mercredi 31 août 2011

Angola / Portugal: The other side of colonization.


Bring to Africa his genius and his civilization.

        
"If we want to civilize the natives, we must instill a basic moral precept the idea that they have no right to live without working." said Machado Viera  Minister of Salazar in 1943.
        
Portuguese colonization was terrible because most of the Portuguese were illiterate, uneducated and widespread fear of the "native" leads them to set up a system of assimilation to the utmost, to mount the Metis against blacks, a race for the money race, closer one gets the white world, it was better "accepted".
        
These ambiguous relationship between Métis and other blacks continue to this day, albeit more subtly.
        
In 1951 the Portuguese colony of Angola became an "overseas province" of Portugal. Angolans could become "Portuguese citizens" under certain conditions, which were to read and to speak Portuguese correctly, to have any criminal record, to produce two witnesses of good character and a medical certificate.
        
The Governor General of Angola was appointed by the Council of Ministers of Portugal, it had the executive and legislative powers, but it was assisted by a Governing Council and a Legislative Council.

The descendants of Portuguese settlers: back to the golden age or in purgatory?

        
Since 2008, no fewer than 100,000 Portuguese had settled in Angola, one of former colony portuguese of Southern Africa (with Mozambique).
        
In 2010, more than 25,000 visa applications were filed by young Portuguese job seekers at the Embassy of Angola in Lisbon. If the migratory flow continued, the Portuguese community in Angola could regain its pre-independence: 500,000 people. Unheard of in the annals of post-colonial!
        
The new "Civilizados" of Huambo, Benguela, Benguela, Bié and Andula will they speak Portuguese Angola or will they learn Kimbundu, Kikongo or  Quioco?
        
        
How to accept without complaint the power of the descendants of "assimilados" and the "natives"?
        
Will they adopt the "Linguagem dos musseques (musseques the language of the slums of Angola)'?
        
The Brazilian, Lusophone, other traditional partners, are also attracted by the phenomenal growth of Luanda.
        
"There is a Wild West side, is exhilarating. While Portugal is the country where it really should not be now." Said João, a marketing consultant landed in southern Angola in 2007.

The consequences of this rush to the new Eldorado.

        
Since 2002, the influx of migrants has transformed the city of Luanda,  the most expensive of the World. The rush and lack of housing has dramatically raised rents.
         Since 2009, the Angolan capital is the most expensive city, ahead of Oslo, Tokyo, N'djamena, Moscow, New York, Copenhagen, Geneva and Osaka. In the center of the capital, the gleaming towers, overlooking the devastated neighborhoods, where some buildings still stand out by its many impacts of rockets and bullets, scars of a civil war that lasted 27 years.
        
Everything is to be built in Angola and its need for engineers, technicians and other experts are immense. Despite the presence of its 800 companies, Portugal is largely defeated by China's largest trading partner of Angola which showed a growth of 21% in 2008 against 1.8% in Portugal.
        
To cope with this busy man, Angola is building a new administrative capital in Kilamba Kiaxi and Zango in the province of Luanda for 2012, whose plans were developed by Oscar Niemeyer, aged 104 years (the architect designer Brasilia) and confided to engineer Jorge Faria Hamilton. Alone, the city of Kilamba Kiaxi will accommodate 120,000 residents in 2012.

"The Princess Isabel" and the conquest of Portugal in Angola.

        
She is a beautiful 39-year-Métis, eldest daughter of José Eduardo Dos Santos, President of Angola since 1979. Born's first marriage "Zedu" with a Russian. Married to the businessman, Sindika Dokolo (39 years) of Danish origin and Congolese, she weighs 34 million Euros and is associated with billionaire Portuguese, Américo Amorim Ferreira, the 212th World fortune  according to Forbes in 2010.
        
In late 2008, she bought for 164 million euros, a slice of 9.7% of shares held by the Portuguese Commercial Bank (BCP) in its rival BPI, the fourth largest private bank in Portugal.
        
In 2010,  the Angolan society Kento Holding, acquired the equivalent of 164 million euros, about 10% stake in Zon Multimedia, a large group operating in the media industry.
        
Taking advantage of the economic crisis in Portugal and thanks to petrodollars, the Angolan is investing in Portugal in all  relates companies of Portugal: Great hotels, luxury industry and especially banks and oil. With the financial strength of Sonangol, the national exploitation of gas and oil, Angola has an international economic machine that allows it to be a shareholder of the oil company Galp Energia and even the airline TAP Air Portugal.
         It has interests in subsidiaries Angolan Portuguese banks: 49.99% of Banco Millennium Angola SA, a subsidiary of the Commercial Bank of Portugal and 49% of the Banco do Fomento de Angola (BFA) with a capital of 6.4 billion dollars.
        
In this "Angolanisation" runaway foreign interests, the Portuguese Investment Bank (BPI) failed in 2008, its share of 49.9% in its subsidiary Unitel in Angola, Angolan operator mobile, owned 25% by Isabel dos Santos.

Revenge of the Palancas: Portugal, Angola's colony!

        
The Palancas is a rare antelope that lives only in Kuando Kubango. This is the animal symbol of Angola. Would she drive to take revenge?
        
In 1975, the Portuguese had deserted massivly after the Angola caused a terrible war of independence that has devastated Angola for 27 years. They returned to Portugal and took refuge in South Africa, from which they come back (or their descendants)  without making waves.
Today there are over 20,000 reside in Angola.
         While Brazil influence is felt in Luanda as in Lisbon, not only in music and soap operas (telenovelas), but also in the Internet, as most sites are hosted in Brazil, to circumvent deficits connections in Angola.
        
Portugal is gradually becoming a colony of Angola  all due to unhappy Lisbon's readers  with the economic daily "Jornal de Negocios" which jokes about the "Palancas offensive."
        
A businessman in Lisbon, José Calp, said: "Angola is the hope of salvation of the Portuguese economy"
         "It reminds me of the days of great discoveries, when our ancestors went to Africa to escape, too, the economic crisis,"
said Mario Bandeira, of the Higher Institute of Labour Studies and Business.

mardi 30 août 2011

Mauritius: first drug use in Africa.


Mauritius is accustomed to economic performance has been shocked to be "winning" in an area low status: the use of drugs.
         According to the 2009 report of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Mauritians are in proportion to their numbers, Africans the most addicted to opiates, substances derived from opium.
With a prevalence rate of 1.95 per thousand consumers, the country lies second in the world behind Iran.
         Drugs "is a real problem," admits a part of the National Agency for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug users.
         And it is mostly young people from poor backgrounds who are affected: "This is on the rise due to poverty, which itself is growing in the country. In my area, for example, number of children not attending school, while it is compulsory until age 16. All day, they wander the streets, sniffing glue and taking plenty of powerful cough, "
said William Jamaluddin, a city councilor Riche-Terre, town north of Port Louis, capital of Mauritius.

The Mauritian government to the rescue of his youth.

         Thanks to the mobilization of social activists and various NGOs, the government of Mauritius has just opened a large rehabilitation center, home to nearly 600 children and adolescents. Among them, and Asad Ashraf, twin brothers who agreed to testify:
         "We started smoking joints at the age of 11 years, then we have taken strong cough. Four years later, we started to bite us Subutex [substance normally used in the treatment of opiate substitution, ed] in the veins. "
         In 2004 there were almost 20,000 drug users (1.2 million inhabitants) and the phenomenon has grown.
         Consumption of heroin, Subutex and Cannabis is increasingly important, especially among youth and women, and promotes the spread of HIV / AIDS
         But the classification of the UNODC is experienced as an injustice in the country. "The methodology, which is to quadruple the number of consumers arrested for their actual number is questionable,"
protested the Mauritian authorities.
         On the other hand, the classification is truncated, that "less than half the countries have responded to questionnaires."
        
After turning a blind eye for years, the authorities step up efforts to assist drug addicts.
         A law was passed to fight against the phenomenon and positive results are already registered, reported IPS. The Mauritian Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam, has presented satisfactory figures in Parliament earlier this year:
         "The number of people linked to drug trafficking arrested in Mauritius rose from 1,500 in 2000 to 1,800 in 2010, and the same year, about 3 kg of heroin, 55 kg of cannabis and 20,301 Subutex tablets were seized by the police. "
        
Mauritius, independent since 12 March 1968 is populated with 1,268,835 inhabitants (2008) and covers an area of ​​1866 km2.

lundi 29 août 2011

Aruba: Prime design offered to couples.


A luxury hotel in Palm Beach on the north coast of the island of Aruba offers 200 euro discount on their next book to prove that each couple have conceived a child during his stay at the hotel.
        
For this, the couple must present a medical certificate. The average price of a night in the hotel is 140 euros, the discount is therefore equivalent to more or less a free night.
        
Although Aruba is a popular destination for family vacations, prostitution is still legal in Sint Nicolaas, a small village south of the island.
        
Small autonomous state of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (193 km2) located near the peninsula of Paraguaná in Venezuela, Aruba Oranjestad with its capital is a semi-deserted island.
        
It speaks Dutch and Papiamento above. Colonized by the Dutch since 1636, living mainly Aruba Tourism has about 102,523 inhabitants (2009) with a birth rate of 12.78 births per 1000 population. The population is composed of blacks (83%), Hispanics (11.4%), whites (3.7%) and Asians (1%).
        
Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles on 1 January 1986 as Prime Minister Michiel Godfried Eman (born 1961) since October 2009.


dimanche 28 août 2011

Andrée Blouin: "The Word of Congo" or " Black Pasionaria."


Illegitimate grand-sons of Asterix and Vercingetorix

         To hide their sexual libertine (or the exercise of droit de seigneur), which could impair their prestige, the French and Belgian settlers had built orphanages and schools to educate their offspring as "illegitimate" out of the disapproving eyes of their compatriots coming freshly from Europe.

         Thus were built an orphanage in Brazzaville especially Metis Franco-African (and similar) and wards of French Equatorial Africa, in Butembo for "mulatto" and Belgian-Congolese in Rwanda for Save " mulattoes "Ruanda-Urundi and Kivu.
         These were taught into practice especially technicians "civilized" while reminding them of their origins "Negroes."
         In Congo - Kinshasa where there were 12,000 more or less "Half-Blood" on the eve of independence, they normally enjoy a status of evolution, but their parents were away from blacks at risk losing that status brings it closer to "white".

         As for the girls Metis, they were trained to become housewives or nuns in modern nuns strong character who handled the "whip" as well as the "Capita" on construction sites, in mines or on plantations.

         A statute which created huge complex of "ambivalence" in the "Mindele-Ndombe" or "Mindele-Madeso."

         With independence and the sudden departure of their "parents" they were literally lost. Or, they developed a deep hatred towards the "Whites" who had abandoned and felt more "Negroes" that blacks themselves, a protective condescension towards their black parents.

         To Save, in Rwanda, African mothers saw their children at official ceremonies or through the fence of the convent for the most daring. From 1958 to 1961, 400 young Métis were transferred from Save in Belgium and placed in adoptive families in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia.

         The missionaries in charge of these "Orphanages" had developed "international marriage agencies of mulatto"
and rejoiced when a "White authentic" fell in love with a mestizo because it meant they had succeeded his education.


A struggle that gave rise to vocations and passions.


         "This struggle was in tears, fire and blood, we are proud of the depths of ourselves, because it was a noble and just struggle, a struggle necessary to end the humiliating slavery which we was imposed by force. What was our lot in eighty years of colonial rule, our wounds are too fresh and too painful still for us to drive them from our memory. We had work harassing, demanded in return for wages that did not permit us to eat our fill. Neither of us dress or house ourselves decently, or to raise our children as their loved ones. We have known ironies, insults, blows that we had to suffer day and night because we were Negroes. Who will forget that a Black was said "Tu", certainly not as a friend, but because "Vous" Hon was reserved for whites only? ".

         These prophetic words of Patrice Lumumba's speech tore the veil forever opaque covering colonial Africa. As a sword, they would have struck the heart of any young Métis formed in the orphanage for "Young Métis" in Brazzaville or the mission of Save in Rwanda.


Andrée Blouin, born Gerbillat, Métis of Ubangi-Shari


         Daughter of the French adventurer Pierre Gerbillat and Josephine Wouassimba, a woman of the tribe Banziri, born 1st December 1919 in the village of Bessou in Ubangi-Shari (now Central Africa Republic) is separated from her mother at the age of three years and placed as other "Métis" adverse to the orphanage Augouard Brazzaville, the capital of French Equatorial Africa (AOF). The harsh conditions of his training in the orphanage make him aware of his "African status".

         It is still pubescent when she has been married to the French Groetz. Too beautiful, too smart, too independent, so rebellious! The kind of woman who does not fit a macho colon. The divorce was quickly delivered!

         She married the engineer André Blouin, Polytechnic which led him to Guinea for the first time in 1953. She becomes friends with another mestizo, the Guinean Marie-Andrée Kourouma, daughter of Dr. Paul-Marie Duplantier and Kaïssa Kourouma. Former secretary of the Association of Women, she married the fiery trade unionist Muslim Ahmed Sekou Toure, after braving all banned June 18, 1953.

         To have more independence, she opened a shop of African objects at Conakry. Ahmed Sekou Toure, admire his intelligence and eloquence that they share. She feels for him an unwavering admiration. Did she provided him advice and drafted some of his passionate speeches?


The Madame Du Barry Congo of Dag Hammarskjöld
.


         In November 1959, she met Pierre Mulele passing in Conakry who invited him to Leopoldville despite opposition from his fellow Raphael Kinki of African Socialist Party (PSA) and Antoine Kingotolo of the Bakongo Alliance (ABAKO). She exerts "Communist" influence  on Antoine Gizenga and Pierre Mulele, who contact the Belgian colonial administration for his removal.

         On May 31, 1960, the polls confirm access to the power of Patrice Lumumba. Aware of the price of independence, Sekou Toure, sees the fragility of the Congolese nationalist. He decided to send two special advisors: Dr. Felix Moumie Roland, president of the Union of the Populations of Cameroon (UPC) chased by the French secret service he named head of the mission in Leopoldville and his Guinean secret weapon "Ms. Andrée Blouin. "

         She participates in the election of Antoine Gizenga and traveled with him to Kwilu alongside Peter Gabriel and Mulele Yumbu of Socialist African Party (PSA).

         She writes speeches for him including speech of July 30, 1960 at a reception given in honor of UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold during his visit to Kinshasa.

         The Swedish diplomat who does not appreciate, called her with  the nickname of "Madame Du Barry of Congo", the favorite of King Louis XV, guillotined during the French Revolution.


"The Word of Congo" or irritates galvanizes his listeners.



         Accomplished speaker, very good at the local languages ​​and with a common energy out of it galvanized the crowd. Always elegant, she is hated and jealousy as Africans than Europeans. In June 1960, she became a columnist on the radio Congolese where it is called "The Word of Congo."
         Indeed, with his warm voice and vibrant, she communicates her faith to the masses.

         Was she alongside Patrice Lumumba and Thomas Kanza when they writed the correcting speech "Blasphemous" of June 30, 1930?

         Lumumba had not he asked his adviser Belgian Pierre Duvivier him to write an essay "on how Guinean"?

         In July 1960 she was appointed Chief of Protocol of Prime Minister Patrice Emery Lumumba, a position difficult to accept because as she said, her office was a veritable "Tower of Babel" where are scrambling Europeans, Africans, adventurous, passionate, single skinned alive and excited.

         When Patrice Lumumba was brutally murdered in Katanga January 17, 1961, the dream of Andrée Blouin was definitely broken.

         October 14, 1960, she was expelled from the Congo (along with Dr. Felix Moumie) on personal orders of President Joseph Kasavubu.          She took refuge in Switzerland where she escapes two attempted murders. In Paris, where she moved, she continues to denounce the neo-colonialist policy plaguing Africa.

         April 4, 1965, the headlines with a legal complaint against the news agency "Opera Mundi" by Hungarian Peter Winkler. The agency had just published his adventures in the Congo on the basis of his talks with two Belgian journalists without prior agreement!

         In 1981, Jean MacKellar, published by Praeger in New York in English: "My Country, Africa: Autobiography of the Black Pasionaria"
based on conversations she had with him in Paris and Conakry in 1970 and 1980.

         Conakry remain her base until the death of his mentor Sekou Toure in March 1984. Having rejected the words and political actions that are described (judging exceeded) in the book by Jean MacKellar, presented as her autobiography, she died in Paris in complete anonymity in April 1986.

         After her death, the "black pasionaria" disappears from public life and become a legend and be reborn in the guise of Fragonard Simone, aka Kolelas, the main character of the Congolese Henri Lopes “The Lys and flamboyant.”

         "I never knew who I was, and I always knew that I was not (...) In these circumstances it is even harder not to get caught by the masses and seek its way into a world where everything is unstable equilibrium, doubts, loyalties random quicksand where identity is lost in oceans of uncertainty where consciousness is drowning. "

Bosnia: A pigeon driver of heroin.


In August 2009, at the prison in Zenica in Bosnia, 50 km from Sarajevo, a pigeon lands on the bars of a window every night. Its owner runs a small package attached to his leg and attaches a small acknowledgment before sending the pigeon to its final destination.

        
Nothing unusual until the prison guards found that four inmates behave like drug addicts and decide to send them to the laboratory for a medical examination. No doubt they are under the influence of heroin, said the official Josip Pojavnik.

        
Following the investigation, it appears that the pigeon was on the route between Tuzla and Zenica located about 70 km in central Bosnia to deliver drugs.
        
"An investigation is underway to know the identity of those who provide drugs and instructed the pigeon. We do not know what to do with the pigeon, but for now, he will remain behind bars," said the director of prison.
        
This incident led to the closure of a pigeon inside the prison, set up as part of the rehabilitation program for prisoners, complained that the bird did not come either.
        
Similar cases of pigeons deliverymen were held in Brazil. The birds were used to supply drugs, medicines and even mobile phones!

        
The pigeons are a breed of birds bred specifically for their ability to transport small cargo and mail.
        
These birds were used already in the Middle Ages, especially during the wars and even now in many prisons.

        
The Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska or the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities making up Bosnia and Herzegovina. It had 1,503,596 inhabitants in 2006 33% of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

samedi 27 août 2011

Mo'ammar Gaddafi was secretly in love with Condoleezza Rice!


While his family called her "Condi," Gaddafi Mo'ammar familiarly called her "Leezza".
        
"I support my beloved African woman. (...) I admire and am proud of how she relaxes and gives orders to the Arab leaders. Leezza, Leezza, Leezza (...) I like her very much. I admire and am proud of her, because she is a black woman of African origin "stated Colonel Gaddafi in 2007 in an interview with the pan-Arab channel Al-Jazeera.
        
In June 2005, she was severely criticized President Hosni Mubarak of requiring free, fair transparent elections. Which probably resulted Mo'ammar Gaddafi on reducing his program of acquiring and developing weapons of mass destruction and the payment of financial compensation for the bombing of Pan Am over Lockerbie in Scotland in 1988.
        
In 2008, as part of the normalization of relations between Washington and Tripoli, the former guide of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Socialist People finally had the opportunity to meet the U.S. Secretary of State George W. Bush in Tripoli.
        
Visibly overwhelmed by the visit, the Libyan president had received the responsible of American diplomacy from 2005 to 2009 in the residence that was bombed by President Ronald Reagan in 1986 in retaliation for the disco bombing in West Berlin frequented by U.S. soldiers April 5, 1986, attributed to Libya.
         On this occasion Mo'ammar Gaddafi, visibly happy, wearing a large scarf in the colors of Africa, had addressed to her, calling tenderly "Leezza," while her close aides employed instead of "Condi" for the challenge.
        
During this official visit, Gaddafi had covered Condoleezza Rice symbolic gifts: a diamond ring, a lute, a gold medallion enclosing her picture and an autographed copy of his « Green Book ».
         Value of gifts that usually end up outlined in the presidential library or in a common warehouse: 212,000 USD (147,000 Euros). U.S. authorities are not entitled to keep official gifts offered by foreign leaders.
        
U.S. Secretary had received in November 2005, a necklace valued at petal motifs 170,000 dollars of its Saudi counterpart, Prince Saud al-Faisal.
        
She had also received in 2007 from other Arab leaders lavish gifts including a dress full of emeralds and diamonds - necklace, bracelet, earrings and ring - valued at some 147 000 dollars, King Abdullah II of Jordan and a similar dress, this time adorned with rubies and diamonds, valued at 165,000 dollars of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia.
        
In August 2011, storming the headquarters of Qaddafi, the rebels made a surprising discovery in one of the buildings: an album full of pictures of his "dear" Condoleezza Rice.
        
The photo album found Wednesday in the stronghold of Bab al-Azizia in Tripoli contained several photographs of Condoleezza Rice.          Requested by the Associated Press, the former secretary of state, once nicknamed "Warrior Princess" did not return calls.
        
When contacted by The Associated Press, former Secretary of State did not return calls.
         Asked about it, the spokesman for the State Department in Washington, Victoria Nuland did not hide his disgust: "I do not need to see the photos. They describe well the behavior of most of the time Gaddafi. It's not a surprise to me. But it's weird and deeply scary, if it is as you described it, "she said.

vendredi 26 août 2011

Czech Republic: The real father of the European Union.


Count Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi (1894-1972) of Czech nationality, the son of an Austro-Hungarian diplomat, speaking 18 languages ​​in October 1923 offers the first modern project of a united Europe in his book "Paneuropa", a prophetic and inspiring book.
        
To disseminate his ideas, he founded the pan-European movement, the first Congress, which brings together over 2,000 participants, held at the Konzerthaus in Vienna from 3 to 6 October 1926.
        
His message is perceived by many intellectuals including Albert Einstein (1879-1955), Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Thomas Mann (1875-1955), José Ortega, as well as by political figures as Édouard Herriot (1872-1957) Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967), Maurice Schuman (1911-1998), Winston Churchill (1874-1955) and especially Aristide Briand (1862-1932).
        
In 1938, because of the Anschluss, he fled to Switzerland, especially as his wife is Jewish and he is hated by Adolf Hitler (1889-1945). From there he moved to the United States, where he teaches at the University of New York.
        
He leads a research seminar for the creation of a federation of European states that became the center of the Pan-European Union in exile.
        
He took French citizenship in 1939. The end of the war led him to return to Switzerland, as a first step in Gstaad.
         After suggesting in 1947 the creation of the first postage stamp Europe is in the city he founded in 1947 the European Parliamentary Union, which will result after the Congress of Europe in The Hague in 1948 on the creation of the Council of Europe, and inspire the European Parliament.
        
On May 18, 1950, he received the International Charlemagne Prize.
He formulated two prescient quotes:

"Every great historic event began as a utopia to end up as reality."
"Neither West nor the East do not want to save Europe: Russia wants to conquer it and America wants to buy it."

jeudi 25 août 2011

India: Auction items of Mahatma Gandhi.

  A fervent admirer of Gandhi, the peace activist, James Otis has not recovered from the controversy created around the auction of objects of Mahatma by the house Antiquorum Auctioneers in New York March 5, 2009.
        
Consumed by guilt, he first public apology to the people of India in New Delhi, before starting a hunger strike of thirty days in March 2009 for having hurt the feelings of "good people" of India, reports the Times of India.
        
James Otis announced that money from the auction (1.8 million) would be paid to charity.
        
These objects are metallic glasses of Gandhi, her strappy leather sandals, his silver pocket watch, his bowl and his plate of copper purchased $ 1.8 million (1.43 million) by billionaire Vijay Mallya, CEO of United Breweries Group and Kingfisher Airlines the airline when they were initially estimated at 20,000 and 30,000 dollars.
        
New Delhi, which considers that these objects are part of Indian heritage, had protested vehemently against the sale and the announcement raised an outcry in the country.
        
"I am very pleased that these objects back in India," said Robert Maron, president of the auction house Antiquorum auction houses.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the architect of the civil disobedience movement that led to the bloody Partition of British India and the independence of India and Pakistan on 14 and 15 August 1947. Born October 2, 1869, he was assassinated in Delhi on 30 January 1948.

mercredi 24 août 2011

Peru: Alberto Fujimori has sterilized more than 300,000 Peruvian Women in 5 years!



The Committee of Latin America and the Caribbean for the Defense of Women's Rights (CLADEM) filed a complaint with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights against the policy of forced sterilization of Alberto Fujimori between 1995 and 2000.
        
In the 1990s, under President Alberto Fujimori, an anti-birth policy has led to the forced sterilization of more than 300,000 Peruvian women of just over 12 million of Peruvian women.
        
They are exactly 331,600 farmers in the Peruvian Andes or senoras the slums of Lima have been forcibly sterilized between 1990 and 2000 that is to say during the presidency of Alberto Fujimori. This figure was published in a "final report" of the Ministry of Health in 2002.
        
The case came true during the last presidential election and the scandal contributed to the defeat of his daughter Keiko Fujimori, June 5, 2011.

Family planning program advocating voluntary surgical Anticoncept (AQV)!

        
Between 1995 and 2000, as part of a "Plan for Public Health" doctors and civil servants were sent to rural Peru with the objective of reducing the number of births. In exchange, they promised money or rice, but did not explain their "patients" that they could no longer bear children.
        
Some women had free medical consultations, dental care, and even sessions and leave in hair ... sterile. Mostly illiterate, these women had, unbeknownst to them, signed a release allowing doctors to perform their tubal ligation.
Result: many husbands left their home, rejecting a wife become sterile.
        
Alejandro Aguinaga, the health minister at the time, admits that "mistakes" were made, but refuses to acknowledge that this was a deliberate policy. Behind that forced sterilization was hiding a shameful political objective: "Destroy the areas supporting the people's war led by the Communist Party of Peru."
        
In fact this policy was an outrageous response to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), who considered it essential to reduce the birth rate in Peru.
        
Determined to reduce the force of poverty in Peru, Alberto Fujimori, who launched into a political antinatalist with the help of the United Nations and many aid groups.
        
In twenty years, only one family was compensated when they were around 2,000 to have complained.
        
March 14, 1998, when the lawyer Giulia Tamayo presents the documentary film in United Nations at New York : "Silence and complicity, violence against women in public health services in Peru", his home was ransacked and all its equipment is carried.

Alberto Fujimori, "El Chino", revered and hated at once!

        
Agronomist of Japanese descent, Alberto Fujimori was born July 28, 1938 in Lima, Peru chaired the July 28, 1990 to November 22, 2000. Taking advantage of a cooperative Congress in Brunei to leave Peru, he fled to Japan where he sends a fax to Lima to announce his resignation. He was replaced by Alejandro Toledo.
        
Accused of murder and violations of human rights and corruption, he spent six years in Japan, before landing in Chile November 6, 2005, where he is extradited to Peru and sentenced in 2009 to 25 years in prison.
        
During the Second World War, the economic success of the Japanese community in Peru, the resentment of the Peruvian population and many Japanese were persecuted and sent to concentration camps in the United States ...
        
Over 600 Japanese were killed during the ransacked their small businesses. Many fled Peru and Japan despite the confiscation of their tire repair shop, the family remained Fujimori in Lima. Alberto studied at the School of Merced, and Alfonso Ugarte in college, where he came first in his class.
        
After obtaining his degree in agronomy at the University of La Molina National Agrarian he was appointed professor of mathematics before being appointed Rector of the University Agraria La Molina and was twice president of the National Peruvian University Rectors (Asamblea Nacional de Rector).
        
In 1990, one that will be known as "El Chino" and was considered the candidate of the poor Indians, Métis (people of mixed Indian ancestry and white), blacks and people of Asian descent, beating the famous writer and Nobel Prize for literature in 2010, Mario Vargas Llosa of Peru and became president.
        
Thanks to the support of the latter that Keiko Fujimori's daughter, born in 1975 was defeated in the presidential election June 5, 2011 by Ollanta Moises Humala Tasso, who heads Peru.
        
With cancer of the tongue, Alberto Fujimori serve his sentence in prison Barbadillo.


mardi 23 août 2011

M’oammar Gaddafi, his nurses and Amazons.


"Women, like men, are human beings. This is an undeniable truth ... Women are different from men physically, because they are female, as all females in the kingdom of plants and animals differ from males of their species. According to gynecologists, women, unlike men, have their periods every month. Because men do not get pregnant, they do not feel the same pain as women. They give the breast for almost two years ".

Gaddafi wife a nurse.

        
Safia Qadhafi, born Sofia Baraâsi al-Farkash was born in 1952 in Al-Bayda in a Catholic family originally from Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina. She is a nurse by profession. His grandfather, the Croatian Ivan Farkash (born in 1858 in Petrinja, Banija, in the county of Sisak-Moslavina, Croatia) was Inspector of Education in Austria. He was writer and author of books for education.
        
In 1971, after the removal of his appendix, Gaddafi falls in love with the nurse to nimble fingers working at the hospital in Al Bayda in eastern Libya.
        
He decides to divorce his first wife, the teacher Khaled Nouri al-Fatiha (the mother of Mohamed Gaddafi, born 1971), and the wife. She gives him seven sons and one daughter including Seif al-Islam, (born 1972), Aisha (born 1977) wife of Ahmed Al-Qadhafi Al-QAHS, Saadi (37), Muatassim Bilal (born in 1974 ), Hannibal (1975), Khamis (born 1983), Saif al-Arab (1982).

Oksana Balinskaya and Galyna Kolotnytska, the nannies of the guide.

        
Oksana Balinskaya, Ukrainian nurse just spent two happy years together with the guide of the Libyan Jamahiriya, the staff of the guide has been used to call Dad. Back in her country, she confides to Russian newspaper "Pravda Komsmolskya"
        
"To understand a person is employed at Gaddafi, just look at his watch. All September 1st, the anniversary of his taking power, he offered an Italian gold shows with his portrait engraved on the staff of the residence. People who were with him for years have made beautiful collections, "she reveals in Russian tabloid.
        
"The staff that were with him had nothing against him, quite the contrary: When we were in New York, Papa gave a personal order to give us money for shopping in the shops" says it.
        
"For dining, Dad is a man without pretension. He loves the couscous with the meat of camel or sheep. Like all Libyans, he loves Italian food, especially pasta, "she told the reporter.
        
Despite his age, Gaddafi is in better shape than many others. It is a medical examination once a year and its voltage is perfect "Tell Oksana Balinskaya in Kyiv Post Kiev.

Gaddafi overthrew the day the fate of Oksana.

        
Born in 1987 in a small village near Kiev, the nurse was summoned for an interview barely a month after sending his CV to a recruitment agency offering positions abroad. It was like a casting for a film, she says. Gaddafi was on a visit to Kiev, Ukraine, Oksana and personally interviewed the other candidates.
        
"He has a subtle understanding of human psychology. Only two candidates out of six candidates were treated to the Gaddafi handshake, signifying their commitment. As they do not understand Arabic, the head nurse translates for them, "she said.
        
Based in Tripoli, Oksana lived in a furnished one-room rent-free, service included. As there was no common transport between the hotel and the residence of Kadhafi, a driver was providing transportation to get to work. Gaddafi was treatable, he has kept his distance in a subtle way with his staff. The salary was at least 2500 dollars. Tripoli is a giant construction site. Gasoline is cheaper than water. In shops, they even credit.

Galyna Kolotntska, "the voluptuous blonde, fake mistress's guide"

         According to the revelations from a cable 29 September 2009 the U.S. ambassador in Tripoli, Gene Cretz and published by Wikileaks, Galyna Kolotntyska, is described as a "voluptuous blonde without whom Gaddafi never moves."
It was the closest confidant of the Libyan leader. Was it also his mistress as suggested by the confidence of the American diplomat?
        
"Galyna had the same responsibilities as other nurses there were five of us-but she was best known," says Oksana Balinskaya in the Kyiv Post Kiev.
        
On February 27, 2011, she was evacuated with his compatriots by the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine in Kiev Tripoli. As Halyna Kolotnytska (38) refused to trust the media, rumors ran wild on she, including it's because she was pregnant she was sent home. Sources reveal that the father of her child is a Serbian businessman with whom she was separated at the beginning of the revolution in Libya.
"Kolotnytska is not mistress of Gaddafi. This story was invented by the Americans," says Galyna, defending his colleague and compatriot.
        
Halyna Koschiv Bovary born in 1972, this nurse was a member of the research mission in Antarctica after graduating nursing school in Kiev. She married electrician for a local factory called Kolotnytska, who died in 1992. In 2001 she was hired as a nurse in a hospital in Tripoli, before being assigned to the service personnel Mo'ammar Gaddafi. In 2011, Libya had at least 500 doctors and nurses Ukrainians.

The case of Bulgarian nurses

        
This love-hate for nurses explain there not hard to Mo'ammar Gaddafi against the Bulgarian nurses' accused of infecting HIV / AIDS through blood transfusion in 426 Libyan children from 6 months to 18 years (51 died) at the Al-Fateh Hospital in Benghazi in 1987 to 1998? incarcerated February 9, 1999, five Bulgarian nurses: Christiana Valcheva, Valia Georgieva Chervenjashka, NASSIA Stoichev Nenova, Valentina Manolova Siropulo, Snezhana Ivanova Dimitrova and the anesthetist Palestinian, Ashraf Ahmad Juma, were released in July 2007 through the intervention of Cecilia Sarkozy, the former wife of French President Nicolas Sarkozy, after eight years' imprisonment in Libyan jails. They were sentenced to death in 2004.

Gaddafi and his forty Amazons.

        
Gaddafi likes women combatants. It is guarded by 40 young amazons who form his praetorian guard. Beautiful, pristine, strapped in impeccable uniforms, they are trained for three years in the Military Academy in Tripoli that he founded himself in 1983 with the help of the Germans.
         They make the vow of chastity and must present a certificate of good character. They are subject to a hard drive, the handling of firearms and martial arts. Some are trained to fly MiG.
         The real killing machines trained to protect and guide ready to die for him. As Aicha, riddled with bullets in an attack against Islamic fundamentalists Gaddafi in 1998 after throwing himself in front of Gaddafi to protect it. Seven of his comrades were seriously injured.
        
At a summit of Heads of State in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, when the police charged the order at the Palace of the African Union tried to prevent them from entering the meeting room for reasons of protocol, they gave a demonstration of their skills in karate by neutralizing the Ethiopian troops in no time main.
         Avant trigger a panic by threatening them with their automatic weapons. A real mayhem! It was a gesture of appeasement of the Libyan president to get everything in order.
         In 2003, at the 15th Summit of the Arab League, they are once again defending the guide noticed during an altercation with the Saudis.

"He gave us life. I am ready to die for him. He is a father, a brother and a husband who can confide. You can not imagine how he is humble, "said Fatia to the Belgian magazine Express.

What are they begin when the Libyan Jamahiriya is collapse?

Switzerland / Vatican: Pope Benedict XVI to the rescue of people in Fiesch.


In 1678, residents of Fiesch in Upper Valais (Switzerland) praying for the Aletsch glacier does not extend more. They have vowed to pray and live a virtuous.
        
At that time the village was threatened by the flooding of Lake Märjelen. To enhance the effects of prayer, an annual procession was introduced in 1862 and takes place every July 31.
        
But today, the glacier retreats under the effects of global warming. They believe that only the Pope Benedict XVI in which they requested a hearing, may release them from the oath and reverse their prayers and said the parish priest, Father Pascal Venetz.
        
A written request should be addressed and detailed to the Bishop of Sion, then the papal nuncio in Bern before being sent to Pope Benedict XVI at the Vatican.
        
The prefect of Conches, director of sports and holiday Fiesch since May 1996 and Vice President of Valais Tourism, Herbert Volken said ironically that "if the glacier melts, is that we have asked too."
        
The eternal conflict of political and religious priest Don Camillo and the communist mayor of the village of Brescella in Bassa Padana, Giuseppe Bottazzi alias Peppone!
        
The Aletsch glacier has indeed lost 3 and a half kilometers long and 300 m thick compared to what it was in 1678. Spanning 23 km, the Aletsch Glacier is the longest in the Alps.
        
Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn is world heritage of UNESCO and the village of Fiesch is part of Swiss resorts to obtaining the quality label "Families Welcome".
        
In summer 2007, the American Spencer Tunick has photographed about 600 naked people in collaboration with Greenpeace who used the Aletsch glacier to bring attention to the melting of glaciers and climate change.
        
Yet the melting of glaciers in the Swiss benefits could reconsider its border with Italy and allow the station to inherit a Zermatt ski lift and a gondola station is currently in Italy.

lundi 22 août 2011

A character from a novel centenary enriches a Canadian island.

 
"Anne of Green Gables" by Lucy Maud Montgomery.

        
She is called "Anne of Green Gables", the fictional heroine cult novel published at the beginning of the century by Lucy Maud Montgomery (1874-1942). The scene of the novel takes place on the island of Prince Edward Island, (5,683.56 km2 with a population of 140,402 inhabitants in 2009), the birthplace of Canadian Confederation in 1873.
        
"The brother and sister Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert at Green Gables decides to adopt a boy to help them in their work on the farm imaginary imaginary Avonlea (Actually, this farm was the residence of son David and Margaret Macneill, cousins grandfather of the author). Instead of a little boy is a girl of eleven years, Anne Shirley comes up. They say nothing and decide to keep it. "

A common story, inspired by the biography of Lucy Maud.

        
At two years, the latter lost his mother Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery.
        
His father, Hugh John Montgomery entrusts it to his maternal grandparents Alexander Marquis Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill in Cavendish. In 1890, she joined her father and stepmother in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, but after a year she returned to Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island with her grandparents.
        
After a year of study of Pedagogy in Charlottetown, she studied literature at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. From its seventeen years, she writes articles in local newspapers in Halifax, especially in "Chronicle" and "Echo" before returning to the island of Prince Edward Island.
        
After teaching in various schools on the island, she returned to Cavendish to live with her widowed grandmother. She began her career as a novelist. In 1911, shortly after the death of her grandmother, she married the Presbyterian minister Ewan Macdonald, who became pastor of the Presbyterian Church in St. Paul Leaksdale (Uxbridge).
        
The couple has three children: Chester Cameron, Stuart Macdonald and Hugh Alexander who died at birth.
        
The couple has three children: Chester Cameron Macdonald (1912-1964), (Ewan) Stuart Macdonald (1915-1982) and Hugh Alexander, who died at birth in 1914.
        
In this atmosphere of religious meditation loan, she wrote eleven books. With "Anne of Green Gables," published in 1908 and translated into sixty languages, it is an international success.
She died in Toronto in 1942.

"Best Seller" in the World Classic in Japan!

        
60 million copies sold worldwide translated into 40 languages ​​...
For the study of foreign literature in Japan, "Anne of Green Gables" is mandatory from 1952!
        
Except for North Americans, the Japanese are said to be fascinated by the red hair of the young Anne. There are even fan clubs, an Academy of Anne and a nursing school bearing his name.
        
This success has boosted the Japanese success story in other countries including Italy "In Italy, only five of eight books were published. But in the '80s, everyone saw on TV the Japanese cartoon" Rosanna said Gatti, a young librarian in the region of Monza, in Lombardy, came to literary pilgrimage to Green Gables with husband and child.

A character in a novel source of a thriving tourism industry!

        
What is even more amazing is the appeal of this character in a novel over a century become an inexhaustible source for a thriving industry. Living museums, golf dramatize, musicals, chocolates, various gadgets attract 140,000 tourists a year who spent $ 370 million in 2010 on the island of Prince Edward Island, the smallest province in the picture postcard scenery, with its red cliffs, large sandy beaches lapped by the Atlantic and its wooden houses in environments manicured lawns.
        
Chantelle Macdonald, director of the National Historic Site of Green Gables in Cavendish, "which includes the Green Gables with period furniture, the path of love and haunted forest, names of the imaginary village of Avonlea and the post office, "a hard time convincing some of his visitors that Anne has never really existed.
"Visitors to confuse fact and fiction, they confuse the author of Anne and her history." She says.

"The kingdom is the sweetest person whose imagination has the key"-Lucy Maud Montgomery.

Bibliography:

Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne ... the Green Gables TO1, Québec Amérique, 2001.


dimanche 21 août 2011

Argentina, Germany, England: Fan of the football club for all eternity!


A cemetery for fans of El Boca in Buenos Aires.

        
The famous football club "Atletico El Boca Juniors of Argentina" better known as the "Bombonera" opened a cemetery at Parque Iraola Peresra, 30 km from Buenos Aires, reserved exclusively for its supporters is commonly called "Su Hincha."
         By visiting the famous goalkeeper of the club in the 1960s, Antonio Rattin Obaldo exclaimed: "It is very beautiful and we want to stay."
        
The site covers a hectare afforested with up to 12,000 graves. It is decorated with blue and yellow flowers, the colors of Club Atletico El Boca.
        
The cemetery was blessed by Father Jose Luis Monzon in the presence of Secretary General of Boca Juniors, Luis Buzio.
        
"It's an honor to be here on behalf of Boca Juniors and have a tomb. In addition to the supporters, there is room for players and managers. We rest here," said during the inauguration Buzio .
        
The idea for this cemetery came after strong demand from fans to spread the ashes of his dead on the ground of Boca Juniors.
         Football Club El Boca is regarded as the best club in the first decade of the century of Latin America.

Hamburg SV fans even in the afterlife!

        
The football club Hamburg SV, who plays in the Bundesliga, Germany imitated Club Boca El Cemetery by installing a 15 meters from the stage for his ardent supporters.
        
"For many, it's important to feel close to his club, even after death," says the vice president added that the cemetery look like an outdoor stadium.
         With 42,000 registered supporters at the club for only 500 seats, the competition promises to be fierce. Supporters receive a 25-year concession and can choose between different types of burials: a funeral urn from 2,500 euros, a single grave at 8,000 euros, or both, to 12,500 euros. The cemetery, with an estimated cost of 70,000 euros, was launched in September 2006.
        
In England, Everton FC in Liverpool was founded in 1878 made famous by dispersing the ashes of his fans around the field.

samedi 20 août 2011

Brazil: The savior of humanity is ... naked!


In April 1989, the great Indian chief of the tribe of Kayapagos of the Amazon, in Mato Grosso in the territory of Brazil, Raoni Metuktire, invited to Paris (with help from singer Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, aka Sting) Media made a splash.
        
Paris-Match devotes entire pages and great pictures in front of the new Louvre pyramid. Turning a hat in yellow feathers, face painted black, this man out of time was given for the first time, a Brazilian passport, made its first flight and appeared on French television.
         His lower lip distended by a hard pipe and made him a masterpiece of an ethnological museum.
        
But his mission was even more impressive: "Saving the largest reserve of oxygen in the world, the Amazon forest."
         The embarrassment of his hosts was as great or hotels or villas in Paris were up to the master of nature. There remained only the Rambouillet forest, whose leaf evergreens this winter without pity were next to the ancient trees of the Amazon home.
        
The joke did not stop there because the poor Raoni after being received by President Jacques Chirac at the Elysee Palace, had not the right black limousine heads of state, but an ambulance service with Emergency Medical Services (EMS) with the bikers ... to prevent it from being contaminated by polluted air of Paris or the opposite!
        
For more information: JP-Dutilleux. with Chief Raoni: Raoni – Mémoires d’un chef indien (memories of an Indian chief), preface by Jacques Chirac, Du Rocher Publishing, Paris, 2010.