vendredi 29 octobre 2010

Emperor Bokassa I: Pedophile and cuckold




Daughter of Clement Hassan, director of  “La France d’Outremer “and the teacher, Christine Gueret, Marie-Reine was born July 14, 1964 in Bangui. In 1978, during his studies at the Catholic High School Pius XII Bangui (she was then aged 14), she is forced to marry the president Bokassa after two years in its jails Ngaragba. The poor girl, tries in vain to flee to Cameroon with his mother.
           
His entire family is imprisoned in the galleys Ngaragba in Bangui. Released after two years, Marie-Reine officially became one of the many wives of her torturer.
           
After two years of confinement in the palace of Bokassa, she tries unsuccessfully to commit suicide then simulates madness. She returned to join his father in Paris (he was also imprisoned for one year by Bokassa). She can finally pursue his secondary education at the Lycée François Couperin at Fontainebleau.
           
From 1983 to 1984, she was executive director of the Central African Shippers' Council in Bangui. In 1984, she obtained a D.E.S. Economics and International Trade at the Institut d'Etudes des Relations Internationales (ILERI).
         After the overthrow of Emperor Bokassa by French troops during "Operation Barracuda" in 1979, his father was appointed secretary general of President David Dacko (1930-2003).
           
In 1998, she obtained a Master in International Business at the University of Maryland, USA. In 2003, she was appointed Ambassador of the Central African Republic in Senegal. In September 2006 she was appointed Minister Delegate to the Minister of State for Planning, Economy and International Cooperation, in charge of International Cooperation by President Francois Bozize.
           
From 2007 to 2008 she held the position of Minister for Economy, Plan and International Cooperation. From November 2008 to October 2009, she served as Minister Delegate at the Presidency of the Republic in charge of Regional Development (development poles).
           
In 2010, she presented her candidacy for the presidential election. Mother of three children, she is married to Didier Peltier.
           
Far from the fabulous destiny of Marie-Reine, the Empress Catherine Denguiadé Bokassa (born August 7, 1949 at Sahr Chad) has enjoyed the splendors of the imperial court.
           
After the overthrow of her husband, 20 September 1979, she stayed in the Ivory Coast and France, before moving to Lausanne in Switzerland. In 1995 she returned to Bangui, where she pulls the struggling amid memories populous Houphouet-Boigny, Giscard d'Estaing, Mobutu Sese Seko of Mo'ammar Gaddafi, Omar Bongo ...
What has she done trunks filled with currency, diamonds, gold, jewelry and silver, watches great designers ... she brought with her shortly before the fall of the father of her seven children?

The coronation carnival!

           
On December 4, 1977, the day the imperial coronation, she is dressed by Lanvin in a long gown spangled gold worth $ 72,000, enhanced with sequins and 935,000 pieces of gold embroidered with jewels. On his forehead shines a golden crown set with a diamond of 38 carats of inestimable value. Her ladies wear dresses and pink Fuchsia scenes from "Gone With the Wind."
           
While Jean Bedel Bokassa wears a long embroidered dawn of 785,000 white pearls and crystal beads 1,220,000 (12 m and 38 kg), a velvet cape and ermine a cost of 145,000 U.S. dollars. It covers the forehead with laurel wreath golden Imperator Caesar.
           
After the long climb back from the red carpet (80 meters), the imperial couple moved in two huge golden throne in the form of eagle standing on a platform draped in red velvet.
           
The emperor received successively at the hands of his officers of the guard, his sword coronation (offered by President Valery Giscard d'Estaing), her crown of diamonds (the same as the queen Elizabeth II of England), decorated with a diamond of 138 carats (estimated at $ 2 million) and the diamond scepter, red cape and gold winner.
           
The Emperor's oath and a gesture that leaves no voice support, took the crown and laying himself on the head, self proclaimed "Emperor of Central Africa by the will of the Central African people, united in within the national political party: Movement for Social Evolution of Black Africa" before 5,000 guests.
           
The Empress Catherine puts a knee, gets his cape and crown of diamonds from the hand of her husband Imperial.
           
The coronation will cost the treasury over Central $ 20 million in a country where GDP is now 250 million dollars.
           
The choir sings the anthem while the imperial cannon announces the Central African people that his troubles began.
           
For Bokassa I, too, because he was overthrown by the French Army (Operation Barracuda) September 21, 1979 during his stay in Libya.
           
Forced to land at Evry in France, he is locked up in his plane for four days, starved, stripped and humiliated and then shipped to Ivory Coast.
           
The report on Bokassa by Jean Claude Chuzel Lionel Chomarat, made in Abidjan in 1983 (where he spent 4 years restricted house) and broadcast on the internet crushes France, and this would explain the ban.
           
For 52 minutes, the ex-emperor gives details of what were his relations with France and former President Valery Giscard d'Estaing. He explains in particular how he offered graciously and regularly, not only diamonds, but also favors extra-marital affairs of his "Empress Catherine" to his "brother," President Valery Giscard d'Estaing:
“He got house arrest and given me as a package to Houphouet-Boigny, he slept with my wife, Empress Catherine Bokassa to the enclosure (the French president would have had an abortion at a clinic in Neuilly 1974). He robbed of my belongings ... my friend Giscard”.

The fabulous destiny of orphan Bongombé,

           
Bokassa was born February 22, 1921 at Bongombé near Bobangui. His mother Mary Yokowo suicide September 20, 1927 after the execution of her husband Mindogon Ngboundoulou Chief customary Mbaïki by colonial agents September 13, 1927.
           
Her aunt Siril (the mother of Abbe Barthelemy Boganda President) also perished under the blows of bothers officers Oubangui-Sanga Forestry Company (FSCO), a subsidiary of the Colonial Society SFFC, then headed by Edmond Giscard d'Estaing, the father of the future French president Valery Giscard d'Estaing.
           
Supported by her grandfather Mbalanga, he studied at École Sainte-Jeanne d'Arc at Mbaïki until 1928, at the St. Louis School of Bangui and at the missionary school in Brazzaville (Congo ), where he arrived Dec. 30, 1929.
           
After his studies in school-Edouard Renard in Brazzaville, he was ten years old when he did enlist for four years in the French colonial army "Free France" May 19, 1939.
         "The Sergeant" as nicknamed General Charles De Gaulle climbed the ranks of the army France (seventeen medals and the Legion of Honor in premium) to the rank of lieutenant when he was posted to Brazzaville in 1958.
           
On 1 January 1963 with the rank of colonel, he was officially appointed by President David Dacko, Chief of Staff of the small Central African army of 500 men set up by French General Marcel Bigeard (1916-2010).
           
On the night of December 31, 1965 January 1, 1966, he arrests the President David Dacko and the gendarmerie commander Jean Izamo and seized power. 8 January 1966, he proclaimed himself president and established a totalitarian regime for 14 years and caricature leaving a miserable country.
           
Paranoid, eccentric and sexually obsessed, he has had at least 19 wives and concubines, and at least 54 known children. On 23 October 1986, he returned to Central African Republic "to regain power," but is arrested at the airport in Bangui by the French Colonel Jean-Claude Mantion, right arm of the president Andre Kolingba and imprisoned.
           
Accused of "political assassinations, complicity to murder, cannibalism, poisoning, concealment of corpses, arrests and arbitrary detentions, violence and assault, assault and battery on children resulting in death no intention of giving, misuse of public funds, assets and property of the State, affect the internal and external security of the state of intelligence with a foreign power, etc.. "
         He was sentenced to capital punishment, confiscation of his property to a maximum of 60 million French francs and the forfeiture of his civil rights June 13, 1987 after a lengthy trial of 7 months and 84 hearings.
           
Pardoned by President Andre Kolingba, 1 September 1993 after seven years in prison, he sinks into mysticism.
           
Dressed in a white cassock and carrying a huge cross, he proclaims himself "thirteenth apostle of Jesus Christ and Saint Tier" blesses his few visitors and celebrates Mass every morning.
           
Abandoned by his parents and his courtiers, he spent his last years in paranoia and misery before being felled by a stroke October 10, 1995.
         On November 3, 1995, he died of cardiac arrest in Abidjan. He was buried Dec. 18, 1996 in his field "imperial" of Bérengo Central African Republic and was entitled to state funerals.

... In the absence of the former Empress Catherine Bokassa comfortably installed in Lausanne, Switzerland!


The illegitimate offspring of Leopold I, King of the Belgians.

 
At the funeral of Leopold II in December 1909, a man who looks just like water Leopold I drew all eyes. Nobody doubts that this is the grand marshal of the court of Saxe-Coburg, Baron Arthur von Eppinghoven (1852-1940), one of the natural son of Leopold I (1790-1865) and his mistress Arcadia Claret-Meyer (1826-1897), the daughter of a Belgian army officer.
         The couple's first son was born illegitimate in the convent of St. Joseph Girls Cross Street Louvrex Liège, November 14, 1849. His name is George, Frederick, Ferdinand, Henry.
At the time, Queen Louise-Marie, official wife of King Leopold I, aged 38 years is very ill and died the following year.
         The second illegitimate son born Sept. 25, 1852 at Castle Castle Stuyvenberg and receives the names of Christian Frederick Arthur.
         Contrary to the official story which claimed that the natural progeny was out with the two King's son, George and Arthur, the first king of the Belgians had a numerous progeny result of illegitimate relations with his mistress Arcadia Claret became the Baroness of Eppinghoven (Germany).
         Victor Capron, a lawyer and member of the Circle of History of Laeken was found around the world after ten years of research that has documented in two books: The natural offspring of Leopold I, King of the Belgians (1995) and On Claret traces of Arcadia, the great love of Leopold I (2006).
         They are engineers, doctors, farmers and live in South Africa, Great Britain, the United States, Canada and New Zealand.
"These are people who live simply income from their work, they know their royal origins, but these distant cousins of the king, strong sympathetic moreover, do not claim anything. They prefer to look forward rather than backwards. Their life is now so far from our country ... "
         To complete the investigation, he wrote hundreds of letters in Germany, South Africa, Canada ...
         In September 1994, he even met Baron von Alarich Eppinghoven (born 1930), is the great-king's illegitimate son, a former company director living in Canada with her two twin son, only to be still Eppinghoven name.
         Leopold Ist had inherited a considerable fortune to his mistress, including properties in Germany to avoid scandal.
         After the death of Leopold in December 1865, Arcadia went to live in Germany with his two son. "She takes big train," the author explains: "couplings, hunts, servants, garden art, custom machine with his initials surmounted by a crown with seven branches, many trips to the Riviera, etc".
         Their wealth is enormous but their spending too. With her son, she embarks on countless real estate transactions, not always happy.
When their mother died in 1897, George and Arthur share what is left is to say 1 million DM, which is always a very large sum ...
         Surprisingly offspring, when we learn that George (1849-1904) the eldest son of King Leopold I and Arcadia Claret married a servant girl (after having knocked up three times) who died in an asylum lonely old men in 1943.
         Marianne, born in 1891, one of the daughters of George, died in a schizophrenic mental asylum in Germany in 1973.
         Georg II, born in 1892, was a hero of the Prussian army during the First World War. This caused dissension in the family, saw Arcade, the third natural granddaughter of Leopold I had married, meanwhile, a British army officer.
         Born in 1894, the daughter of Arthur named Louise-Marie has lived in the Brussels region, Gerard Street in Etterbeek, until 1966. She had no descendants. It is interesting to note that despite its origins hidden, she received until her death on the financial support of several members of the royal family, including Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles or King Baudouin Ist ( 1930-1993).
         In 1910, a note by the Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Henri François Claude Julien Davignon (1854-1916) states: "We have never dealt with matters relating to natural or illegitimate offspring of King Leopold I as affairs of state . They are known officially in Belgium".

jeudi 28 octobre 2010

The Curse of Mr. H.M. Leopold II Roger Casement to Floribert Chebeya ... or The curse of H.M. Leopold II and the tragic fate of the defenders of human rights in Democratic Republic of Congo.

 
The pioneer of human rights in Congo is David Roger Casement. Born September 1, 1864 at Sandycove, a small village on the eastern coast of County Dublin in Ireland. Orphaned at age ten years, he was raised by friends of his family in Ulster.
         He has nineteen years when he was posted as commissioner of a ship of the Elder Dempster Shipping Company Limited which provided the Antwerp-Boma, before getting hired as a volunteer of the Association Internationale du Congo (A.I.C.).
         At the service of "Bula-Matari" Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904) and accompanies him to find the German Jew doctor, Eduard Carl Oscar Theodor Schnitzer, aka "Emin Pasha (1840-1892)”.
         After working for the colonial administration in Nigeria and South Africa, he served as British consul to the Congo Free State (CIS) August 20, 1900.
         In March 1903, he discovers the horrors of state agents Independent after visiting the villages of martyrs of Bolobo, Bobangi, Lokolela and Irebu in Upper Congo. "I had fallen, he writes, on a secret society of assassins headed by a king."
         His mission report published in the British "Parliamentary Papers" reports of villages depopulated and equally decimated by the atrocities of the agents of the Anglo-Belgian India Rubber Company (A.B.I.R.) that the spread of trypanosomiasis. His report was described as "woefully convincing" by the British Foreign Minister, Lord Lansdowne, Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice (1845-1927).
         In December 1903 he mets Edmund Dene Morel (1873-1924) with whom he founded on January 25, 1904, the “Congo Reform Association (C.R.A.)”, whose role in the collapse of the Congo Free State was crucial.
         The owner of the Congo Independent State, H.M. Leopold II was deeply affected and did publish falsehoods despite the report of the first governor of the Congo Free State, Baron Ernest Joseph Francis Marie Dhanis (1862-1909): "I am ... absolutely stunned there were assassinations, murders, massive fines imposed on the natives who did not bring rubber, arrests and detention of women and children being starved in prison. (...) I only speak of things seen or admitted by the head of post-charge of the natives. "
         July 24, 1904, under pressure from his peers, King Leopold II creates reluctantly an international commission of inquiry "impartial" that could prove the innocence of the officers of the CIS and the A. B.I.R..
         It leads to suicide of Acting Governor General, Paul-Marie Costermans, (nicknamed "Leopard-Gondoko" whose name will be assigned later to the town of Bukavu) March 9, 1905 and the resignation of Secretary of State of the Congo Free State, Van Eetvelde Edmond (1852-1925).
         "I'm tired of being contaminated with blood and mud," he wrote to his colleague from the inside.
         After the publication of the Official Bulletin of the Congo Free State on November 5, 1905, the Belgian Socialist deputies demanded the outright annexation of the Congo by Belgium.
         A humiliation for his venerable owner, who still affirmed on December 10, 1906 in the London Times that "In the treatment of a race composed of cannibals for thousands of years, it is necessary to use methods most appropriate to shake his idleness and make him realize the sanctity of work ".
         When the annexation of Congo Free State by Belgium was imminent, he hastened to incinerate all the archives of the C.I.S.: "I will give them my Congo, but they have no right to know what I have done" he confided to his young aide, Gustavus Stinglhamber dumbfounded at the bonfire.
         In 1906, Roger Casement was awarded the Order of St Michael and St George by King Edward VII ((1841-1910).
         The same year he was assigned as Consul at Santos in Brazil and then Delgao at Mozambique. During his mission at Putumayo in Peru, he defended the Indians, operated by the Amazon Rubber Company (A.R.C.).
         In 1911 he was knighted by King George V (1910-1936).
         He was suspected of homosexuality, then accused of instigating the revolt of the Irish and treason on June 29, 1916.
         He was sentenced to death and hanged at Pentonville Prison in London on August 3, 1916.
         Rehabilitated 49 years after his death, The Irish organized for him, a grand national funeral on 1 May 1965 and a stele was erected to his memory at Banna Strand in 1966.
         In 2010, defenders of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continue to suffer the curse of King Leopold II, who appears again and again proclaim from beyond "its inalienable right on the Congo, the fruit of his labor."
         A century after his death, the tragic fate of Floribert Chebeya Bahizire (47 years), President of “La Voix des Sans Voix (The Voice of the Voiceless) for Human Rights" and executive secretary of the National Network of NGOs of the Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of Congo (R.E.N.A.D.H.O.C.), tortured and murdered by Congolese police June 2, 2010, is in line for those trying to defend against the abuse of Congolese state. This applies even to those who proclaim loudly that "the riches of Congo must benefit first Congolese to" like Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961).
         When H.M. King Albert II, who was expected to become the viceroy of the Congo in 1955 preparing for her first official visit to Kinshasa, 30 June 2010, the curse of his grandfather who "neither the Congo, nor Belgium were not ready for annexation", and even less for independence, should call the Congolese and Belgians.
         "Sire, they have tranished your Congo”, Thus exclaimed General Emile Janssens, the last commander of the Police Force, in tears at the foot of the monument of H.M. .Leopold II on July 5, 1960 after being drawn on the blackboard: "Before independence = after independence" in front of his troops, stunned then angry. Before fleeing disguised as a corporal in Brazzaville.
         Unconsciously, he came to inaugurate the mutinies, secessions and rebellions that have bloodied the Congo and all the misfortunes that have plagued the country until today.
         Who cares fifty years later? But what is a half-century or a century to a monarch who, on his deathbed, had told the "story time and care to avenge lies forged by the policy?” *
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* For more details: I. KANYARWUNGA N. Jean, République Démocratique du Congo. Les générations condamnées. Déliquescence d’une société pré-capitaliste (Democratic Republic of Congo. Generations condemned. Failed a pre-capitalist society), Publibook, Paris, 2006.
http://jean-kanyarwunga.publibook.com
http://www.dictionnairedesafricains.net/

Darfur, the first African martyr of the Haitian dictatorship

 
From his hometown of Darfur in Sudan, Darfur Felix moved to France where he studied journalism and married a French woman.
         In 1818 he emigrated with his family in Haiti and moved to Port-au-Prince. President Jean Pierre Boyer (1776-1850), former lieutenant of Toussaint Louverture received him with great honor and reimbursed his travel expenses between Le Havre and Port-au-Prince.
         He fits easily because his naturalization was facilitated by Article 44 of the Haitian Constitution, which granted citizenship to Africans living in the island after one year of residence.
         When he became a citizen in 1819, he founded a newspaper in Port-au-Prince,
"L'Eclaireur haïtien", a bimonthly political and literary journal.
         From the earliest numbers, his tone and his criticism of government practices make him an outspoken opponent of the regime which it accuses Boyer of illegally selling the country to foreigners. He is accused of trying to foment a civil war and overthrow the government when he expresses the opinion of the majority of the population.
         August 30, 1822, exercising his rights of Haitian, he sends a petition to the House of Deputies. While the members decided to deliberate on the general committee after a contentious vote on what to do with this offensive and seditious petition, Captain Bonneau Calix, the aide to President Boyer, informs the denier of the events of Parliament.
         President Boyer directs the military commander of Port-au-Prince, General John Thomas, "to stop the enemy nation and sentenced as expeditiously as possible, so that through a regular trial, he is struck by the sword terrible justice."
         Darfur is arrested and put in irons on the same day, sentenced to death and executed the next day after the September 2, 1822.
         Members who had approved his motion and position were excluded from the Assembly by their colleagues intimidated.
         Members Beranger, Laborde, St. Lawrence, St. Martin, as well as judges, notaries and journalists are promptly imprisoned. Two senators, suspected of sympathizing with opinion Darfur are forced to resign, while judges and officials are suddenly removed in defiance of all the provisions of the Constitution of 1816, very similar to that of the United States, whose he was one of the drafters.
         The implementation of Darfur to misdemeanor opinion opens the dictatorship of Jean-Pierre Boyer until his resignation in 1843.

         In his book 
"De la réhabilitation de la race noire par la République d'Haïti (From rehabilitation of the black race by the Republic of Haiti)", published in Port-au-Prince in 1900, Hannibal Price stressed "I am from Haiti, Mecca, Judea of the black race, the countries must go on pilgrimage at least once in his life every man has African blood in the arteries".

Darfur Felix had done at the cost of his life in 1822, that is to say 88 years earlier.

Open Letter to His Excellency Abdoulaye Wade, President of the Republic of Senegal

 
Excellency Mr. President,

         You are the first African president to whom I am speaking because I confess that until now you were a model of wisdom and intelligence.
         I was glad when you became President of the Republic of Senegal in April 2000 because you gave Africa a sense of political alternation. Your "Sopi" (change) was for Senegal and Africa for more than a hollow slogan and you have subsequently proved.
African writer and historian, I am not to judge correctly your Senegalese domestic politics. This is done by your fellow politicians who do not care.
         Lately, you've made some decisions that call upon all African intellectuals and, if you're not careful, may damage your output.
         When I go to Geneva train station (corner of rue du Mont-Blanc), I can not help but cast a glance at these families entertained tourists pose for photos around the Statue of "The Emigrant reading the Declaration of Human Rights" material erected by your African patriot Ousmane Sow. At that moment, I feel proud to be African like himself.
         Why did you do not entrust the construction of the monument of "African Renaissance"? Why have entrusted the execution of this gigantic monument of "Stalinist" (the remains controversial by your religious leaders) to North Korean manufacturers whose reputation in the World is poor?
         Have you forgotten that Senegal holds the most symbolic and most visited monuments in Africa, the Slave House in Goree city, a world heritage of humanity?
What have you done to facilitate the stay of its illustrious visitors to Goree?
         As part of the African renaissance, I am embarrassed by your proposal to grant land for Haitians, who want to return to Africa. It is a generous and honorable and some Haitians will take you at your word. However, it is random!
         I too suffer when I see these horrible pictures but I am also proud to be Black and African when I see the dignity with which my brothers Haitians endure this terrible disaster.
One of his men worthy in desolation is called "Adieu Bonaparte" and I do not know one Senegalese proudly bearing the name of "Goodbye France."
         Beyond the noble emotion that no one blames you, given the terrible tragedy that struck our brothers Haitians, your proposal, however, leaves a wonderful taste surprise.
You should have immediately send your valiant "Diambar" as peacekeepers to maintain order in Haiti.
         Do I remember the mission accomplished by the Haitian Max H. Dorsinville prepare for the accession to independence of Togo, Cameroon, Somalia, Tanganyika, Rwanda, Burundi and Congo, and especially his dedication to the head of the UN Mission in Congo from 1963 to 1964?
         In its wake, the Haitian intellectuals flew to the aid of government of Patrice Lumumba who had been abandoned by the Belgian executives. Teachers, doctors, officials, agronomists .... Some died in the Congo, others are more income in Haiti. They became Congolese! Others were permanently marked by the return to basics. The best example is Raoul Peck, the son of one of the brightest executives "French Blacks" who directed the best film about Lumumba.
         Closer to home, let me remind you of courage, selflessness, sense of duty and selflessness of Captain Mbaye Diagne, blue helmet of the United Nations Mission for Assistance in Rwanda (UNAMIR). We can talk about the genocide in Rwanda without thinking of the young "Diambar" hit by a shell after rescuing thousands of lives in the streets of Kigali madness May 31, 1994.
         Are not you proud of the work being done worthily and valiantly General Babacar Gaye, Force Commander of MONUC in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
         While Africa today deplored the sacrifice of Tunisia, Hedi Annadif, Secretary General of the United Nations and Head of Mission of UN peace in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and two hundred of his men, it is the duty of the African Union to strengthen the United Nations Force.
         Like the phoenix, the homeland of Adieu Bonaparte, the first black independent republic, must be reborn from its ashes, because after this island was hard-won. The birthplace of François Toussaint Louverture, the Benin Allada, is the shank of the African American flag and our pride to face the conquerors and imperialists of all stripes. Nobody has the right to touch the Haitian sovereignty under any pretext whatsoever. Africa must ensure there is the apple of his eye.
         This apparent poverty that plagues Haiti was required and maintained by those who do not want to hear about African independence. Let me remind you that the debt that plagues Haiti since 1802 is a pure scam. But who ever bothered to question it? Have you discussed at the G8 which you were invited? And yet?
         Why all French presidents do they visit each year Senegal and none has ever dared to go to Port-au-Prince? Is it not because they dare not look Haitian reality in the face?
         No, black Africa is far from a "Promised Land" for the descendants of slaves. Just, it must welcome those who wish to visit their origins as Ghana does for African Americans.
         Yes, they deserve the "Teranga," your wonderful tradition of hospitality and "Ubuntu", our African solidarity deeply heartfelt. They are Africans and must feel at home in Africa as they're Americans and should feel at home in America.
         No offense, Mr. President, Senegal is not able to retain its young "boat people" who take enormous risks to force the doors of Europe, can not accommodate Haitian migrants without creating problems uprooting of politico-socio-cultural. And what will happen tomorrow when similar disasters occur in the Martinique, Montserrat, Jamaica, Dominica, Suriname, Barbados and La Réunion?
         I was born under an active volcano in the region of North Kivu, which has fourteen, to tell you that Africa itself is not immune to cyclical seismic cataclysms. But why should I seek asylum in Casamance?
         Haiti, the eldest daughter of Africa deserves to become the "pearl of the Caribbean". This disaster is a unique opportunity for humanity to make amends to the country of Adieu Bonaparte. France no longer has any claim to Haiti, the elder sister of the Francophonie.
It is thanks to Haitians that French is an important language of the United Nations.
         The African Union must quickly rethink a comprehensive strategy to help build long-term home of Negritude. To relieve their "ego" the United States and Canada are forced to massively help Haiti, the distorting mirror of their wealth. They no longer consider the Haitians as "workers of sweat" but as an essential part of their geopolitics.
         Latin America (Cuba head), front line, just to prove that Haiti is primarily a member state of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) She now has the means to help him recover.
         The spontaneous intervention in Haiti to China, India, Russia, United States, European countries along with other countries around the world to prove that the ideological divide that once separated the world is definitely filled.

Excellency Mr. President,

         If I allowed myself to question some of your decisions and your achievements, not that I doubt the wisdom that gives you your age, or to burn the library you are, but for fear that such decisions "emotional ups or" can not detract from your day (tomorrow or after tomorrow!), that all Africans want majestic as that of your predecessors Leopold Sedar Senghor and Abdou Diouf.
         Thus, you deserve to go down in history as the man of Senegalese "Sopi”.
The time you will probably right someday, but for now you should know that as the oldest African presidents (except Robert Mugabe), you are not entitled to make mistakes!
Senegalese democracy must remain a model for the entire continent.

History of Africa otherwise


History of Africa must be written with all African intellectuals and not just by those in power. It is a sacred duty of all we invest in this noble task: to intervene in the course of our history, so it does not taxed.
         Many Africans accept without flinching whatever is imposed by the authority. Several intellectuals never emit their opinions. Resigned, submissive, allergic to change, lovers of foreign securities, they dare not discuss measures by the authorities often imposed unfairly.
         With modern communications, we can change this situation and share our views by staying honest, tolerant, respectful, honest and correct.
         Placing us above our interests, political, economic and sectarian, we can help improve governance in Africa as well as managing our cultural resources, human and economic.
         We are confident that this spirit of mutual listening, we can help our leaders, policy makers and their mentors to take accurate measurements, social and equitable.

Jean I.N. KANYARWUNGA