R.T.G. at Koloma, Dadis takes part in a loud voice Kabiné Komara, who tried to whisper something in his ear: "Why do you talk in my ear? Why are you bothering me? ".  The poor Kabiné Komara, had already suffered a similar setback a few days earlier. Tired after vegetating in the waiting room of the Head of State, he joined the office of the Minister of Defence, Sekouba Konate (Who became president of republic after him). As stung, Dadis gets carried away: "Why are you following me? Who told you to get into the office? Why are you impatient? ". Atmosphere. Another crisp recorded scene now runs on mobile phones. Out of him, Dadis launches the phone to a counselor of Komara: "It's cheeky to receive a master gold zone without keeping us informed ... It is not he who took power ! Prime Minister , he is inflated, inflated, eh ... He does not matter to a asshole . "

It was I who called you, and I hang you from that moment.

        
But the most grotesque public scene is held on June 8, 2009 in a conference hall packed to the rafters of the People's Palace, seat of the National Assembly. While the junta leader meets with officials of financial authorities, he stops net the Director of Customs, Mamady Touré, just as he demands special status for customs. And struck him: "Mr. Touré, you're a demagogue. You think it is the only customs that have no status? It was I, who called you, and I hang you from that moment".
        
Touré left as he came. He was catapulted to the position three months earlier, having been the first to run after a petition. Dadis launched in the courtyard of the National Customs Directorate: "Let him who feels capable of be director raises his hand! " Mamady Touré has had, nevertheless, greater longevity that Lamine Sidimé. Appointed on June 9 , in full public meeting at the People's Palace , "President of the Economic and political orientation Commission", the former president of the Supreme Court and former Prime Minister was degummed two days later, after many reactions denouncing the return to power of this living symbol of the excesses of the Lansana Conté regime.

A real horn of the Web!

        
These repeated blunders have made their author, the inimitable mimicry, a new "puppet of the Web" in French very rough. Behavior are certainly smiling but Dadis, above all, they intrigue and worry. This captain small and thin, agitated and angry, without restraint and allergic protocol has shoulders too narrow for the costume head of state. Having a lot of trouble to take place in public, he may, in the midst of a formal meeting, a smoke, rising to shake hands with a person in the audience, cheering wildly, laughing loudly, interrupt the emcee to discuss or distribute speech ... Born into a modest family in Nzérékoré, a remote rural region of the Guinea forest that has left after his tray away Conakry, the soldier Dadis, which did not include the manners of good society or the codes of power, himself admits that he had "not known opulence". But, at 45 years, a career soldier displays a taste for watches and luxury eyewear.
        
Let him who feels capable of being director raises his hand!
Lacking any control over his actions, he holds the most natural of about unworthy of his current rank. "I can have a girlfriend because I am a man, but I do not turn another man's wife",  he says in September 9, to journalists dumbfounded. "The men of the troupe can attest. Ask them if I lie. Since taking power, I do not set foot anywhere without their knowledge", he says to whom rumored to many female conquests and a taste for beer and spirits. He added: "I consider widows General Lansana Conté as mothers. They do not come to camp". Veiled reference to another rumor about a connection between a Prime Minister of former president Counté and one of the wives of the latter.

"Captain savior of the nation"

        
Improvisations, lightness, making the punch, appointments and pop rants, the Dadis method also incorporates a good deal of inconsistency. Enough to kill the myth of "Captain savior of the nation" noticeable after his accession to power. After adored him, many Guineans reject today and multiply actions of resistance to what is akin to a creeping dictatorship. Young commuter who troubled the last years of the reign of Conté, are distinguished by events more frequent. Frontline also Forum "lifeblood" of Guinea, determined to prevent his candidacy for the presidential elections in January 2010. Dadis fun, Dadis worried, but the resistance was organized. His face twisted, his lips tighten, his eyes narrow and his voice sharpened, but the anger of Dadis are no longer afraid.

You
want to paralyze the administration? I'll cripple you too.

        
Judges are the first to have braved. End of May, they went on strike to demand the abolition of the post of Secretary of State for War, whose owner, Lt. Issa Camara, seized to litigation before the courts for decision. Furious, the head of the junta calls and threat: "When we fight for Conakry residents have access to water and electricity, you decide to strike you, as if you were senior teachers and doctors! All judges who are not present at the meeting is deleted from the public. [...] Minister of Justice, take the names of all those who are absent! You want to paralyze the administration? I'll cripple you too. And if you do not stop, I'll mater". Before impassive judges, joined by lawyers and clerks, the junta leader backtracked. On June 5, he announced that he renounces the measurement of radiation and the next day, remove, by decree, the State Secretariat for Conflict. Not without naming Issa Camara "Governor of Mamou, in charge of the fight against highway robbers and cattle rustlers over the entire Land Feature"!

"A soldier of the office"

        
If he proclaims loudly that he is not afraid of anything or anyone, Dadis is unconvincing. He is about not impressed when strikes in rows General Mamadouba "Toto" Camara, number two of C.N.D.D. and Security Minister: "General, I forbid you to warn me. I have no fear of drug traffickers. I am not afraid of death. Red, the color of my beret, is the symbol of blood". The former head of oil from the army, flunked the entrance to the Royal Military Academy of Meknes, has never experienced war and never belonged to an operational unit. Unlike, for example, his defense minister, Sekouba Konate, nicknamed "Tiger " for his ferocity in battle (Sierra Leone, Liberia...) and proudly war wounds. Dadis is instead portrayed by his brothers in arms as a "soldier of office". He takes umbrage and made ​​no secret of his dislike and even jealousy, for those who have risen through the ranks by making the shot. "At the officer rank is less important than efficiency", he says to Jeune Afrique following his seizure of power.

Human rights, what is that?

        
A few days later, on December 28, he inaugurated a wave of arrests -still ongoing- officers. The former Chief of Staff, General Diarra Camara, and twenty-one general officers are retired from office. Sixteen of them are detained in Alpha Yaya Diallo camp. Among them are three generals also Diarra Camara, Vice Admiral N'Fali Daffé, former Chief of Staff of the Navy, and his deputy, Admiral Fassiriman against Traoré. Two colonels , including Vivas Sylla , near Conte and three commanders, including Issiaga Camara, nephew of the late president and former member of the presidential guard , are also placed under arrest.
        
On the night of April 22 to 23, following the last minute cancellation of his trip to Libya, Dadis ordered the arrest of the charismatic Saa Alphonse Touré, deputy commander of the regiment commando, Abdoulaye Keita instructor of airborne battalion, and other lower-ranking soldiers. About to succumb to the torture he suffered, Saa Touré Alphonse was transferred in late August at Donka Hospital before being removed, under the eyes of his wife, by a commando led to a destination unknown. Since then, more news. So does the regime of Moussa Dadis Camara many civilians and soldiers arrested are kept secret, cut off from all contact with their families and deprived of counsel. Little looking on human rights, the new strong man of Guinea revived day incarceration by decree. On April 4, Amadou Mouctar Baldé, vice-chairman of the audit committee, was sacked by an act signed by the Head of State, also ordered his imprisonment for misappropriation of public funds.

Corruption to be elected democratically!

        
The regime hardens. And more since Dadis lifted the veil on his intention to run for the highest office in January 2010. Hostile to his candidacy S.M.S. began circulating on mobile phones? The four mobile operators operating in the country are presto ordered to block their messaging system. Private radio stations broadcast interactive programs in which Guineans express their disapproval? A decision of the National Communication Council (C.N.C.) falls to prohibit" mentioned, until further notice, political issues in any type of interactive program, and in all languages ​."The opposition leaders, meeting in the Forum forces, remind Dadis its commitment to lead the transition and to transmit power through an election in which he is not involved? The junta leader raises the audit committee established in the early hours of the coup. In his sights, potential presidential candidates who were Premiers County: Sidya Touré, François Lonsény Fall, Diallo Daien Celloun and Lansana Kouyaté. Whoever said urbi et orbi not be power hungry today clings tenaciously Chair.

Clannish, ethnicity...

        
This barricade and stores gradually in closets his tirades on ethnocentrism to surround himself with family members and citizens of the region. After entrusting ten departments, the C.N.C., the Economic and Social Council and the Telecommunications Company of Guinea (Sotelgui, real pump money) to nationals of the Forest (which represents only 9% of the Guinean people), he chosen as attaché office and project manager his nephew, Siba Theodore Kourouma, as henchman Papa Koly Kourouma, another family member, who plays the role of financial intermediary. Whoever there is little, cried his hatred of money spent 800 billion Guinean francs (110 million euros) in nine months. Half of this amount was disbursed by the Central Bank as proof "expenses of sovereignty".

Marabouts and fetish.

        
It is true that Dadis great leads train. Hundreds of cattle that his friend and Minister of State Boubacar Barry made ​​slay all day long as a sacrifice cost a fortune. As the treatment of marabouts and fetish recruited across the West Africa. He also supports at great expense a half- dozen parties (N.R.P., F.D.D., R.D.R., ...) created to support his candidacy. Anyone who founded a movement or organize a demonstration in support is invited to the camp, which showed pockets weighted. Moussa Dadis Camara multiplies walkabouts and meetings at the stage of 28 September. He surrounded himself with courtiers whose demagogue Idrissa Cherif, leader of the new Movement for the defense of the Republic (R.D.R.) and theorist, ... of dadisme".
        
The cult of personality and the intoxication of power seized the soldier Dadis. He promised a break with the abuses of the past. It is the balance of Guinea he might break.
__________________________________________

*Based on the article of Cheik Yérim Seck appeared in "Jeune Afrique" on 21 September 2009.

dimanche 16 février 2014

Japan, Switzerland, Rwanda-Belgium: Course outsized of our young prodigies. Lighted candles to illuminate humanity.

 
The real miracle of Fukushima!

        
Yuzuru Hanyu is beautiful like a god, he is graceful as a papyrus, slipping on the ice with a lightness of a swan. He is the undisputed champion of Figure Skating Olympic Winter Games in Sochi (Russia) in 2014. Some Japanese have flocked to cheer and rejoice in his gold medal barely know that he is a survivor of Fukushima. His fellows of Sendai kept awake at 4am are in tears. The rest of the world discovers this fine gentleman with the television on an air of "Romeo and Juliet", won gold in the free program gentlemen. Nobody can even imagine the intimate relationship that there is between the young of 19 years old born in Sendai and the largest nuclear disaster in the world due to the Tsunami that devastated Fukushima and deeply wounded the Empire of the Rising Sun.

"I really thought I was going to die at 16!"

        
"Suddenly, without warning, everything collapses, the ice under my skates, the roof of the ice. I thought I was going to die at 16 ", he told reporters. Later a little more, a wave of 15 meters high hits the house of his parents. His whole family lived in a prefabricated house of 60m2.
        
Like thousands of other Japanese family of Fukushima, Yuzuru Hanyu faces lives broken by grief, a stuffy future. Only the mother of Yuzuru does not yield to despair and firmly believes that his son slipping since the age of three years will be a skater on ice. She goes in search of a skating rink, away from Japan, if necessary. A donation enables her to bring him to Canada, where his coach Brian Orser was impressed by his perfectionism.
        
Today, three years after the disaster and its scars still fresh in the hearts of his countrymen, the gold medal Yuzuru Hanyu gives courage and hope to survivors in Fukushima. The fact that he is a survivor of Fukushima is there anything in this dazzling success?
"Everything is a matter of luck",  he says humbly to the influential Japanese business newspaper Sankei! Destiny and miracle I might add! He is the first Japanese world champion of artistic skating rink!

The Champion Swiss Dario Cologna, a survivor of a catastrophic accident!

        
These Sochi Olympics are full of miracles. This is the case of Dario Cologna, the champion of free skiing on 15 km ,that made ​​me want to understand Romansh, the fourth Swiss language only learned in  primary schools of Grison.
        
He was already the Swiss Olympic champion at the Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver in Canada in 2010. Nothing unusual so that at 27, he won his first gold medal at the Olympic Games in Sochi in 2014.

"I also think he has never been stronger mentally" adds Guri Hetland.

        
This foundry business in Val Muster, who trains with his brother Gianluca says "This is a great victory, perhaps the greatest of my career". And his career looks bright. A career that has almost stopped in mid-November 2013, when he tore ligaments during training, a serious injury that would not only stop competition, but also deprived him of mobility simply. "When he is torn ligaments, we had a few tears at home", says his mother Christine Cologna.
"Morally, I was willing to suffer". After an hour and a half from ankle surgery, he returned to bodybuilding at Macolin a special device and especially on December 19, 2013, he goes back on skis, installed on a strange stool adequate progress only by force of arms without seeking his injured leg.
        
"It is our role at Swiss-Ski to us the height of such a champion", said Hippolyt Kempf, head ski skiing at Swiss-Ski. "So we worked a lot in the hardware sector by buying a special truck and machinery, but also a dedicated commitment to that person. Since the previous Games in Vancouver in 2010, we invested 600,000 francs. These efforts have paid off ", he said.
        
"I remember his first Tour de Ski in 2007, in the stands of the finish area. He appears from the forest on the 20 km. He had bad skis, shoes several inches below the slats. But he continued and finished the thirtieth race. Dario never give up!" tells Remo Cologna, his father.
A second, why not a third, whatever, he has transformed his accident in victory, he is already a legend! He was nicknamed "Super Dario", a well-deserved nickname, whose origin Canton is known to the affluent world jostling in winter Davos Economic Forum and the hotels of the resort of St. Moritz. They speak little Romanche as does Super Dario, when he timidly replied to questions of his namesake Darius Rochebin of Télévision Suisse Romande, which uses an interpreter to understand the fourth Swiss language!

Belgium: Stromae: Papaoutai or Dad, where are you!

        
I had fun comparing the long neck and hairstyle of Paul Van Haver to those of Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton, but also those of Tutsi whose "Anthropologists" Belgians, analysed the "anthropomorphic characteristics" to classify Rwandan races at the begin of the twentieth century.
        
Like his father, architect, returned to "build" Rwanda, that he regrets the absence in his songs, he would not have escaped this type that led to genocide last quite a million dead in Rwanda. I shep tears in front of my TV not only because it reminds me of my own children, but also because his music and his apparent fragility were both his strength and brings me much more frightening images.
        
I then asked a less optimistic question: what think those thousands of hidden genocide (and their accomplices and genocides deniers) in Europe by observing, what the neck sliced ​​with machetes in the streets of Kigali and the Rwandan hills in April-May 1994, on behalf of an unjustifiable political ideology!

Wonderful lesson for humanity!

        
One day everyone will be gone, but will we simply be spawning or geniuses?”
        
When the Rwandan-Belgian singer triumph, with three awards at the 29th "Victoires de la Musique" in Paris, curious coincidence, a few steps away place the first trial of a Rwandan genocide in France: the former captain Pascal Simbikangwa, whose name simply means "I am not afraid of these things" is tried for "aiding and abetting genocide and conspiracy to commit genocide, organized crime". Far from Kigali, the fate of Rwanda takes place, it is simply a true "Wonderful lesson for humanity". The artist-musician behind his simple, almost naive appearance, has sold over one and a half million records in France and more than two millions in the world, while the genocidal, born of a Tutsi mother and a divorced woman Tutsi is confined to a wheelchair since 1986 with 20 Euros by day.
        
These three champions “any class" from Japan, Switzerland, Belgium and Rwanda are three magisterial lessons administered to the youth of mankind for their tenacity in sobriety, because when we believed that the World Around collapses, the hope of a better world is written elsewhere for even more beautiful than before!

lundi 10 février 2014

Africa: African Leaders and the curse of number 13.

 
In Christian religions, the number 13 is a symbol following an interpretation of the Last Dinner, where Jesus had met the twelve apostles around him, the thirteenth person, Judas, the traitor, who is lead Jesus to death by crucifixion the number 13 was associated with misfortunes and sufferings of Jesus.

         The 13th of the month, from May 13 to October 13, 1917
, the Virgin Mary appeared to three shepherd is in the moors village of Fatima (Portugal) to announce their "the famous third secret" that shook the world.
         Pope John Paul II, shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square in Rome on May 13, 1981, attributed his survival to the intervention of Mary during her feast day of Our Lady of Fatima and planted the ball extracted of his body in his crown.
        
What happens to the Pope Francis elected March 13, 2013?

         Without being superstitious, seeing certain events, there are questions about validity of certain beliefs, especially when they are repeated relentlessly. And by dissecting the biographies of African personalities, often those who are born with a double 13 or 13 and one 3 experiencing violent death notices.
         The latest is the Ghanaian writer and poet Kofi Awoonor N. W. George. Born on March 13, 1935, during a trip with his son, he decided to diner at Westgate Supermarket in Nairobi on September 23, 2013. Hostage with tens of Kenyans, he is shot in cold blood by the Shebab Somalis.
         Liberian President William Tolbert was born on May 13, 1913, Mason and pastor of the Baptist Church, constantly wore a large cross on his white suits like the conjuring spell bound at birth. This has not Samuel Kanyon Doe Sergeant to shoot him coolly on April 13, 1980 with his family in their apartment in Monrovia. 13 of his ministers knew publicly executed at the beach in front of Monrovia mondiovision.

Here are their bibographies and some personnalites killed on that curse of 13!

Abbas Hilmi I, Viceroy of Egypt.

          Son of Ahmed Pasha Tousoum, and nephew of Mehemet Ali *, born in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) in 1813
. Nephew and successor of Ibrahim Pasha* which he succeeded on his death on November 10, 1848. He become Viceroy of Egypt's November 10 November 1848 to 13 July 1854. Conservative, he opposed the modernization of Egypt and the European advisers hunting his uncle Ibrahim whom he succeeded in 1884. It combines Ottoman forces in the Crimean War between Russia and France coalition-Britain, Sardinia and Turkey from 1854 to 1855. He died, strangled by two of his servants to Bahna near Cairo on July 13, 1854.

The Emperor Theodoros Kassa Hailu, son of Hailu Wolde-Guiorguis, born about 1818 in Metraha on the shores of Lake Tana. On February 8, 1855, he seized power and was crowned in Darasgué Negast Negus (King of Kings) under the name of the mythical emperor of the golden age Theodoros II, successor of David I by the Abuna Salama (patriarch of the Coptic Church). Britain annoyed by his brutality decides to send in an impressive body Expeditionary Ethiopia from India comprising 32,000 men including 4,000 Europeans, 16,000 combatants (Turks, Sikhs, Persians, Egyptians), 70 warships, three ships hospitals, 31,500 pack animals or war including 44 elephants. Not to be taken alive, he committed suicide with a pistol in his fortified palace stormed of Magdala on  April 13, 1868.

Tolbert William Emmett Richard, president of Liberia.

         Born on  May 13, 1913
in Bensonville (act. Bentol City) in Montserrado County. After his primary education at Bensonville, was admitted to the college of Protestant missionaries Episcopalians Crummell Hall in Clay Ashland and college Liberia (now University of Liberia), where he graduated in 1934. In 1952, he received his doctorate in law from the University of Liberia. He began his career as a secretary in the Ministry of Finance in 1935, before climbing the ranks of the public service. In 1943, he was elected in Montserrado County. Pastor of the Baptist Church, Doctor of Laws, former president of the Baptist World Alliance (1965-1970), he is also Grand Master of the Masonic lodge in Africa. Vice-President, he succeeded as President of Liberia to William Tubman, who died in July 1971. In 1973, he escaped to the first coup fomented by the Deputy Minister of Defence, Prince Kroo, N.A. Browne (sentenced to death and executed immediately). In foreign policy, in 1973, Liberia severed diplomatic relations with Israel, builds relationships with the U.S.S.R. and receives in 1975 in Monrovia, Prime Minister of South Africa, Balthazar Johannes Vorster. He was elected in 1975. He creates a fund to assist liberation movements of southern Africa. In 1978, he received the visit of U.S. President, Jimmy Carter. After his visit to France in 1979, Liberia was invited to the Franco-African summit in Kigali in May of the same year. Reelected in July 1979, he organized in Monrovia fourteenth summit of heads of states of the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.). On April 12, 1980, he was overthrown and murdered in his apartment in Monrovia with his family on the orders of Sergeant Samuel Kanyon Doe. Thirteen of his ministers and close are executed to beach of Monrovia. The images of the execution are broadcast by television ten days later. His assassination is seen as a humiliation throughout Africa, because he is the first chairman of the O.A.U. to be overthrown and killed in his office. Until his overthrow and his horrible murder on September 10, 1990, his killer and successor, President Samuel Kanyon Doe, had never been accepted by his African peers, because of this barbaric coup.

Ruben Um Nyobe, Independence hero of Cameroon.

         Born
on September 13, 1913 at Song Mpeck near Boumnyébel (in the region of the Sanaga-Maritime). From 1920, he studied at the Presbyterian mission of Makai. He was baptized and received the name of Ruben. After his primary schooling Eseka, he passed his school certificate in 1929 and continued his secondary education at the Normal School of Teachers of Foulassi (near Sangmélima). He began his career as a certified instructor in the Presbyterian schoolof Edea until 1935. He obtained a bachelor party in 1939 and managed the support of committed civil and financial services. He was appointed finance director in Yaoundé and the Court Clerk committed at Edea and Ngaoundéré. He militates in the French Cameroonian Youth (JEU.CA.FR.A.) launched in 1938, by the French High Commissioner Richard Brunot and chaired by Paul Soppo-Priso*. He becomes unionist  in 1945 and 1947, he was elected Secretary General of the Union of Trade Unions of Cameroon Confederate (U.S.C.C.). On 10 April 1948, he founded at Douala with Felix Moumie* , and Abel Kingué*  Ernest Ouandié*, the Union of Populations of Cameroon (U.P.C.), a branch of the African Democratic Rally (Rassemblement Démocratique Africain -R.D.A.) located mainly in countries Bassa and Bamileké. In June 1949, he was laid off. In 1950, his party claims the unification and independence of Cameroon. He appears three times (1952, 1953 and 1954) before the Fourth Committee of the United Nations in New York. Returned from China in 1953, Félix Moumié,become radical member of U.P.C.. He is removed from his administrative duties in 1954. On 15th May 1955, he joined the resistance and prepares his revolution. On April 22, 1955, trade unions and politicians close to U.P.C. publicly demanding the end of French rule in Cameroon on  December 13, 1956 at the latest. From 22 to 3 May 1955, he foments revolts in Bafoussam, at Ngambé in Douala and Yaounde to N'kongsamba. The results of these riots are heavy: 25 dead and 357 arrests. He becomes a marked man for the French colonial administration. On July 13, 1955, the U.P. is excluded from R.D.A. then prohibited. Underground, U.P.C. created its armed wing: the National Organizing Committee (N.O.C.). In the bush, he wrote political texts published for the Opinion in Cameroon, the journal of Dr. Marcel Bebey-Eyidi.Betrayed by his adviser Theodore Mayi Matip*, he was captured and shot by a French-Chad-Cameroon patrol on  September 13, 1957. His successor Félix-Roland Moumié himelf is poisoned by a French secret agent in Geneva in November 1960 and his friend Ernest Ouandié  between underground. Less than two years after his death on 1 January 1960, the French Cameroon became independent before the English Cameroon which became independent in October 1960. In February 1960 the U.P.C. is restored by President Ahmadou Ahidjo*, but its founder is prohibited quote and hidden memory. Yet he is considered by many Cameroonians as a symbol of national claim and his supporters as a true "Hero Martyr" of the independence of Cameroon.

Prince Rwagasore Louis, Independence leader of Burundi, Eldest son of Mwami Mwambutsa Bagiricenge IV born on January 10, 1932 was assassinated on October 13, 1961 after forming the self-government by a Greek national, Jean Karageorgis (executed on June 30, 1961, on the eve of the independence of Burundi). This murder was sponsored by the Belgian colonial authorities unhappy with the election results and the support that Rwagasore and U.PRO.NA. brought to Lumumbists and Mouvement National Congolais (M.N.C.).

Sylvanus Olympio, the first Togo president have been killed on 13 January 1963 by Etienne Gnassingbe Eyadema (1935-2005), former infantryman, promoted by France.

mardi 4 février 2014

Africa : Mistresses Stories ... We don’t care !


François Hollande-Julie Gayet  affair: What's that ?

French president, François Hollande could easily find his African peers solidarity and comfort in the event that constitutes the revelations his hidden relationship with actress Julie Gayet . He accomplished one, two, or three terms are still several decades at the helm of his country, the African head of state does not have to fear unpacking its relationship with actual or supposed mistress. Neither the press, yet more and more free on the continent, nor his most vocal opponents never venture on this ground . In a part of the continent, nobody is offended that the president has a first, second or third "office" . The real power is measured in terms of conquests. And elected welcome generally be passed through the bed of the head, which leverages conferences, seminars and meetings, according to a proven method. The "target" is found, because usually its conquering chest or behind its attractive, then the protocol into action: "The boss wants to see you after ..." The head can therefore type" in all directions. But the teachers must refrain from any kind of boxing to endanger public order.

The African leader has the right to collect mistresses!

Elsewhere on the continent, one never knows nothing of secret of the "boss" . Sometimes a requirement of moral rectitude requires the latter to abandon his nocturnal escapades before access to the highest offices. And if, exceptionally, he indulges, his "subjects" do not talk about: it is a taboo  In some countries, it is recognized that the leader takes a second, a third and even a fourth wife. All legitimate. So there is a first, a second and a third first lady. A real headache for the protocol. Especially for the organization of official ceremonies.
One last reason explains that in Africa, relations with the chief women not generate any public debate: the first ladies have no status, do not have an office in the Palace, not included in any official organization . To live no longer hidden and differentiate themselves from their rivals, most legitimate wives thus create a foundation for the fight against A.I.D.S., malaria or excision. Patrons are scrambling to fund their initiatives, including public media are widely reported. This is the difference between a first lady, a lawful wife and a mistress. For the latter, even in Africa, continues to live in hiding.
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Based on an article of Jeune Afrique of January 27, 2014.