dimanche 27 octobre 2013

Zaïre/Venezuela/Uruguay: What Does not we invent on the name of the revolution?

 
Zaire: Ministry of mobilization and political Animation.

         In Zaïre (current D.R.C.) of Mobutu Sese Seko (1965-1997), there was a Ministry of mobilization, propaganda and political animation. He was responsible for consolidating of the dancers, singers and writers hodgepodge of slogans in praise of enlightened guide of authentic Zairian Revolution. They were paid, housed, fed, clothed, cared for each event throughout the whole of the Republic.
         They were even sent abroad, including Togo, Rwanda and Chad to teach their brothers and African sisters how to wiggle rent Gnassingbé Eyadema (1967-2005), Juvenal Habyarimana (1973-1994) and Hissène Habré (1982-1990), apprentices of the Zairean authenticity!
         On the death of the helmsman and builder of Zaire, dancers disappeared without hope of recycling, while performers filled the streets of the Congolese cities with "Bastards" born during the policy group sessions.
         The budget of the Ministry of the more unproductive country was more important than agriculture, proclaimed "Top priority" each year. Thus Mobutu, who ruined one of the most potentially rich country with unbridled worship of his person!

Venezuela: A Deputy Minister of supreme social happiness of the people.


         Venezuela has innovated with the enlightened imagination ... Fire Hugo Chavez. In his socialist revolution, the late Hugo Chavez has not had time to put feet on a ministry devoted his boundless populism. His successor Nicolás Maduro Moros corrected this error. He has created Vice Ministry, in charge of "supreme social happiness of the people". The deputy minister Dr. Rachel Rios, former Socialist deputy is responsible among other things for overseeing government assistance programs for people with disabilities themselves homeless.
The goal, says President Maduro, is "to take care of this as there are more sublime, more sensitive, more delicate, more aimbale in a person who assumes a Christian, revolutionary Chavista"
         In Europe, it is called simply "General Hospice" and we do not need to be a Christian, revolutionary or "Chavista" for leading the institution.

The  true revolution is on the border of Venezuela!

         While the president of neighboring Uruguay, Jose Mujica Cordano, alias "Pepe Mujica" (78), former Tupamaros guerrillas and the smaller the world head of state, gives 90% of his salary presidential to charities grants or to help "small business" of his country without a ministry ....the pompous title.
         In June 2002, during the cold spell suffered by Uruguay, he entered the presidential residence, that is to say his small working farm outside of Montevideo, where he lived for 19 years on the list of shelters for the homeless. There is only one well. A 23-year-old Beetle and his family fortune (with his wife, Senator Lucia Topolansky), was evaluated in 2012 to 4.2 million Uruguayan pesos (about 170,000 euros). Safety of his farm is provided by two policemen.
"They call me the poorest president. But I am not poor (...) The poor man is one who fights to keep a train of expensive life", He said.

jeudi 24 octobre 2013

Morocco: An amazigh bomb out of the polls in 2013.

 
There are twenty years ... Skalli Badia and Latifa Bennani Smires !

        
A Moroccan woman, old Istiqlalian, youth dares to present in legislative elections in 1984, she attracts the curiosity of passers-by who contemplate Istiqlal posters on the walls of Fez. Nobody gives her any chance of winning. Her name nor did Skalli Badia some confuse with the composer of the Moroccan national anthem.
        
As was to be expected: she fails miserably and Morocco of H.M. Hassan II closes the door of the political emancipation of women. The Mudawana, an archaic law that considers women as a minor still has good days ahead.
        
In his left, she was able to gain respect and serves on the Executive Committee in 1989. Rebelote, she occurs again in the elections of June 1993 and bingo, this time it's good, she was elected handily. She managed to convince her students and colleagues at the Faculty of Letters of the University where she teaches. Not only because she is a woman, but more importantly, she is a PhD graduate from 1980.

In Casablanca, another intellectual appears on the posters of the opposition!

        
She has more academic qualifications, but also she leads a teaching career mastery of Economics at the Faculty of Law in Rabat. And icing on the cake, she has a strange political history. In 1962, a year after the accession of King Hassan II to power in 1961, she adheres to the National Union of Students of Morocco, the spearhead of the National Union of Popular Forces of Mehdi Ben Barka, friend and confidant of the king, who will soon become his nemesis.

Constant victim of Mudawana!

        
When in 1965 a student strike becomes popular uprising, the Hassan II regime sends all her comrades of the committee of U.N.E.M. in prison except her, because she is a woman. Instead of rejoicing, she is deeply hurt. Damn Mudawana! She married, but loses her husband in a car accident three years later. This widowhood expensive her.
         In 1976, she is a candidate for U.N.F.P. in municipal elections. During his election campaign, the party forbidden to mention his status as a widow! She is not elected despite the sympathy of thousands of Moroccans. Also because of this archaic Mudawana! In the municipal 1983, she was elected in the electoral district of Maari in Casablanca, but she fails in the legislative elections of 1984.

Curiosities in the Moroccan Representive House.

        
On 25 June 1993, she was finally elected in Mohammedi-Derb Sultan in the district of Hay in Casablanca under the label of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces, while her colleague Skalli Badia triumph in Fez. Pioneers in the white male atmosphere of more than 300 men, curious and intrigued that hardly dare look at the cameras to avoid the wrath of their wives at home. Many believe that the Mudawana living its last days. Unfortunately not, the parenthesis  Skalli Badia/Bennani Smires is quickly closed. In 2004, it took the throne of Mohammed VI to see abolished Moudawama, but the transformation of royal decisions in constitutional laws and their application in everyday life take time.

In Morocco to break Mudawana must educate Moroccans first.

         Especially when it is defended by University, who do not suffer because of it every day! Like all political symbols, both disappear from the political scene without leaving much trace. Latifa Bennani Smires just managed to publish a book on ... “Moroccan cuisine” and to painfully adopt tobacco control legislation and hookah! Skalli Badia became secretary general of the Moroccan Organization against the culture of hatred (O.M.H.) in 2003.
        
In the municipal elections of 2003, in the absence of introduction of a quota, the feminization of local officials remained very limited, if not anecdotal: 6,024 women are candidates of 122,069 applicants and only 127 women were elected about 23,689 seats. None of them became president of a municipal council. And despite the introduction a year earlier of a national list for women.

Extraterrestrial Anti-Atlas to the antechamber of power!

        
To persuade me extraterrestrial origins, a Moroccan friend told me with a straight face that it is under the feet of the Atlas that was housed civilization of Atlantis. That was why Atlas of Greek Mythology " the man with the globe on his shoulders " gave the name to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Why not! It was there that Fatima Chahou ...
        
Fatima Chahou aka Tabaamrant Tatima Rayssa was born in 1963 in Bougafer, she spent her childhood in Ifrane, in the Anti-Atlas, in Berber tribe Ait Baamran located in south of Tanit. She lost her mother (poisoned)  very young. Working in the work field, alongside her stepmother, who submit to bullying and abuse, she attend any school than preparing to become a good wife. In 1979, the married very young and she fled a month after the wedding. She attended the itinerant Berber singers.

Illiterate, poet, composer and very popular even among intellectuals.

        
Sensitive, she becomes a poet and singer with the three tenors Jamaa El Hamidi, Said Achtouk and Lhadj Mohamed Demsiri, died in 1989. In the early 1990s, with her ​​ voice less acute than other Amazigh singers, she quickly became a professional singer, founder and president of his own company and sings his own poems in the following year. In 1994, a concert dedicated to the Amazigh music at the Opera Garnier in Paris, causes real riots. In 1996, she acquired her own recording studio with the help of a husband, that she has chosen. She sings thoughtful and meaningful topics such as the status of women, the claim of amazhiges cultural rights, social and moral criticism, etc... Her audio and video cassettes are appreciated by the Berbers of the Moroccan of South, Central and North, and also by the Algerian Berbers. In the early 1980s, she starred in an autobiographical film "Tihiya". She occurs in the major cultural events in North Africa and toured in Europe. In 2005, she received the award for best song tachelhit of the year (R.T.M.) for "Yaouit Yaouit".

From the musical scene to the Moroccan Parliament: Let all talking Amazigh now!

        
On 25 November 2013, she feels quite popular to enter politics. She presents the general elections under the banner of the party Rally of Independents (R.N.I.). During his campaign, she says that she wants to participate in the construction of a new Morocco, mainly after the significant gains contained in the new constitution (2004), giving prominence to the Amazigh culture, dedicating it as an official language. Besides his actions in this battle is that salvation includes all Amazigh, three fingers raised, Amazigh symbols (akal, awal, afgan "land, language, man").
        
Upon entering parliament, she expressed in Amazigh that most members do not understand. Since her election, the Moroccan parlement takes a special budget to reflect the Amazigh in Arabic! In fact, His Majesty Mohammed IV did he spoke Amazigh to understand Rayssa? Otherwise, he will be obliged to have an atrium under his white Jellaba.

The cross of Agadir crosses the Arab sand:  Moroccan Islamists have to behave themselves..
 
Her repertory is a real political program:
-The Amazigh , the peace of our God be with us.
-The salvation of our father on you is a good word.
-Amazigh, do not neglect your language.
-The Son of our country, you are all Amazigh.
-He grieves us, who has lost her child.
-He did not initiate the Amazigh language.
-Being brought home to discover its origin.
-He can not communicate with his family.
-Know you have the love of your culture.
-Let us help each other, that we may lead our task.

dimanche 20 octobre 2013

Iraq/Syria: When we talk about chemical weapons of Bachar el-Assad, should he read the story of Saddam Hussein?

 
Saddam Hussein, the arab hero and the murderous tyrant.*

         Saddam Hussein, who was hanged on 30 December 2006 at 69, was as murderous a tyrant as any yet witnessed by history; for more than two decades he ruled Iraq with a contempt for humanity that made him feared and hated in equal measure.
         He survived wars, uprisings, attempted coups and assassinations with all the instincts of a street fighter. A hero to some Arabs for his defiance of America and Israel, Saddam was demonised by some of the western powers that had armed and supported him in the 1980s as a bulwark against revolutionary Islamic Iran.
         No ideologue, Saddam owed his popularity to crude appeals to Arab nationalism and Iraqi patriotism. Supported by a loyal band of "enforcers", including his sons Uday and Qusay, he stopped at nothing to preserve his personal power and the survival of his regime. 

The name Saddam, means «he who conforts»

         The name "Saddam" means "he who confronts", but his 12-year defiance of the U.N. and refusal to co-operate with weapons inspectors resulted in a U.S.-led coalition invading his country. Operation Iraqi Freedom, launched on March 20 2003, was intent on achieving regime change.
         After the resistance of his army collapsed Saddam fled, prompting a huge manhunt which ended with American troops finding him hiding in a foxhole near Tikrit in December 2003. A year-long trial ensued, which Saddam attempted to turn into a political platform; it ended in his being sentenced to death for the torture and execution of 148 Shias.
         Before the war Saddam had consistently dared his enemies in the West to take action against him. Offered the chance to seek refuge in another Arab state, he refused to go into exile, declaring: "We will sacrifice our families and our children before we surrender Iraq."
         He had already led Iraq into two disastrous conflicts: with Iran from 1980 to 1988, and with a US-led coalition that expelled Iraqi troops from Kuwait in 1991 after a brutal seven-month occupation. His disputes with the UN over disarmament kept crippling UN sanctions in place from 1990; but he held the UN at bay until weapons inspectors finally withdrew in December 1998. 

The Operation Desert Fox and the alleged weapons of mass destruction.

         A U.S.-British bombing blitz, Operation Desert Fox, followed; but Iraq did not readmit the U.N. inspectors until November 2002, when the Security Council gave Saddam a last chance to surrender any "weapons of mass destruction" or face "serious consequences".
         Saddam underestimated the tenacity of President George W Bush, who claimed that the Iraqi leader had links to Al Qa'eda and posed a deadly threat to the region, the West and to his own people. The Bush White House stepped up its campaign against Saddam after September 11, the President denouncing Iraq as part of an "Axis of Evil". Bush was increasingly determined to go after "the man who tried to kill my dad", a reference to an alleged Iraqi plot to assassinate George Bush senior in Kuwait in 1993.
         Saddam's invasion of Kuwait, on August 2 1990, was an act of political desperation. Left almost bankrupt by an eight-year war with Iran, and then further hit by a fall in oil prices, in seizing Kuwait he had brought his troops the illusion of glory and taken control of a fifth of the world's oil reserves.
         But five days after the invasion, the Security Council ordered a worldwide boycott on trade with Iraq, including purchases of oil, sales of weapons and all other forms of economic assistance. A united force of American, British, French, Dutch, Soviet and Arab troops gathered in the Gulf and a deadline of January 15 1991 was set for his unconditional withdrawal from Kuwait. 

The Operation Desert Storm and the Scud missiles launched on Israël.

         Just before midnight on January 16 the Allied forces launched Operation Desert Storm with an air strike on Baghdad and occupied Kuwait. The following night seven Scud missiles were launched on Israel, as Saddam endeavoured to split the Arab and Western alliance and to turn the Gulf conflict into a Holy War between Arabs and Jews. Israel, however, stayed its hand; and, as the war continued, Iraq took a formidable pounding.
         Saddam's nuclear and chemical warfare capacity was shattered; his centralised air fighter command was destroyed; and his country suffered casualties running into tens of thousands. Saddam's troops, meanwhile, set alight oil wells the length of the Kuwaiti border. At dawn on February 24 the Allied ground offensive began. Within 48 hours more than 25,000 Iraqi troops and 270 enemy tanks had been captured. On February 26 Saddam ordered his army to withdraw. Twenty-four hours later Kuwait City was liberated, and on the morning of February 28 President Bush Snr announced a ceasefire. Yet Saddam remained in power, owing to a marked political reluctance to invade Iraq itself to finish off its president. 

The cyanide of “Chemical Ali”  to eradicate 5.000 Kurdish insurgents.

         Hopes were pinned instead on a widespread internal revolt that broke out soon after the end of the war. Saddam lost control of the Kurdish-held north of Iraq in 1991, but used his security agencies and tribal patronage networks to hold on to the rest of the country. Though the Iraqi military was in tatters, his secret police and personal army had survived the war largely unscathed. Used to repressing dissent, he was soon using chemical weapons on insurgent Kurds in the north of the country and on Shi'ite rebels in the south.
         Troublesome ethnic minorities had long been a favoured target of Saddam, who had previously crushed the Marsh Arabs by draining their natural habitat; and in 1988 he had demonstrated his willingness to use weapons of mass destruction by gassing 5,000 Kurds with cyanide at Halabja.
         It was these weapons that increasingly became the focus of the U.N.'s concern. At the end of the Gulf War, the Security Council had ordered Iraq to destroy its chemical, biological and nuclear capability, and had set up a U.N. Special Commission (U.N.S.C.O.M.) to verify the process. Seven years after the end of the Gulf War, Saddam's grip on Iraq was as strong as ever, his hold in part financed by his family's control of the lucrative black market in goods that had evaded the U.N.'s embargo. The sanctions made life miserable for the ordinary citizens of Iraq, but Saddam prospered to the extent that, in 2000, Forbes magazine rated him the 55th richest person in the world, valuing him at $7 billion. 

Where was the ability of Saddam's nuclear and chemical warfare?

         Emboldened by his sustained hold on power, and having recently survived a bungled coup sponsored by MI6 and the C.I.A., in December 1997 Saddam barred the U.N.S.C.O.M. inspectors from visiting his presidential palaces. He had built eight new ones since the Gulf War, one of them reportedly larger than Versailles, and the inspectors believed that they concealed large parts of Saddam's biological arsenal.
         America and Britain responded to the ban on the inspectors by moving forces into the Gulf in the hope of forcing Saddam to back down. But Russia, France and China did not support the Anglo-American stance at the Security Council, and the Arab world had sympathy with Saddam.
         With Iraq intransigent, and American air-strikes on Iraq imminent, in February 1998 the U.N. Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, travelled to Baghdad to try to broker a settlement. To general relief  and surprise, Saddam agreed that U.N.S.C.O.M. could now visit the prohibited sites, although the terms of the deal remained vague, particularly on the contentious matter of the length of time allowed for the inspections.
         In December 1998 the U.N.'s chief weapons inspector, Richard Butler, accused Saddam of failing to co-operate. A four-day bombing campaign by America and Britain, authorised by President Bill Clinton, was intended to degrade Iraq's ability to produce or deliver weapons of mass destruction, and the diplomatic stand-off continued until November 2002, when weapons inspectors under Hans Blix were once again admitted to Iraq. By then America was on a countdown to war. 

Saddam Husein al-Majjed al-Tikri, a poor bastard tormented by a  stepfather thief.

         Saddam Hussein al-Majeed al-Tikriti was born on April 28 1937 in the village of al-Quja, a poor farming area near Tikrit, about 100 miles north of Baghdad. He was taunted as a child for being illegitimate, and also tormented by a bullying stepfather. Big for his age, the young Saddam quickly learnt how to defend himself. The jibes stopped when, at the age of 10, he acquired his first pistol.
         Saddam's stepfather forced him into a life of petty crime, stealing chickens and sheep to be sold, but he was more influenced by his uncle, Khaytallah Tulfah, a schoolteacher in Baghdad who nurtured a deep sense of grievance against the Iraqi monarchy. It was he who sent Saddam to school and after Saddam had, aged 14, committed his first murder by shooting a relative, it was his uncle who offered him shelter. Saddam abandoned his job as a ticket collector on the Tikrit-Baghdad bus route and set out for his uncle's home in the capital.
         There he continued his education, but his poor grades meant he was rejected by the national military academy, so limiting his chances of advancement. This failure was a blow to his self-esteem that he took care to correct when he later came to power: the academy's record was altered to show that he had passed out as a star pupil.

His political crime of learning: assassinate of General Abdul Karim Kassem.

         By the age of 17 Saddam had enrolled at law school and had become an avid supporter of the secular, nationalist Ba'ath Party. In 1956 he took part in their attempted coup against King Faisal II and, though the plot failed, it marked the beginning of the Ba'athists' rise to power.
         The Republic of Iraq was established two years later by a group of army officers, after a coup in which the king and his prime minister were killed. The army leader, General Abdul Karim Kassem, installed himself as prime minister but soon ran into trouble with the Ba'athists by wooing their rivals, the Iraqi Communists.
         The next year, when the Ba'athist opposition struck at Kassem, Saddam was among the 10 men chosen to assassinate him. They ambushed Kassem's car, killing the driver and an aide, but Kassem escaped. Saddam, who was supposed to be giving covering fire, became carried away by the excitement and rushed in; he was hit in the leg, but managed to limp off as his companions were rounded up. He later claimed that he had cut out the bullet with a knife and hobbled off to find sanctuary in his home village. In fact, he had been helped by a sympathetic doctor (whom he was to execute in 1997). Saddam then fled to Egypt.

Why did Colonel Abdel Nasser help him?

         When his part in the attempt on Kassem became known, Saddam was taken under the wing of President Nasser, who supplied him with funds to help him continue his studies. Saddam was spellbound by Nasser's oratory, and much influenced by his grandiose plans for an independent community of Arab nations.
         In 1963 Kassem was overthrown and executed by the Ba'ath, and Saddam returned to Baghdad as head of the civilian wing of the party. He began to place family members in key posts, only to see the Ba'athists ousted by another military coup within nine months. 

In 1966, he escaped from prison and pursued his Law degree.

         Saddam was hunted down and bravely refused to surrender until his ammunition ran out. He was jailed, but escaped from prison in 1966. Once in hiding, he formed his own militia and, in July 1968, launched the bloodless coup that put the Ba'ath government of General Bakr in office. Within a year Saddam was deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (R.C.C.).
         To mark his ascent to power, and to lay the foundations for his own personality cult, Saddam had his family tree rewritten to show descent from the Prophet Mohammed. He also pursued his Law degree, ensuring his success in the final examination by turning up for his viva voce with four bodyguards and a pistol in his belt.
         Bakr and Saddam quickly showed that they had no intention of sharing power with others. Several coup attempts were crushed in bloody fashion, and mass executions and incarcerations became part of life in Iraq.
         In the early 1970s Saddam began to nationalise the Iraq Petroleum Company, a consortium of British, European and American firms that made Iraq the Middle East's second largest supplier of oil. When oil prices rocketed in the mid-1970s, much of the new wealth found its way into the hands of Saddam's family.
         With Bakr increasingly a peripheral figure in the regime, by the late 1970s Saddam had become an astute diplomat, trading on the anxiety of both the West and the Soviet Union to secure him as an ally. In 1972 he visited the Kremlin, signing a 15-year treaty of friendship and co-operation. Large amounts of Soviet weaponry were soon being sent to Baghdad.
         He also took steps to improve relations with his more immediate neighbours, most notably settling Iraq's long-standing dispute with Iran over the river boundary between them, the Shatt-al-Arab waterway. 

Under the mantle of dictatorship, he embarks on a purge of his opponents.

         In July 1979 a special closed session of the R.C.C. decided to depose President Bakr and transfer his powers to Saddam. But the putsch was not universally popular within the Ba'ath hierarchy, prompting Saddam to embark on a purge of his opponents. On July 22, five days after his inauguration as president, Saddam called a special meeting of senior Ba'ath Party members at a conference centre opposite the presidential palace. Most of the 1,000 delegates were unaware of the drama that was to unfold. Sixty-six alleged conspirators against the government were denounced by Saddam from the podium before being taken away and shot.
         Saddam rapidly assumed the mantle of dictatorship, surrounding himself with henchmen from his home town and placing members of his extended family in all the key positions of government. Opponents were exterminated (one wavering minister was shot dead during a cabinet meeting). Those spared a firing squad were subjected to videos showing the execution of their friends. Among the forms of torture common in Baghdad's military prisons were the amputation of sexual organs, the hammering of nails into the body and the dissolving of limbs in vats of acid. Even his closest relations were not safe. In 1996 Saddam had two of his sons-in-law killed for defecting to Jordan, having lured them back to Iraq with a false pardon. 

His two sons: murderers and off-the-law.

         Saddam's relationship with his two sons, Uday and Qusay, was turbulent. Uday was once sentenced to death for murder; he was later reprieved and banished to Switzerland before being allowed to return home. Qusay was given the task of supervising Iraqi intelligence and the security services. Both sons were eventually killed by American troops at Mosul in July 2003.
         As rising oil sales brought prosperity in the late 1970s, Saddam poured money into government construction projects, as well as into municipal housing developments and facilities for higher education. He arranged free medical care for the poor and made generous donations to the Third World. Iraqi women were allowed, by Middle Eastern standards, comparative freedom. 

The Iran-Iraq war and the current situation in Baghdad.

         After the fall of the Shah of Iran in 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini called on the Shi'ite Muslims of Iraq to rebel against Saddam, a member of the rival Sunni Muslim sect. Saddam responded by expelling 40,000 Shi'ites, arresting thousands more and executing many others.
         Fearing that a volatile Iran would herald American intervention in the Gulf, in 1980 Saddam ordered the invasion that developed into the Iran-Iraq war, a conflict of attrition in which the death toll eventually rivalled that of the First World War. Both sides were covertly supported by America and Britain in the hope that they might provide a check to each other's ambitions.
         Both Iran and Iraq were slowly weakened by the continual drain on their economic and human resources, and in 1988 the U.N. managed to broker a cease-fire. Yet despite Saddam's failure to destroy Iran, and his appalling disregard for the rights of his people and his atrocities against the Kurds, he was still regarded by the West as the best bulwark against Islamic fundamentalism. British and American firms vied with one another for Iraq's plump rearmament contracts, and by the end of the 1980s Saddam's army was the fourth largest in the world. He had an arsenal of Scud missiles, a sophisticated nuclear weapons programme under way and chemical and biological weapons in development.

When the author of the drama turns into a playwright

         Saddam fostered his cult of personality by publishing two novels, one of which was turned into a play entitled Zabibah and the King and was about a lonely monarch who falls in love with a commoner. He was obsessed with grandiose building projects: one of the biggest was the Umm Al-Maarik, or the "Mother of All Battles" mosque in central Baghdad, which was completed in 2001. The minarets were designed to resemble Scud missiles on launch pads.
         Saddam rarely slept in the same place on successive nights, and used body doubles to confuse potential assassins. Often he would rise at 3 am to go for a swim. His vanity was such that he dyed his hair and moustache, and avoided wearing his thick glasses whenever possible. He enjoyed western confectionery (especially Quality Street) and western films, particularly thrillers such as The Day of the Jackal; his favourite film was The Godfather. 
Twice married, he never sleeps in the same bed.

         Saddam Hussein married, in 1958, his cousin Sajida, the daughter of his uncle, Khairallah Tulfah. In addition to their two sons they had three daughters.
         When Uday was four, his father took him to watch dissidents being tortured in prison. Saddam imposed little discipline on his "cubs", allowing them to terrorise their school and teachers.
         The marriage to Sajida ended after Saddam ordered the murder of her brother, Adnan. An official separation was arranged whereby she acquired the title "Lady of Ladies", and she remained unchallenged as his official companion. Saddam had meanwhile married a teacher, Samira Shahabandar, who soon afterwards took the title "First Lady".
         Saddam continued to have affairs, especially with blondes. Parisoula Lampsos was a mistress for three decades. He is also said to have taken as a third wife a dancer, Nedhal al-Hamdani.
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*Published by The Telegraph on January 1, 2007.

samedi 19 octobre 2013

Switzerland: The Swiss Confederation loses one square meter of its territory.

 
A new state was born in Aecherpass in the small town of obwaldienne Kerne (O.W.) near Sarnen. A Bernese artist Peter Kees wrote on October 14, 2013 to the Federal Council to explain that Switzerland not exercise its power in this piece of land called Arcadia.This micro-state has a flag, and even issue visas, granted asylum.
The artist, who describes himself as the ambassador of this country hopes to increase the experience in the world.
         "Arcadia is a square meter of happiness, shelter, freedom. This is a response to the depravity of civilization", said Peter Kees to the ATS. “It is a vision of the ideal state, a fantasy of the history and European culture”, he added.
         The artist has created two micro-states of Arcadia last summer in Finland and Germany. Both countries have responded positively to his artistic initiative, said the German, whose creations are best known in the German-speaking world.
         The reaction of the Confederation to that independence is not yet known. The Division of International Law of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs had not yet responded to this provocation.

To be or not to be continued!

vendredi 18 octobre 2013

Greece: Food aid to the Minister of Finance.

 
Municipal employees to Athens tried on october 19, 2013, to deliver the Greek Finance Minister baskets containing food aid (olive oil, tomatoes, etc.). To mock the great financier who had complained of the situation vulnerable members of his family.
         During a radio show last week, said Yannis Stournaras fully understand the events of his fellow hard-hit by the austerity measures imposed in 2011 in exchange for international financial assistance.
         "I know what it 's like to live with 500 euros per month"
, said the Minister. “This is the case of people in my own family, who are trying to get food with very few resources, my mother, my stepfather, my stepmother…" he added.
         The security forces have prevented dozens of demonstrators from approaching the Syntagma Square, where are the Ministry of Finance and Parliament. Some waved a photo of minister surrounded by pictures of homeless sleeping in the streets. "For the mom Stournaras" could be read on some banners.
         For unions, the symbolic event was meant to "an act of compassion for a hard hit by the crisis family"
.
         "We hope that the Minister will appreciate the gesture and will not ask us a receipt".

lundi 14 octobre 2013

Egypt: Two women scholars revolutionizing the world at the price of their life.*

 

Nobel Prizes postmortem ... to Hypatia of Alexandria and Moussa Samira!


Hypatia of Alexandria, the lunar crater.

         Daughter of the philosopher, astronomer and mathematician Theon of Alexandria * born in Alexandria in 370 A.D. . After his studies in Athens, she teaches Philosophy and Mathematics in Athens and at the Platonists School of Alexandria. She is sometimes invited to give public lectures in Alexandria by the governor of the city, Orestes. She published a critical edition of the works of Euclid (The Elements), of Ptolemy (The Almagest), of Diophantus, of Apollonius of Perge (The Wedge).

Mathematician, she dies stoned by monks Nitrians!

         She invented the astrolabe and the hydroscope. Pagan, she is accused of encouraging the persecution of Christians. Envied by Saint Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, who perceived her as an enemy to Christian thought (especially she taught that the moon was not flat but round), she dies stoned by monks Nitrians (sect of fanatical Christians) conducted by Peter the preacher in Alexandria in 415 A.D.. She was 45 years old, single. She is the first woman in history to have made ​​a significant contribution to the development of mathematics. Her works were all destroyed in the fire of the great library of Alexandria.
         It was not until the Renaissance that a second wife, the Milanese Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718-1799) to make a name in Mathematics. The British novelist Charles Kingsley (1819-1875), author of The Water Babies (1863) has made Hypatia heroine of one of his novels. The French poet Charles-Marie Lecomte de Lisle (1818-1894) dedicated her a poem in "Ancient Poems". The poet and playwright Mario Luzi (1914-1959) wrote the play "Libro di Ipazia (The Book of Hypatia)" which is the central character of the French novelist and poet Marie-Florence Ehret (1950 -) built her novel around the character "Hypatia, daughter of Theon, Workshops breakers, Paris, 2001”. Her name was given to a lunar crater.
His bibliography included such as:
-Comment on Diophantus.
-Astronomical Canon.
-Comment on conical of Apollonius of Perge.
-Tables of Ptolemy.


Samira Moussa: The immortal Arab Marie Curie.

         Fourth daughter of Ali Hadj Moussa born on March 3, 1917 in the village of Sinbu Al-Kubra in the governorate of Al-Gharbiyah. After the Koranic school, she attended elementary school in elementary school "Ash-Qasr showq" before continuing his secondary education at "Banat Al-Ashraf ", one of the first private schools for girls in Cairo founded through the efforts of the feminist Nabawiyah Moussa (1886-1951). In 1935, she was among the first Egyptian to enter the Faculty of Sciences of University Fouad I (nowadays University of Cairo). In 1939, he earned a degree in Biology with highest distinction. She became an assistant professor at the University Fuad I  and became the first Egyptian female to hold such a position. She became also the first Egyptian to earn a doctorate in nuclear physics. Her thesis is on the property of materials to absorb X-rays.

Inventor of the medical use of radioactivity!


         She continued her scientific research on the medical use of radioactivity in England. She also manages to demonstrate that the ring atoms can be used to break down atoms of other materials such as copper. She organizes an international conference on the peaceful use of atomic energy itself. She received a grant to conduct research at the University of California and an internship at the Institute for Science and Education in Oak Ridge, in Tennessee, United States and is authorized to visit nuclear facilities administration the U.S. Atomic safety (N.N.S.A.). In 1951, during a visit to the United States, she accepts an offer to settle in America and the opportunity to make research progress in the Saint Louis University in Missouri. On August 15, 1951, during a trip to California, her vehicle avoids miraculously a collision with a truck bearing a false registration. On his return to Egypt, she plans to install a nuclear laboratory in Al- Haram.

Unexplained fatal bus accident!


         On 15 August 1952, during a trip back home in Egypt, the bus fell into a ravine. She died on the spot. No serious investigation has ever lifted the veil on this accident. Some sources are still wondering: what if it was a bomb disguised as ordinary road accident given the international context of the time and the level of knowledge of "atomic military secrets
" achieved by Samira Moussa? In 1953, she was honored posthumously by the Egyptian Army. In 1981, she was awarded the Order of Arts and Sciences by President Anwar el-Sadat (1918-1970). Her name was given to a laboratory of the Faculty of Sciences installed in his village. Egyptian television has produced and aired a documentary about his life entitled "The Immortal". In 1999, a postage stamp bearing the image of the "Arab Marie Curie" was issued by the Egyptian postal service.
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*Kanyarwunga I.N. Jean, Biographical Dictionary of African
, African New Digital Editions (N.E.N.A.), Dakar, 2013.

dimanche 13 octobre 2013

Morocco: Casablanca, garbage tarnish your whiteness!

 
"Casablanca is the city of the most glaring social disparities, which combines the rich classes and the poors. This is the city of skyscrapers and slums. It is the center of finance and business, but also poverty, unemployment and other ailments, not to mention the waste and garbage that dull whiteness and taint the reputation. The problem of Casablanca is essentially a governance deficit, caused in part by overlapping responsibilities".
 
Address by His Majesty Mohammed VI on the occasion of the opening of the parliamentary year 2013.

        
It is far from the description of Casablanca by Leo Africanus (Hassan El Wazzan) in 1492, during his journey at Anfa which he describes the people in these words: "People of good company, dressed with distinction and speaking fluent in foreign languages​​".

samedi 12 octobre 2013

Kuwait : A test for gay and transgender people.

 
Kuwait is working on a supposed medical test to detect homosexuals during the application of visa, reports Kuwait Times. Gay and transgender people will be denied entry into the Gulf.

         This "clinical examination"
will be added to routine medical check imposed to visa applicants. The medical records of individuals identified as homosexual will be marked "unfit", making them automatically persona non grata.

         "Expatriates conducting medical examinations at local clinics , but this new procedure has stricter measures to identify homosexual and transgender people to the entry in Kuwait or in any state of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar) is prohibited for
them", said Dr. Yousuf Mendakar, the Kuwaiti Ministry of Health. The project will be discussed on October 11 in the Sultanate of Oman.

         How sexual orientation is determined from visa applicants? The Director of Public Health does not say. In Kuwait, the newspaper reported, homosexuality is "stigmatized by society"
and can lead to imprisonment.

jeudi 10 octobre 2013

Tanzania: The poachers are sentenced to death without trial.

 
Kill them all  without warning!

        
Tanzania announced on October 4, 2013, that all poachers arrested in national parks and nature reserves are now killed on the spot in the jungle, ordering his gamekeeper patrolling these areas to apply this Directive with immediate effect. "There will be no forgiveness for poachers who terrorize innocent animals such as elephants, rhinos and other species in this country", said Tanzanian Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Khamis Suedi  Juma Kagasheki*, adding that there was no need to make a case for poachers.
        
The minister made ​​the remarks at the height of the International March for Elephants, held in 15 countries around the world, and Tanzania has covered 3 km in the Tanzanian capital of Arusha, which is also a hotspot for safaris the north. He warned all those guilty of poaching and all those involved in illegal hunting, inviting them to put away their weapons and to find a legitimate work "for anyone found in parks, regardless of the mobile will shot on site".

The Human rights are well worth those animals in Tanzania!

        
Mr. Kagasheki obviously furious poaching incidents in the country with a rich natural environment, warned that hunters illegally killing elephants for their tusks were under the protection of international rich barons and were therefore well armed and equipped and they can generally afford all necessary legal assistance to defend themselves. The head of the conservation of Tanzania said that the issues of human rights did not come into play on this issue and that Tanzania would let deter per person. "I am well aware that the so- called defenders of human rights will be a scandal, saying that the poachers have the right to be brought to justice as everyone else, but I must say things as they are , poachers do not hesitate not only to kill wild animals but also to kill any innocent that discomfort", said Kagasheki.
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*Khamis Suedi Kagasheki born August 30, 1951, member of power party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (C.C.M.) is MP of Bukoba town since 2005. He is the current Minister of Natural Resources and Tourism. He is former director of World Intellectual Property Organization  and  former Tanzanian ambassador in Switzerland.

dimanche 6 octobre 2013

Switzerland: Welcome to heaven or ...to hell!

 
Swiss Post has acknowledged Saturday that it sent by mistake to recently deceased welcome messages to wish them a good facility to their new home people.
         The blunder was revealed by issuing consumer Espresso, broadcast on the radio speaking SFR 1, which gave voice to close, and then confirmed by a spokesman for the postal service. "It hurts", said a caller who has received a package accompanied by a prospectus wishing his father, who died recently, welcome in his new home.

         Errors occurred when relatives reported the death to the Post and is forward mail to their homes, which generated sending kits move. A spokesman for the Swiss Post told AFP that these errors were related to the introduction of a new computer system that has changed the process to enter the applications.

         "Unfortunately, handling errors occurred and led to the unfortunate isolated cases. We immediately took steps to avoid similar cases in the future",
said the Swiss Post in an email. Postal services have apologized to the families concerned.

vendredi 4 octobre 2013

Africa: When our moms bare!

 
The FEMEN have invented nothing at all! *

        
In Kiev, Paris, Tunis when they exhibit a good cause, the FEMEN are all pretty, slender, shapely and frankly, sexy. As participants in a "Miss Topless" contest. Not strange. No big spotty or skinny with saggy breasts. The ugly: please refrain. Besides, the man behind the " feminist topless" is a Ukrainian named Victor Svyatski a dominant macho, a close friend of the founder of the movement, Anna Houtsol.
         "This is his movement and he personally chose the girls. He chose the prettiest because they sell more magazines. Pretty girls make a ... It became their image, how they sell their brand " says the director in newspaper "The Independent".
        
"These girls are weak, says Victor Svyatski in the film. They have no strength of character. They do not even have the desire to be strong. They show subject, soft, not timely, and full of other factors that prevent them from becoming political activists. These are qualities that it was essential to teach them". Proud of his leadership on FEMEN, he adds: "It's true, I am the patriarch of an organization that fights against patriarchy. But the paradoxes are part of history. After all Marx and Lenin were bourgeois".

When anger bordering on despair, then strips off!

        
Far from the beautiful FEMEN, express of his anger topless is not characteristic of a period or region. FEMEN activists are not the first or the last to demonstrate in the streets topless. Manifest the naked or semi-naked breasts is a method already used many times by Africans.
        
In Africa, this is a bad sign to see women express their dissatisfaction in this way. In African beliefs, it is similar to the curse. These hanged or fleshy breasts (different pretty little breasts of FEMEN) symbolize motherhood, respect and attachment to the mother. We may be Democrats, customs die hard in Africa.
        
Because, says Sokari Ekine, International Coordinator of Women of the Niger Delta, "the act of taking off his clothes, especially for brides and older women is a way to dishonor men. Some people think that if they see the naked bodies, they will be afflicted with a great evil or insane".

Nigeria: women defy the colonial authority topless.

        
In 1929, Nigeria, Igbo women rebelled en masse against the colonial authority. In his book dedicated to African women , historian Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch demonstrates how women's groups were active and would stop at nothing to advance their ideas. "In most cases, they prevailed, at least momentarily. The colonial authorities disarmed, could not use the hard way. It is not massacring women, it would have caused a scandal, they quickly understood and their high relative impunity, they played in shamelessly".
        
Rebelote in 2002, Nigeria, women in the fight against pollution caused by the oil industry managed to paralyze for a week's biggest oil installation area by simply threatening to undress. The workers of the refinery immediately abandoned their posts for fear of being a victim of the "curse of nakedness".

In the Democratic Republic of Congo ( ex-Zaire), sometimes we went further.

        
In 1975, during the official visit to Kinshasa of French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing, the march in silence in front of Kinshasa Mobutu Sese Seko and host. Reached their height, they decided at once to exhibit their callipyges rear. Stupor French President and his delegation while Mobutu clumsily tries to justify this confidence speaking customs resurgies the depths of his political authenticity. Curse all Zaireans knew perfectly.
         After the parade, it's a breaking blows batons mercilessly distributed to passers and curious by Zairian police. The "Nyankaragata " who dared to sully the reputation of the guide of "authentic Zairian Revolution" had vanished in Kinshasa maze!
         To reappear in the memoirs of French President " Le pouvoir et la vie (Power and Life)".

Kenya: Nobel Prize after topless protest.

        
In 1992, Kenya, Wangari Muta Maathai (1940-2011) joined the event of a group of older mothers from rural areas. Women were a hunger strike protesting publicly and to pressure the government to release their son in prison made ​​political prisoners.
         In response, the police attacked the women with batons and tear gas. In defiance, Wangari and older women are being naked. My Kenyan colleagues tell me that the police ran away! On 8 October 2004, Maathai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace".

Gambia: Women naked in the streets of Brikama.

        
On 24 September 2001, the Gambia have gone further by scrolling completely naked in the streets of Brikama, the second largest city in the country. They were protesting against a ritual in which the opposition is organizing the "sacrifice" of a dog for electoral reasons. The Independent tells this amazing event: "The people of Brikama remained in awe of these women dressed Eve, which fell uttering incantations against the opposition, held responsible for the ritual killing. Naked women, chanting in Diola language, asked God to punish the opposition for this vile act. They then dug a hole, around which sat some, while others continued to express their anger".

Uganda: topless activists denounce the arrest of a political opponent to Museveni.

        
In April 2012, in Uganda, women did show the same tenacity. 15 Ugandan activists had expressed in bras to protest the arrest of a muscular active political opponent in the country. Because they are outraged, African women do not hesitate to shock or to defy the authorities showing a part of their body. Is not one of the principles headlights happening organized by the FEMEN movement worldwide?

Togo: In bright and topless to protest against a political crime.

        
May 18, 2012, at the call of Save the collective Togo (CST) , a group of women showed topless in front of the local gendarmerie in Lomé, on the sidelines of a peaceful march to protest the death in custody the opponent Etienne Yakanou, member of the National Alliance for Change (A.N.C.). The opponent was part of the group of persons detained following the case fde fire markets. He died of a "heart attack", according to State law. Next milestone in Togolese : strike gender!

Burundi: shopping show naked against the police in Bujumbura breasts.

        
On 27 September 2013, in a market in Bujumbura, capital of Burundi, shopping protested topless in front of customs and police, the bewildered. More than 300 women weeping, hair in the air, some waving fists clenched, the other pointing their breasts at police.
They scream to that better - best: "Kill us, we have nothing to lose."
         Among them, the "survivors" of the fire of Bujumbura central market, earlier this year: "At that time, in January, at least the fire took only our goods . Today, at the same time , it is the police and agents of the Burundi Revenue Authority (O.B.R.) who want to harass us and rob us of our lives trying to get its hands on campaigns that our Congolese neighbors give us credit".

        
The police were preparing to seize illegally imported cloths. Burundian journalists did not know what scene filmed or where to look. "The heads away, stuffy speechless when one tries to dismiss out of hand a mom who rushes to an agent of the GNP by pouring a torrent of abuse ... The police are sometimes booed by women revolted, sometimes by the crowd of onlookers", writes Pierre Ngendakumana of Iwacu or The voice of Burundi .
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*Title of article of Nadera Bouazza, Courrier International, 2 October 2013.