dimanche 16 décembre 2012

Libya / France: 170 innocent victims of Mouammar Gaddafi for a single opponent.

 
My father was in the DC10 ...

         On 19 September 1989, the DC10 flight UT-722 from the defunct French airline "Air Transport Union (UTA)" explodes above the Ténéré desert in Niger. The pieces of the bodies of victims of the attack scatter of 60 km2. It is 14h 59' in Paris.
There were on board 170 passengers and crew of 18 nationalities (including 98 Africans): 54 French, 48 Congolese (Brazzaville), 25 Chadians, nine Italians, 8 Americans, 5 Cameroonians, four British, three Zaireans (DRC) , 3 Canadians, 2 Central Africans, two Malians, two Swiss, one Algerian, one Belgian, one Bolivian, one Greek, one Moroccan and one Senegalese.
         A charge of a kilo of PETN (pentaerythritol tetranitrate), a powerful explosive was hidden in the baggage compartment of the aircraft. The three-engine long-haul Mac Donnell Douglas (263. 085 Tons) flying at its maximum cruise speed (908 km/h) disappeared from radar screens at Roissy in Paris for 46 minutes. The scene takes place above the desert of Ténéré (Niger) is spectacular and apocalyptic, but no eyewitness. Debris from the UTA DC-10 had spread over 100 km2. On 19 September 1989, the unit linked Brazzaville to Paris via N'Djamena. This is the deadliest act of terrorism perpetrated against France in Africa.

Gaddafi wanted only the head of Mohammed Youssef Al-Magarief.

                         July 28, 2011, Abderrahmane Chalgham, a former foreign minister of          Gaddafi entered dissent made the revelation on the responsibility of the Tripoli regime in an interview with Al-Hayat, a Saudi newspaper published in London. Joined the insurgents in Benghazi revolution which would lead to the overthrow and death of Muammar Gaddafi seven months later. Former Permanent Representative of the Libyan to the United Nations in New York, he confirmed the direct responsibility of the Libyan intelligence services in the bombing on September 19, 1989 against the French airliner UTA.


Of the 170 victims of the accident, one passenger, Mohammed Yousef Al-Magarief, was missing. "Our services were convinced that Mohamed Youssef Al-Magarief was on board, and that was not the case," says the Libyan diplomat.
         Gaddafi had demanded his head to his brother-in love, head of intelligence services, Abdallah Senoussi. One of the sources he had learned that he had to return to Paris at the end of an African tour, he gave the order to the French airliner. No matter the risk and cost. He was carrying out the orders of the Libyan dictator.

Mohammed Youssef Al-Magarief, the man worth 170 innocent victims?

         Born in 1940 in Benghazi, he graduated in Economics and a PhD in Finance from Britain. In the 1970s, he held senior positions in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi. In 1980, he resigned from his post as ambassador of India to Libya with other dissidents founded the Front of National Libyan Salvation (FSNL).
         During his exile, he is hunted by the intelligence services of Muammar Gaddafi who had launched a campaign in 1980 to liquidate opponents in several Arab and Western countries, described by the late dictator of "stray dogs."
Mohammed Yousef Al-Megaryef has survived several assassination attempts, including Rome in 1981, in Casablanca in 1984 and Madrid in 1985, according to Asma, one of his daughters. But the most famous is that of 19 September 1989 when the Libyan regime blew up a French airliner UTA, thinking that Mohammad Youssef al-Megaryef then main opposition figure, was on board, according to the confessions of a former foreign minister of Gaddafi, Abdelrahman Chalgham.
His family in Libya is persecuted and several of his brothers were imprisoned by Gaddafi.
         On 7 July 2012, he was elected member of Congress National Executive (CGN) under the banner of the National Front Party. His training which he is president, then won three seats out of 200. On 9 August 2012, he was elected president of the General National Congress who took power from the hands of the National Transitional Council. He is married and father of six girls and a boy.

A sacred duty to Mohammed Youssef Al-Magaryef and the Libyan Government: Rehabilitating the Memory of the 170 missing innocent.

         1625 parents of today 170 people including 98 Africans, have formed a group to demand justice. The association is chaired by Guillaume Denoix de Saint-Marc, whose father was the pilot of the plane UTA DC-10 (UT 772).
          These families have the right to truth, the whole truth about this vile terrorist act. They have a right to bring a civil suit against Abdallah Senoussi, the former security chief of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya currently in prison and five thugs. This process should take place publicly and televised at least in 18 countries of origin of victims.
         Money can not erase the immense pain of these families, they have all the same right to compensation commensurate with the wealth of Muammar Gaddafi at this time. Rather than a lump-won and determined (based on what?) by the French courts for domestic politically Libyan dictator today in hell.
         Libya must be also sentenced to erect and maintain "Memorials"
in Tripoli and in the 18 countries of origin of victims and repay France (on behalf of UTA) for memorials in the Ténéré desert, N'Djamena and Maya Maya in Brazzaville.
         We need the world condemns this ignominy that Africa could avert definitely specially this style of blind terrorism on behalf of their respective States.
         And this is the price that Libya find a human face and not the image of black gold gushing under his spell, that spitting Libyan by petrodollars.


"Our dead are never dead"

"The dead are no longer underground
Listen more often
Things that human beings,
It is the breath of dead ancestors,
That repeats every day the great pact
The law that binds our Spell
The heavy law that binds us to action "

(Birago, The Murmurs).





samedi 1 décembre 2012

Rwanda: The master of Cows

 
"We are not a herd of cows that are led blindly. We are the masters of cows. We are a small country, but we are not a small people. We are poor but we are rich in our minds. Nobody will prevent us from exercising our responsibilities without fear or reproach."

Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda.


lundi 19 novembre 2012

The Story of Africa is it anonymous?

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The Story of Africa  is it anonymous?
      
       Since the dawn of time, the evolution of African history has baffled conquerors whose dream was to impose, often by force, their civilization in the known world in their time. The latter are often encountered where natural barriers stopped at the threshold of their prejudices, leaving Africa regain its ancestral values ​​and return to its apparent damage after their passage.
      
No period of world history has ignored the sunny continent, yet none has been completely upset his lifestyle. All the powers of history have tried to take Africa. In the eighteenth century BC. Before Christ, the Hyksos attempt to invade Egypt. In 663 BC. J.-C, the Assyrians destroyed its capital Thebes. In 525 and 404 BC., the Persian troops of Cambyses II threaten again. In 332, it was the turn of Alexander the Great conquers Egypt says that Ptolemy whose dynasty continues in power until the suicide of the beautiful Cleopatra VII in 30 BC. In 31 BC. it is the turn of the Romans. In 639 AD. begins the colonization of North Africa by the Arabs.
      
In the sixteenth century, the French writer François Rabelais (1494-1554) said that Africa's "always brings something rare."
       Indeed its great originality is this surprising ability to survive the most barbaric conquests, pandemics and sociopolitical upheavals fast (real disasters that often take longer sometimes elsewhere on the appearance of slaughter).
      
 Its central location, its immense natural wealth real or supposed, its generous climate, cultural diversity, the dynamism of its people, its adaptability to innovations made at all times, its inhabitants malleable and exploitable.
        Fantasies of all civilizations, all religions, all messianic and all ideologies, have found fertile ground because the African, his generous nature and his wealth or underutilized and / or have poorly developed always been considered at an exotic angle. The African Negro, touted as the worst off of all humans, even denying the soul, intelligence, history and basic human rights to better use.
      
Again in 1906, the Congolese pygmy Ota Benga  is exhibited in the Bronx Zoo in New York. For Dr. William T. Hornaday, convinced Darwinist, Ota Benga was the missing link between Dinah gorilla, orangutan Dohung and Man.
        Based on such aberrations, African art is primitive, its science, fantasy while her historicity is relegated to the field of paleontology and archeology.
        He is part of the prehistory because he did not write or pictographs (We thought!) to transcribe his past and his knowledge. And to study his habits, invent Anthropology, Ethnology, the Ethnohistory ...
        After five centuries of slavery, real human bleeding, the continent is somehow to undergo hundred and fifty years of colonization, since it is easier to exploit the man at the same time as its natural resources.
       Slavery, complemented by the European colonization of Africa, balance fifty years. And, as to finish in a bunch apocalyptic, the twentieth century has proven to be the most tragic of the second millennium of the Christian era. The scientific and technological advances often spectacular, to improve the quality of life and to bring people to the destruction paradoxically serve the greatest number in the shortest period of time.
       Never have so many lives are destroyed so savagely, as unnecessary and as quickly (as elsewhere in Africa) for random reasons like political ideologies, racial hatred, religious proselytism or simple conquest of temporal power.        The horror touches the heights unimaginable. If we compare the catastrophic twentieth century an earthquake, the epicenter is invariably in Western Europe. Like lava from a volcano brings both fertility and desolation, the epic European gives Africa the same time scientific and "benefits" of colonization and its avatars.
        Chased, sold, slaughtered, subject, civilized, cataloged, despised, colonized released ... Afro-pessimist wonders what can happen worse in Africa in the third millennium. The Afro-optimist, leaving the victory over colonialism (and its counterpart, the racial segregation) sees Africa democratized, the mirage of globalization and "chimeric" economic phasing boundaries imposed, the triumph of human rights and individual freedoms, an end to hegemony and inequality, the conquest of the word and power of women, etc..
        However, the fate of Africa in his forced march towards the future still lies somewhere between nightmare and dream of hope. Because everything that has been (and will be) made for African but it was (and will) always against him. "Awakened" Africa needs characters headlights as a symbol, cement or compensation.
        For centuries, the history of this continent was "anonymous" wrote the Polish journalist and writer Ryszard Kapuscinski. Despite the subtlety of intellectuals want to relegate to the fringes of civilization, its part in the march of world history more than ever remains immeasurable.

Introduction of “Biographical Dictionnary of Africa” by KANYARWUNGA I.N. Jean

mercredi 19 septembre 2012

What to do with the Arabs?

 

      
(...) In an island ever closer, facing a sea of ​​increasingly unknown, under a sky increasingly unpredictable, Robinson Crusoe, the white man who invented the pick and hope without God asks: "What do Arabs"?
      
Especially after the murder of the U.S. ambassador to Benghazi. If we help them, they believe in the conspiracy. If we ignore them, they cry to the shopping inhumanity of the West. One time it was believed that they wanted to be free, but in fact they just wanted to worship more freely and voluntarily crashing more.
      
It was believed that they sought free land, but they wanted the sky for them. We can not throw overboard all like Bin Laden. Or repress in the desert. Or involve them in the conquest of the moon, or convince them to accept the difference as a religion and not religion as a difference.
      
What to do? exclaims Robinson who cares for its resources but also for the meaning of life and the environment and comfort and gas, the mission of her white skin and the invasion of the Chinese or the threat of violence. What a neighbor that can not be moved, nor kill, nor remove or ignore? What do the "Arabs" in the end?
      
Vote for the Islamists. And what do the Islamists? Living in the afterlife.
      
Therefore unable to speak between Robinson and who wants to live an Islamist who hastens to die to prove he's right.
__________________________________

Extract from the article Kamel Daoud "Why Abdelaziz Bouteflika he dies so often? "published inAlgérie-Focus” on  17 September 2012.

lundi 10 septembre 2012

Democratic Republic of Congo: Mobutu, inventory of a poisoned legacy? *

 
Fifteen years after his death, the Congolese dictator's shadow still hangs over the country. Who are the heirs? Where is his fortune? Mobutism is he really dead? The man who was, during his lifetime, the symbol of bad governance carnivore - the point of giving the body a neologism not listed, but oh so colorful, gargantuan neighbor, near and manducatoire synonymous predator mobutuesque - it still nothing, or almost visible.
       Weeds and looting of biblical dimension reduced fetish Gbadolite the palace, where the King of Zaire loved to give parties drizzled with champagne and chateau latour, the state remains haunted. Kamanyola the yacht on which this man of the curve of the river refuge in times of trouble invoking the spirit Mami Wata, the goddess of water, is a carcass.
       The hat and cane, portraits and songs, griots and marabouts, heavy glasses and boxes dollars: all gone. Ten years after its extinction, September 7, 1997, the most successful specimen of the great race of dinosaurs African based, forgotten land in Morocco.
       Just interested he still these paleontologists are political historians.

Forgotten by the
World,  Forgotten by God, but not by his countrymen.

       Forgotten by the world, forgotten by God, but not of his countrymen, in which his shadow still looms, scary and tutelary, reassuring and disproportionate. It will take another generation before probably get rid of the Congolese mental grip of a dictator who has shaped their minds for over thirty years.
       Because Mobutu was in the truest sense of the term totalitarianism. Totalitarianism Bantu tempered by the palaver and palm wine, certainly, but also a laboratory of brainwashing and disaster which plunged in thought, sometimes with delight, the vast majority of its citizens.
       Mobutu Sese Seko had his matrix, the MPR (Popular Movement of the Revolution), which was a member of all Congolese, willingly or unwillingly, from his birth and he was both the bogeyman and father. For three decades, working under Mobutu and work closely mingled for Mobutu.
Basis of the Constitution, providential man, thought Mobutu for his subjects: "They owe me anything, I owe them nothing,"
he said, and added: "Before me, the deluge, after me, the deluge."
      
Mobutu was above the law, above public morality over ethics, values, human rights, private property, and the extent of the truth. Pressed a bloated security apparatus, eyes raised to the sky constantly European-American, where he got his power, he transformed a colony bleeding by the Belgians in a State thief, repressive, manipulative, smarmy, corrupt and debilitating.
       In many ways, Zaire was a disaster and a collective shame that did not escape, in a political contaminated to the bone, those who had the courage to go into exile or underground.

Unconscious mimicry.


       Attached to the occult dimension, essential category of public and private life in Africa, where Mobutu used and abused to protect themselves, eliminate enemies and grease the wheels of his regime, this domestication general population is one of the key current persistence of Mobutu.
His opponents have also been the first victims, and involuntary Pavlovian, this unconscious mimicry.
       The "Tshitshisme" the cult of personality that surrounds the opponent Etienne Tshisekedi and reproduced at the neighborhood level Limete in Kinshasa and Kasai, one in which Mobutu loved to wallow. Ditto for his lady-killer Laurent-Désiré Kabila, who imitated the manner of speech of Marshal and went to advocate, to "awaken sleeping consciences by years of Mobutu" the use of chicotte in force until the late 1980s.
       The Mzee treated and his ministers and senior officials ¬ how Mobutu its heyday: regularly arrested, beaten, imprisoned, released and returning to their office sore buttocks, as if nothing had happened.
       As for the Congolese, at least those in the West, nostalgic for a lost power when their cultural references - especially Lingala - prevailed over "the other Zaire",
the Eastern Swahiliphone, they tend to zap the second half of Mobutu's reign, that of the descent into hell, to remember that the 1970s boom years of the "authenticity" of the triumphant zairianisation and commodity boom.

A proud people led by a strong leader.


       This past both obscured and mystified when all the "hits" were allowed and that we hoped to enrich millions (of dollars) without working in skinning the beast, Kinshasa retained its own identity a way to dress, walk and move eminently recognizable as a daring, opportunism, a spirit of resourcefulness and a willingness to take risks that do not belong to them.
       In addition, this complex character that was Mobutu, in which the bid on the West cohabiting with a deep heritage nationalism has undoubtedly passed to his compatriots a certain pride which traces remain today.
       Proud to live in a huge country courted for its riches, pride exist in the aftermath of colonization infantile pride of being commanded by a strong leader, charismatic and media: "When Mobutu was room at the UN or Moreover, we saw that Zaire was present, "
a nostalgic sigh.
       Admittedly, it did not take long, just a decade before the slender young general in 1965, sponsored by the CIA, becomes incarnation Bantu Bula Matari-- this mythical figure and summary of all that modernity represents violence, suffering, chaos and misery for the Congolese, Leopold II massacres Kivu.

What remains of Mobutu's a paradox of ambiguity.

      
Valium but what the poor memories of the time when Kinshasa was nicknamed "Kiese Kin (Kin la Belle)" allows its 8 million inhabitants to withdraw into a dream of what they might be, as they are disappointed by what they have become.
       What remains of Mobutu Sese Seko is above all a paradox. While the looting of the state and private grabbing of public good a case study, the former army sergeant colonial Congolese instilled a strong patriotic reflex unit can withstand the toughest tests.
       This ambiguous legacy became clear during the terrible years 1996-1998: while all conditions were met bursting of Congo, it has never been about the secession of a province alone.
       When Kabila launched an assault Mobutu is to capture the state, not to skin it. And it is this very nationalism "Mobutu" to be the cause of her breakup with his Rwandan and Ugandan mentors.
       It is also worth remembering that Mobutu, unlike a Ceaucescu, which they compared willingly, was not overthrown by a popular revolution, but driven by a foreign intervention.
       The conditions for the reproduction of the system he fathered are far from having all been eradicated. For that determinism does not shed in fatality, President Joseph Kabila, who has the advantage of never having known or met Zaire Mobutu virus and can therefore assume without passion posthumous legacy Leopard, must of be each day a little more vigilant.
______________________________________

* Article of François Sudan, journalist at Jeune Afrique.

mercredi 5 septembre 2012

Swaziland: 60,000 topless virgins parade before the king.

 
The Reed Dance or "Umhlanga", attended Monday, September 3, 2012 tens of thousands of young Swazi the very bare beauty, is one of the most vibrant African traditions, but now hostage to a king challenged .
         Long hours, responsorial songs that accompany the dance have resonated at the royal residence of Ludzidzini, the highlight of the annual festivities that captured the imagination, and also shocked by the habit by his majesty Mswati III until 2004 to choose a new wife (he has 13 in total) of these young virgins topless.

For men in December.

         Transported by the truckload, they would be more than 60,000 this year, according to the authorities, which tend to inflate the numbers. The Umhlanga knows its male at the full moon of December, when it was the turn of the young men of the kingdom of praising the king.
         If success is assured in a small country of one million people with little distraction, the charm of this liturgy begins to be broken as a result of the political and economic crisis.

 Why should I serve the king?


         "I used to go there when I was a teenager. I loved being at camp, away from the house with almost all the girls in my house, and the day of the dance, I was at the forefront , all this attention, I loved it,
"says Khosi, now leaking any advertisement and will not be identifiable.
         This 24 year old student began to see things from a different perspective attending the University, measuring the difficulty of obtaining a scholarship or attend classes at scheduled times.
         "The Umhlanga express our loyalty to the king and I thought to myself, why should I serve the king? Even today, it is silent on the crisis in education,"
she said.
         The failure of public services in this paradise traditions affects all areas according to her: "We find almost anything in the hospital, not even basic antibiotics, the cough syrup, or an anti-venom for bites Snake in rural areas. "
         The public health system is, however, crucial in a country with high poverty, where 26% of the population is infected with the HIV virus, a record.

"The king  used it to show support for the people"

         "But people do not make the connection between the problems and the political system,"
sighs Khosi, his grandparents are concerned about the demonstrations that shook the kingdom since 2011. She has already spent several hours in a police station in April 2011.
         "The dance is growing every year. The king is used to show support for the people and for progressives to get mad,"
she said.
         The royal palace, a 79-year old Swazi, Bulunga confirms that she has never seen such a crowd of girls and young girls, baby three years to thirty years: "From the time of Sobhuza II [father the king] it was not so many. "
        
The atmosphere is festive. The days before the dance, the surrounding roads offer the spectacle of these women and children returning from reed cutting for the origin of the tradition to pay tribute to the Queen Mother and the maintenance of its properties.

"Tackling á the reed dance is a lost cause."


         Thelumusa Hlophe, 18, is delighted: "I made new friends,"
she said, confiding that she "loves the King" and is proud "to dance in the nude, while readjusting the modestly'' umgaco 'pompom scarf wool red, yellow and blue encircling her chest and signs, says she, her' virginity '. "
        
The opposition PUDEMO (forbidden) denounced in a statement, "a stress relief for the poor as opposed to a real process to find solutions to substantive issues."
        
But to tackle the reed dance for criticizing the king and the lack of multi is useless, says a father, Simphiwe Mngometulu, 35.
         "If you think it will solve the economic crisis by forbidding her daughter to go to the reed dance, it can not walk,"
he said.
         "But they should not justify their mistakes with the tradition,"
he says, denouncing the patronage of the King family.
         "They use tradition we do not ask because in our tradition, it is wrong to question."

Source AFP

mardi 4 septembre 2012

Morocco: The French roots of King Mohammed VI *

 
A confidence ... Mohammed V made ​​by his friend Dr. François Cléret adds a surprising biography of Hassan II, if one believes the French physician, the paternal grandmother of Hassan II was the original French.
       "At the end of 1955, a few days after his return to Morocco after twenty-seven months of exile, Mohammed V told me a secret:" The deep joy I feel today to be in the middle of my people, he said, is a bit overshadowed by the death of my mother, Lalla Yacout, the eve of my return. This woman, whom I loved very much, had a great importance in my life. Today, I'll give you a revelation.      
       My mother was French. She was removed at the end of the nineteenth century near Hyères, in Provence, by the last Barbary Tunisia, who sold her  to pirates of Salé. Finally, Haouz tribes have offered her to my father, Moulay Youssef ".
       Once on the throne, says the doctor, the young Sultan gave his "mother" of living conditions. Throughout his life, including in Madagascar where he could not take him, he remained in contact with her.
       Thanks to her, the Sultan spoke good French, and he had to use an interpreter or voluntarily spoke in broken French, it was to deceive his French interlocutors or to gain time for reflection . Mohammed V was never mentioned his affiliation with his doctor friend. Hassan II was he aware of the existence of this foreign descent?
------------------------------------------------
* DALLE  I.
., Hassan II entre tradition et absolutisme (Hassan II between tradition and absolutism), Fayard, Paris, 2011.

dimanche 2 septembre 2012

South Africa / Austria: Give us back our ancestors!

 
Saartjie Baartmen the "Hottentot Venus" syndrome,

         In 2000, the Spanish authorities returned to Botswana to be buried there, the stuffed body of an African man who was exposed in 1916 at the Museum of Catalan town of Banyoles.
         Ten years ago almost to the day, France was forced to repatriate to South Africa remains the "Hottentot Venus," whose real name Saartjie Baartmen, a woman from the community Hottentot "Khoikhoi" which was exhibited as one freak throughout Europe in the nineteenth century because of its special character callipyge. Till this day, she is buried at Hankey, Eastern Cape.
         In 2009, Ghana has done the same with the skull of King Ahanta Aboade, Otumfuo Badu Bonsu II executed in 1838 by Dutch settlers and preserved from the Netherlands.
         Namibia has done the same process for 20 skulls of Herero warriors who lay in a German museum. September 30, 2011, during a moving ceremony at the airport in Windhoek, grandchildren son could pay them tribute.

"Repairing the past mistakes"

         South Africa, encouraged by these successful approaches, intensifying its efforts to repatriate the remains of his countrymen kept in museums in Europe.
         On 12 August 2012, it is a couple of Xhoisan, descendants of the indigenous peoples of the Kalahari, and Klaas and Trooi Pienaar was buried, after long negotiations with Austria. The President of the Republic of South Africa, Jacob Zuma was present at the ceremony alongside government official Austrian Manuel Gartner.
         Three hundred years after their death, both Xhoisan a couple descendant of the original inhabitants of Southern Africa had died of malaria in 1909. A few months after their deaths, the couple had been unearthed by the assistant of the physician, historian and
anthropologist Austrian, Dr. Rudolph Pöch(1870-1921).
         He then brings their leftovers in Vienna to conduct a study on indigenous peoples and dwarfism. Bodies of Klaas and Troii Pienaar become mere scientific objects, victims of colonial fascination, racism and oppression, according to Jacob Zuma, the South African president.
         It took a study by academics at the Cape and four years of negotiations with the Austrian authorities that the remains are repatriated to South Africa in April. On Sunday, two South Africans were finally buried in Kuruman in the Kalahari Desert, where they lived.

Other human remains of colonization in Africa will they return?

         During the French colonization in Algeria in particular, thirty six of whose skulls resistant Kabyles of the brotherhood Derkaou Bou Amar Ben kadida, Boubaghia Mokhtar Al-Titraoui Sheikh Bouziane, Si Moussa Al-Darkaoui, Aissa Al-Hamadji who fought the Emir Abdelkader in 1831 in the Medea region, were donated to the Museum in Paris. They gather the homeland?
         For this and other reasons more political than it will the French and the Algerians make a critical review of what was the French occupation of Algeria. As the Belgian and Congolese, Angolans and Portuguese with Mozambicans, the English with their former colonies in Africa.
         And through respect for the man as a whole, will we one day lead to a genuine dialogue "Truth and Reconciliation"
of cultures?

vendredi 31 août 2012

Europeans, too different to agree *

 
         Than the gap between the economic performance of EU countries, it is the cultural gaps between the Europeans who are the main obstacle to the creation of a truly homogeneous community. It is therefore not surprising that we have so much trouble to build it.
        
Many have tried to unify Europe. All there are broken teeth: Attila, Charlemagne, Napoleon, Hitler. The latest attempt is that of the European Union. Which has not made Flamberge wind, Europe has become, since the end of WWII, continent pacifist, but harmless means such as goodwill, common institutions, laws and regulations .         
 The euro is the last and probably the most daring of these initiatives in favor of a unified Europe.
        
The origin of modern European political project, even if the focus has been on since the beginning of the economy. Community coal and steel industries was to leave for the war in the context of the nation-state to prevent new conflicts.
         National economies were to meet in a single market without borders and gradually converge towards each other.
        
The project was not based simply on the supremacy of the economy but also on the idea that economic rationality would allow the emergence of a common understanding in other areas in order to create a set that looks like United States of Europe.

The most complex region of the world.

        
The economy has undoubtedly played a decisive role when it came to Europe in the shelter of the war, and in this sense, European cooperation has been a great success since 1945.
        
Economic cooperation but not enough for what we build today, the euro crisis teaches us that this cooperation has its limits, which are actually historical and cultural. Because Europe is undoubtedly the region of the world that is more complex.
        
In a space small, more than 300 million people are trying to form a union when it is not necessary to go far to not understand what the other is saying, to find people who eat and drink things that we do not know who sing other songs that celebrate other heroes who maintain another but also with respect to time, other dreams and other demons.
        
But underlying these differences are never or rarely mentioned. Are masked by a discourse in which all Europeans appear naturally welded to the rest of the world, while a Swedish will probably have more in common with a Canadian or a New Zealander with a Ukrainian or Greek.
        
It is likely that this is primarily due to our cultural differences - not political or economic - that European history is littered with war and violence, starting with the most terrible wars that humanity is known, and which were at the bottom as European civil wars.
        
Yet it seems that all this is forgotten or repressed. Or unknown. So that the European discourse that we used daily - the flag, Beethoven, Eurovision ... - has little to do with our European reality, he should rather be pure propaganda for a project that will not hear about cultural differences or mental, which are yet far deeper than our financial or material differences.

The Europe we do not want to believe.

        
In reality, it was not until the European crisis to open the eyes of the gap between rhetoric and reality. To our amazement, the crisis has shown us people who never paid taxes, which felt that others had to pay their debts to their place of despotism and accusing those who tended their hand. We did not know the existence of such Europeans and we do not believe it.
         This is the reality, and this is long as it lasts.
Who, outside experts, knew a year ago what clientelism? I have a friend who is a minister of Croatia since the beginning of the year.          This is not a ministry of leading, but still. I asked how many permanent staff are on the list of employees of the Ministry. Five cents. Five hundred? It seems a lot for a country like Croatia. How many employees would you need to develop the policy it intends to pursue?
        
The answer sounds like a thunderclap: thirty. "And you're thinking to dismiss the other 470?" Minister looks at both empathetic and mocking the north of the Alps simpleton that I am (without blond provided). No. Because she did not want to play with his life.          Especially since she has a son who goes to school on foot every day. And an accident can happen so quickly. Even when my girlfriend has left office, nearly 500 officials will continue to make every day in offices that do not exist to do a job that does not wait. They affect only wages exist in the real world.
        
That looks like our Europe. And note that the North is not strange that the South East that is not less than the West, and vice versa. It's all about perspective. Europe is neither more nor less than a honeycomb extremely fragile, composed of specific cultural, historical and mentally. No European really looks like another. And yet, we prefer to see a Europe not as a beam but as a honey pot, ready to eat.
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* Article by Richard appeared in the newspaper Dangens Nyheter in Stockholm on 22 August 2012.

* Richard Swartz is a Swedish journalist and writer born in 1945 in Sweden. Based in Vienna since 1976, he has long been the correspondent of Eastern Europe Swedish daily Svenska Dgbladet and worked in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and Süddeutschde Zeitung. Since 2009, he writes for the editorial pages of Dangens Nyheter. He is the author of several books, including "Room Service, (Essays, The New Press, 1998) ", a collection of stories that have been translated into several languages.

jeudi 30 août 2012

Switzerland: The Holy Grail or the chamber pot of Adolf Hitler.

 
This is a section or rather a pot with fantastic figures which we do not really know what that can mean: bas-reliefs depicting warriors and gods. Its particularity: it is solid gold and it was drafted into the lake Chiemsee in Bavaria. It weighs 10.5 pounds.
         In 2005, a businessman buys it for 300,000 euros. He has a curious scenario in his head to pass it for the Holy Grail, the cup of Christ who gives eternal life. But here we're not in Hollywood but in Zurich, Switzerland.
         His script is not intended for the cinema, but a lot of money with his false Grail. He has seen and reviewed Indiana Jones films and speaking of the Grail. There will be a pigeon to bite the grain.

A scenario worthy of Hollywood?


         He begins by associating a group of investors by promising phenomenal gains.
         The Grail that gives eternal life any old European millionaire does not dream?
 With "ad hoc promotion, experts believe it could reach $ 1 billion,"
says he.
         In the country of
Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev, country of black gold,  who did not dream of eternal life? This is Svetlana K., the Kazakh falls, the first in the trap and loose the first million. Follow other "simpletons" who invest in the Grail, waiting for the day "J".
Its owners, ensures a gross income of 24,000 CHF per month.
         Enough to pay his debts and lead the good life in Zurich and offer a dream vacation until the game is discovered. The Supreme Court of Zürich condemns appeal him to 18 months imprisonment. And payment of amounts due.

But where does this mysterious object?

         Switzerland holds many mysteries. I do not know if Sion in Valais has something to do with the covenant of the Jews of Zion. 
The Egyptian Coptsîc Church already tried to recover the relics of Saint Maurice, when a Catholic Federal Councillor is appointed in Bern.
         Basel is the only Catholic diocese in the world to vote its bishops in the world.
         Ecône near Martigny, Valais, is the seat of the Priestly Fraternity of Saint Pius X, the traditionalist Catholic opponents of the Pope since 1970.
         The Pope  even has the duty to pray for the Aletsch Glacier in the towns of Fiesch and Fieschertal in the Upper Valais does not melt.
         500 Papal guards guarding the Vatican and ensure the safety of the Holy Father come exclusively from the Valais and Basel are selected according to immutable rules since the sixteenth century.
         If Pilatus Mount, the hill overlooking the city of Lucerne, seems to have hosted Pontius Pilate, the Roman procurator who condemned Jesus Christ. Why would not the Grail landed in Switzerland and all other mysterious treasures of the world?
         It was in Switzerland that was the legal custodian of the copyrights of Adolf Hitler and Nazi dignitaries, the Vaudois François Genoud.

 The chamber pot of Adolf Hitler.

         The scammer of Zürich knew and told anyone who would listen: he possessed the Grail. This cut mythical supernatural powers meant to ensure that led behind bars.
         In any case, until proven otherwise, nobody was able to clarify the origin of the gold cup. 
The mystery remains!     
         Some think it is an object of worship Celtic, others believe that it is a forged under the Third Reich. On the shores of Lake Chiemsee in Bavaria, where the container was recovered, the Grail has been dubbed simply "The chamber pot of Adolf Hitler."
         We do not ignore the obsessive quest of eternal power which haunted the Nazi dignitaries ... Would they not be forged to fool Adolf Hitler they have finally found the Holy Grail that would ensure thousand years reign of the Third Reich?

mardi 28 août 2012

Suicidal missions of the United Nations.

 
 "He who seeks adventure meet, to the extent of his courage. He who seeks the sacrifice will be sacrificed to the extent of its purity "Dag Hammarskjöld in Milestones.

         When Inkontanyi the dreaded militia of Mwami of Rwanda, Kigeri Rwabugiri IV (1853-1895) were preparing to attack a foreign country, they sent a scout to advance mission in the country to attack. Knowing that he would never come alive, he was called "the sacrificial hero." He was handsome, single, a bit suicidal. Her parents and friends were informed in advance for prayers, tears ... and the posthumous honors.

Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN sacrificial hero, Syria.

         The O. N.U. sends "the sacrificial hero" in Syria in the person of Algerian Lakhdar Brahimi. There a few days, the Nobel Peace and Honorary Secretary General of the UN, Kofi Annan of Ghana, has thrown in the towel by saying that the mission to protect civilians is based on whatever the price to pay . But how high should we set the ceiling on suicide missions?
         Brahimi new UN mediator and the Arab League to Syria, said Friday he is "flattered, touched"
but also "scared" by the mission ahead, after his meeting with the Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon.
         According to Ban Ki-moon, Lakhdar Brahimi will be "essential task to bring Syria peace stability and the promotion of human rights."

         Since the outbreak of the uprising against the regime of Bashar al-Assad in March 2011, the violence did not break.
         The fire started in Deraa, and Hama. Victims of violence  are now 25,000 dead, mostly civilians, according to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights (OSDH), and forced more than 200,000 Syrians to flee to neighboring countries, according to the High Commissioner for Refugees of the UN (UNHCR).
         No end in sight due to the divergence between the West on the one hand claiming the departure of Bashar al-Assad, and the Russians, China and Iran on the other hand that promote dialogue between the government and opposition.
         What can Lakhdar Brahmi, the retired 78 years to bring peace to the country endangered?
"The world disgusts us"
chanted demonstrators in Deraa and they are right. We live in a pathetic world!

Dag Hammarskjöld, a hero whose sacrifice did not  guarantee peace in the Congo.

         October 24, 2010, I described the circumstances in which death is the first victim of impossible missions of the UN, the second Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961), resulting in death, six Swedish crew's aircraft, the DC-6 B Albertina, shot by European mercenaries in Ndola (Zambia) September 17, 1961.
         In his team were also German-American ethnologist, Heinrich A. Wieschhoff, American Vladimir Fabry American William Ranallo, Miss Alice Lalande, the American Harold M. Julien, French, Serge L. Barrau, Swedes Hjetle, and P. E. Persson.
         He knew the character twisted Moise Tshombe, he knew surrounded by "Ugly Belgian
", desperate to retain power in Congo.
He knew that his mission was dangerous and that he would probably never living in Katanga. He decided only by his conscience to perform this task "Impossible"
because the bomb was hidden in the undercarriage of the aircraft. He had escaped the explosion, a mercenary was instructed to liquidate him ... more Moise Tshombe be ready to make his prisoner and demand the withdrawal of ONUC Katanga.
         "The mission was dangerous physically and politically delicate. Moise Tshombe, the puppet of the Belgians and British were surrounded by a mob International paid to torpedo the efforts of the UN to bring peace to the Congo, "
says Sture Linnér, his diplomatic adviser to the Congo, years later.
         His Christian faith could not only guarantee him survival, a miracle that has never occurred. Therefore, he prayed silently during night flight Kinshasa-Ndola. Which allowed the general Norwegian Bjorn Egge to identify his body was his favorite book "The Life of Jesus,"
he holds in his right hand bleeding. which had slipped the text of his oath April 10, 1953.
         He came to inaugurate the Peace suicide missions of United Nations.

Alioune Blondin Beye, who died tragically in a plane crash suspect in the name of peace in Angola.

         As Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961, the UN Special Representative in Angola, Alioune Blondin Beye, Malian lawyer was killed with seven of his colleagues. The Togolese Koffi Adjovi, Chadian Mr. Beandegar Dessande, the Senegalese Amadou Moctar Gueye, Nigerian Ibikunle Williams, Portuguese Alvaro Costa and their drivers, the South Africans Jason Hunter and Andrew McCurrach, June 26, 1998 in a plane crash in Côte d'Ivoire.
         "A man of peace dynamic and dedicated" according to the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan.
         He was on a mission to seek diplomatic support to the peace process in Angola. Lawyer and expert in international law, he was Foreign Minister of Mali from 1978 to 1986 and top part of the African Development Bank (AfDB) before being appointed Special Representative of the United Nations in Angola.
         "When Boutros Boutros Ghali, then Secretary General of the UN one day he phoned to tell him he wanted to appoint him as his Special Representative in Angola," he told the widow that night, he told me: “It is a suicide mission. "
         "But despite the complexity and difficulty of the mission, he accepted and jumped on a plane to New York without hesitation. Because he was a man of faith to which the sense of honor and the requirement of a job well done had value oath, "said his widow, Kadiatou Sali Beye on the tenth anniversary of his death on July 8 2008.
         Upon his arrival in Angola in June 1993, the war between the government of Angola Jose Eduardo Santos and the rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) Jonas Savimbi resumed. He managed to convince both sides to resume talks after a year of tough negotiations signed by the Lusaka Protocol in November 1994. It required all the diplomacy of this man of peace and conviction to bring the protagonists to meet their commitments.
         Ivorian villagers who witnessed the incident said they saw the twin Blondin Beye to explode in midair. But aviation experts have confirmed that the aircraft met the safety requirements. So there was an explosive device edge. Who benefited if this crime to Jonas Savimbi who had an interest to continue a war that had made his fortune? The survey which investigated?
         The first anniversary of his tragic death with his colleagues in New York, Secretary-General Kofi Annan was content to pay a tribute to the "fallen colleagues in the service of peace"
and hoped that one day the Angola united and in peace, and finally they do not die for nothing.

Sergio Vieira de Mello, the last crossover.

         Before the building of the United Nations Commission in Geneva throne bust the last UN envoy in Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello, United Nations Award in the field of human rights in 2003.
         In 2011, the Italian city of Bologna has dedicated a new place a modern. The former High Commissioner of the United Nations Human Rights is the last martyr of peace in Iraq August 19, 2003. He was born in Rio de Janeiro March 15, 1948.
         "He was afraid and did not want this mission impossible"
according to New York Magazine. Why did he finally agreed to be Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq in May 2003 after 34 years of distinguished career at the UN?
         Especially under the direct influence of  american President George W. Bush and his Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that Iraqi extremists particularly disliked?
         And Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda could claim proudly explosion of the Canal Hotel in Baghdad as saying "Vierira Sergio de Mello was murdered because he was a crusader who extract part of the land of Islam (East Timor). "
        
Certainly, he was Special Envoy of UNHCR in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in 1993, the Special Representative of the General Secretary for the Great Lakes region in Africa and in Kosovo in 1999, in Dili, East Timor in 2002, but it did nothing to see his last mission in suicide bombs of Al Qaeda in Baghdad in May to August 2003!
         Indeed, he was killed in the bombing of the Canal Hotel in Baghdad with 20 other members of his staff August 19, 2003, at work. Before his death, this brilliant doctor in philosophy from the       Sorbonne, son of a diplomat who had been around the world under the banner of the United Nations was considered a potential candidate for the post of Secretary General.
His successful career was never broken. Nothing can be forget Gilda Vieira de Mello, the beautiful smile that lit up the UN and the world, his son Sergio who rests in the cemetery of the kings in Geneva.